Cemophora lineri (WILLIAMS, BROWN & WILSON, 1966)
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Cemophora lineri?
|Higher Taxa||Colubridae, Colubrinae, Lampropeltini, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)|
|Common Names||E: Texas Scarlet Snake|
|Synonym||Cemophora coccinea lineri WILLIAMS, BROWN & WILSON 1966|
Cemophora lineri — COLLINS 1991: 43
Cemophora coccinea lineri — CROTHER 2000: 57
Cemophora coccinea lineri — TENNANT & BARTLETT 2000: 452
Cemophora coccinea lineri — CROTHER et al. 2012
Cemophora lineri — WEINELL & AUSTIN 2017
|Distribution||USA (S Texas)|
Type locality: 55.5 km S of Riviera, Kenedy County, Texas, United States, approximately 26 847040.74"N, 97848050.4714"W, 5 m elevation
|Types||Holotype: AMNH 75307, adult female, collected by Ernest A. Liner and Richard Whitten on 29 June 1963 (Williams et al., 1966). Paratype. BCB 10993, adult female, from King Ranch, Kenedy County, Texas, precise coordinates unknown, collected by Brian P. Glass in 1951 (Williams et al., 1966).|
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis. A medium-sized species of the genus Cemophora, tribe Lampropeltini, family Colubridae. Distinguished from other lampropeltine species by the following combination of characters: 7 supralabial scales; enlarged posterior maxillary teeth; dorsal scales smooth in 19 rows at midbody; anal scale entire; 178–195 ventral scales; 13–18 red dorsal blotches before tail, bordered anteriorly and posteriorly by black bands; black dorsal bands extend laterally to the third, fourth, or fifth dorsal scale row (between midbody and tail); background dorsal color yellow, white, or gray; ventral color white.|
Comparisons. Cemophora lineri differs from C. coccinea in having a greater average number of ventral scales (C. lineri: 178– 195 [X = 186.1]; C. coccinea: 150–185 [X = 167.5]) and black dorsal bands that extend to the third, fourth, or fifth dorsal scale row (vs. extending laterally to dorsal scale row one or two in C. coccinea).
|Comment||See also C. coccinea.|
|Etymology||The specific name lineri is a patronym, named for Ernest A. Liner, who collected the holotype in 1963 with Richard Whitten (Williams et al., 1966).|
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