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Cercosaura anordosquama STURARO, RODRIGUES, COLLI, KNOWLES & AVILA-PIRES, 2018

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Cercosaurinae), Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymCercosaura anordosquama STURARO, RODRIGUES, COLLI, KNOWLES & AVILA-PIRES 2018
Cercosaura ocellata — VANZOLINI 1986: 14
Cercosaura ocellata ocellata — AVILA-PIRES 1995: 361 (part)
Cercosaura ocellata — PELLEGRINO et al. 2001: 317
Cercosaura sp. — PRUDENTE et al. 2013: 45
Cercosaura ocellata — TORRES-CARVAJAL et al. 2015: 283 
DistributionBrazil (Pará, Amazonas, Mato Grosso, Rondônia)

Type locality: Acampamento Mutum, municipality of Juruti, Pará state, Brazil (2°36’34”S and 56°11’46”W)  
Reproductionoviparous (manual imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: MPEG 25319 (field number AL 112), an adult male, collected by A. Lima, between February 7 and March 3, 2007. Paratypes: BRAZIL: Amazonas: Apuí: Parque Estadual do Sucunduri (INPA 17426). Borba (USNM 200685); Santa Bárbara, left margin of Rio Canumã (MPEG 16966); São João, Fazenda do rio Marimari, left margin (MPEG 16972); São Raimundo, Foz do Canuma (RMNH 47110). Humaitá (UNB = CHUNB 32286–90). Manicoré: Campo Catuquira (INPA 20303, INPA 20316, INPA 20329–30). Maués: Comunidade Bragança, Rio Paraconi, Floresta Nacional Pau-Rosa (MPEG 27654–55, MPEG 27657); Comunidade São Tomé, Rio Paraconi, Floresta Nacional Pau-Rosa (MPEG 27656, MPEG 27658–59). Nova Aripuanã: Lago Cipotuba, right margin of Rio Aripuanã (MZUSP 91379–80); Comunidade Projó, left margin of Rio Aripuanã (INPA 18448). Santa Maria: Terra Preta (MZUSP 91381). Tapauá: Parque Nacional Nascentes do Lago Jari (INPA 27394–96). Mato Grosso: Aripuanã: (MZUSP 81551–53, MZUSP 82648–53). Juruena: (MZUSP 82425–27). Pará: Altamira: Moraes de Almeida (MPEG 25135–36). Aveiro: Monte Cristo, Rio Tapajós (MCZ 127765–66). Itaituba: Base IBAMA 1, trilha de Tracuá, Parque Nacional da Amazônia, Rio Tapajós (MPEG 22356–57); Buburé, Parque Nacional da Amazônia, Rio Tapajós (MZUSP 53700–05); Parque Nacional da Amazônia (MPEG 29474); Parque Nacional da Amazônia, around 130 km SW of Itaituba, Rio Tapajós (USNM 288911); Parque Nacional da Amazônia, around 65 km SW of Itaituba, Rio Tapajós (USNM 288905); Parque Nacional da Amazônia, around 66 km SW of Itaituba, Rio Tapajós (USNM 288909–10); Trilha da Piçarreira, Transamazônica, 2 km of north of the base of Ibama, Parque Nacional da Amazônia (MPEG 29443); Uruá, Parque Nacional da Amazônia, Rio Tapajós (MZUSP 52506–12, MZUSP 53639–40). Juruti: Área de Prospecção da ALCOA: Acampamento Mutum (MPEG 20779); Acampamento Mutum, Área A (MPEG 20823); Acampamento Mutum, Área B (MPEG 20850); Área B (MPEG 20837); Adutora (MPEG 26495); Barroso (MPEG 25320, MPEG 26499, MPEG 28240); Beneficiamento (MPEG 25203, MPEG 25324–25, MPEG 25329, MPEG 25335–36); Café Torrado (MPEG 25330); Capiranga (MPEG 25321); Galiléia (MPEG 26497–98, MPEG 28241); km 26 of railway (MPEG 25331–33); km 32 of railway (MPEG 25322–23, MPEG 25325, MPEG 25327–28, MPEG 25334, MPEG 25337); Mutum (MPEG 25318, MPEG 29179); Pacoval (MPEG 26494, MPEG 26496); Platô Capiranga (MPEG 25025–26); near Acampamento Mutum (MPEG 20781, MPEG 20784); Mata do Acampamento Mutum (MPEG 20783); Mata entre base Capiranga e Acampamento Mutum (MPEG 20834–35). Novo Progresso: 2.9 Km south of Novo Progresso, 3,5 km west of BR-163, near airport (MPEG 28437); 9 Km south of Novo Progresso, 3,5 km west of BR-163, close to the airport (MPEG 28457–58). Santarém: 74 km SE Santarém, Sudam Floral Reserve (KU 130220); CEMEX, Agropecuária Treviso LTDA, 101.0 Km S, 18.0 Km E Santarém (OMNH 36763– 67); Floresta Nacional do Tapajós (MPEG 20141–42); Rodovia Santarém-Cuiabá (BR-163), km 101 (sede DP Pau Rosa,) Agropecuária Treviso Ltda (MPEG 17422, MPEG 17428, MPEG 17587, MPEG 17590). Vitória do Xingu: Bom Jardim, left margin of Rio Xingu, Usina Hidrelétrica Belo Monte (MPEG 25525–30); Usina Hidrelétrica Belo Monte, Arroz Cru, left margin of Rio Xingu (MPEG 19274); Usina Hidrelétrica Belo Monte, Bom jardim, left margin of Rio Xingu (MPEG 24920, MPEG 24922–23). Rondônia: Espigão do Oeste: Fazenda Jaburi (MPEG 21917, MPEG 21930–31). Guajará-Mirim: Parque Nacional da Serra da Cotia (MPEG 21543). Jamari: Floresta Nacional do Jamari, Itapuã do Oeste (MPEG 31438). Porto Velho: (CHUNB 66088–89, CHUNB 66091–92); Jaci Esquerda (MPEG 22118); Reserva Extrativista Lago do Cuniã (CHUNB 66640, CHUNB 66642); Usina Hidroelétrica de Santo Antônio (MPEG 30706). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Cercosaura with maximum female SVL 61.8 mm and maximum male SVL 58.2 mm; snout round; frontonasal single; nasal, loreal and frenocular undivided; loreal in contact with first supralabial; five infralabials to posterior margin of eyes; five pairs of chinshields; 12–17 neck scales in a vertical row; 24–31 scales around midbody; dorsal scales hexagonal, slightly keeled and not in regular longitudinal rows, twice as long as scales on flanks, 31–35 along a middorsal line, from occipitals to anterior margin of hind limbs; six longitudinal rows of ventrals; precloacal plate in males with two anterior and two posterior scales, in females with two anterior and four posterior scales; 4–9 femoral pores on one side in males, 0–6 in females; 6–8 lamellae under finger I; head, throat and body ventrally predominantly white or cream (in adult males it may become orange). 
CommentSympatry: C. ocellata (in the Tapajós–Xingu interfluve), C. bassleri (in the Purus–Madeira interfluve), C. olivacea (in Humaitá, Amazonas, Brazil).

Habitat: leaf litter of primary and secondary ‘terra-firme’ (non-flooded) forest. 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is a noun in apposition in allusion to the dorsal scales that are not in longitudinal rows, as in his sister group, C. ocellata: from the Latin “an + ordo + squama”, meaning scales out of order. 
  • Avila-Pires, T.C.S. 1995. Lizards of Brazilian Amazonia (Reptilia: Squamata). Zoologische Verhandelingen 299: 1-706 - get paper here
  • Ferreira, A. S. 2021. Rapid survey of the herpetofauna of Estação Ecológica Alto Maués: a rarely accessed area in the Brazilian Amazonia. Biota Amazônia 11(1): 22-28 - get paper here
  • Pellegrino, K. C. M.; Rodrigues, M. T.; Yonenaga-Yassuda, Y.; Sites, J. W. 2001. A molecular perspective on the evolution of microteiid lizards (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae), and a new classification for the family. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 74 (3): 315-338 - get paper here
  • Prudente, A.L.C.; F. Magalhães; A. Menks; J.F.M. Sarmento. 2013. Checklist of Lizards of the Juruti, state of Pará, Brazil. Check List 9 (1):42-50 - get paper here
  • Sturaro, M. J., Rodrigues, M. T., Colli, G. R., Knowles, L. L., & Avila-Pires, T. C. S. 2018. Integrative taxonomy of the lizards Cercosaura ocellata species complex (Reptilia: Gymnophthalmidae). Zoologischer Anzeiger - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal, Omar; Simón E. Lobos, Pablo J. Venegas 2015. Phylogeny of Neotropical Cercosaura (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) lizards. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 93: 281–288 - get paper here
  • Vanzolini, P. E. 1986. Levantamento herpetológico da área do estado de Rondonia sob a influencia da rodovia BR 364. Conselho Nacional de Pesquisas Brasilia, DF, 50 pp.
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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