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Celestus macrotus THOMAS & HEDGES, 1989

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Higher TaxaDiploglossidae, Diploglossa, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: La Selle Galliwasp, Thomas' Galliwasp 
SynonymCelestus macrotus THOMAS & HEDGES 1989: 886
Celestus macrotus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 375
Celestus macrotus — POWELL et al. 1999
Celestus macrotus — SCHOOLS & HEDGES 2021 
DistributionHispaniola (Haiti)

Type locality: Ca. 15 km W (by logging roads) Gros Cheval, northeastern slopes of Pic la Selle, 2020 m, Département de l'Ouest, Haiti.  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: USNM 286917. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size small (SVL in only female 60 mm); limbs relatively long; nasal excluded from rostral; frontal long and narrow, about 2 x as long as broad; no median keels on dorsal caudal or body scales; ventrals smooth (?), 93 between mental and vent; 41 scales around midbody; 15 fourth toe lamellae; snout rounded; 6-8 strigae on dorsal scales; lateral scales arranged very diagonally; external auricular opening large. Dorsum with a somewhat bronzy brown dorsal zone; a series of fine dark longitudinal lines (8 anteriorly, 5-6 posteriorly) mostly occupying centers of scale rows, from just posterior to head shields to sacral region, more interrupted or less well defined posteriorly; 2 paramedian stripes heavier from neck to about level of forelimb insertion, area between them paler than remainder of dorsal ground color; lateral zone delimited from dorsal zone by light vitta from auricular opening to about 1/3 of the way from axilla to groin, dark brown with vertical rows of fine, white dots and some vertical invasion of ventral color, more extensive posteriorly, breaking dark zone into about 18 vertical bars; head brown with some darker pigment along sutures; fore- and hindlimbs marbled with heavy, dark brown reticulum; venter pale but with much suffusion of dark pigment also forming fine, longitudinal lines, most prominent on throat; chest with prominent, dark reticulations; cloacal flap with unpigmented triangular area (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 376). 
CommentFor illustrations see Thomas and Hedges, 1989.

Abundance: only known from the type specimen (Meiri et al. 2017). 
References
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Powell, Robert; José A. Ottenwalder and Sixto J. Incháustegui 1999. The Hispaniolan Herpetofauna: Diversity, Endemism, and Historical Perpectives, with Comments on Navassa Island. In Crother, Caribbean Amphibians and Reptiles, Academic Press, pp. 93-168 - get paper here
  • SCHOOLS, MOLLY & S. BLAIR HEDGES 2021. Phylogenetics, classification, and biogeography of the Neotropical forest lizards (Squamata, Diploglossidae). Zootaxa 4974 (2): 201–257 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Thomas, R. and S. B. Hedges. 1989. A new Celestus (Sauria: Anguidae) from the Chaine de Ia Selle of Haiti. Copeia 1989 (4): 886-891 - get paper here
 
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