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Cercosaura anomala (MÜLLER, 1923)

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Cercosaurinae), Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Anomalous Cercosaura 
SynonymPholidobolus anomalus MÜLLER 1923
Pholidobolus anomalus — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 220
Cercosaura anomala — MAMANI et al. 2020 
DistributionPeru (Cuzco)

Type locality: Cuzco (= Cusco), Peru. Neotype locality: Puente Ruinas, Santuario Histórico de Machupicchu, District of Machupicchu, Province of Urubamba, Department of Cusco, Peru (13°09′42′′ S, 72°32′07′′ W, at 2060 m).  
TypesNeotype: MUBI 5277 (Figure 3), an adult male, collected by J.C. Chaparro on 20 April 1998; neotype designated by Mamani et al. 2020. Holotype: lost, was ZSM 29/1918 (lost fide Franzen & Glaw 2007), male. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: see Mamani et al. 2020: 10 (not copyable because of terrible formatting). 
CommentPhylogenetics: Pholidobolus anomalus does not belong to Pholidobolus according to Montanucci (1973) and TORRES-CARVAJAL et al. 2014. Not included by TORRES-CARVAJAL & MAFLA-ENDARA 2013 but probably due to the lack of samples. The issue was solved by Mamani et al. 2020 who assigned anomala to Cercosaurua. 
EtymologyThe specific epithet “anomalus” is a nominative adjective in ancient Latin meaning irregular (anomalus), which implicitly refers to the presence and irregular shape of the prefrontal scales. 
  • Hurtado-Gómez, Juan P.; Juan C. Arredondo, Pedro M. Sales-Nunes and Juan M. Daza 2018. A New Species of Pholidobolus (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) from the Paramo Ecosystem in the Northern Andes of Colombia. South American Journal of Herpetology 13 (3): 271–286 - get paper here
  • Mamani, Luis, Juan C Chaparro, Claudio Correa, Consuelo Alarcón, Cinthya Y Salas, and Alessandro Catenazzi. 2020. A New Species of Andean Gymnophthalmid Lizard (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) from the Peruvian Andes, and Resolution of Some Taxonomic Problems. Diversity 12 (9): 361 - get paper here
  • Montanucci, R.R. 1973. Systematics and Evolution of the Andean Lizard Genus Pholidobolus (Sauria: Teiidae). Misc. Publ. Univ. Kans. Mus. Nat. Hist. 59: 1-52 - get paper here
  • Müller, L. 1923. Neue oder seltene Reptilien und Batrachier der Zoologischen Sammlung des bayr. Staates. Zool. Anz. 57 (3-4): 49-61 - get paper here
  • Peters, James A. & Donoso-Barros, Roberto 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part II. Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 293 pp. - get paper here
  • Reeder, T. W. 1996. A new species of Pholidobolus (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) from the Huancabamba depression of northern Peru. Herpetologica 52 (2): 282-289. - get paper here
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