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Cercosaura oshaughnessyi (BOULENGER, 1885)

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Cercosaurinae), Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: White-Striped Eyed Lizard
Portuguese: Lagarto-da-Terra 
SynonymPrionodactylus oshaughnessyi BOULENGER 1885: 392
Euspondylus oshaughnessyi — CUNHA 1961: 146
Prionodactylus oshaughnessyi — VANZOLINI 1972: 107 (?)
Prionodactylus oshaughnessyi — DUELLMAN 1991
Prionodactylus oshaughnessyi — AVILA-PIRES 1995: 468
Prionodactylus oshaughnessyi — PELLEGRINO et al. 2001
Prionodactylus oshaughnessyi — PIANKA & VITT 2003: 203
Cercosaura oshaughnessyi — TORRES-CARVAJAL et al. 2015
Cercosaura oshaughnessyi — ECHEVARRIA et al. 2015
Cercosaura oshaugnessyi — RIBEIRO-JUNIOR & AMARAL 2016 (in error)
Cercosaura oshaughnessyi — STURARO et al. 2017 
DistributionN Peru, Colombia, Ecuador, Brazil (W Amazonas, Amapa, Acre), French Guiana

Type locality: Canelos and Pallatanga, Ecuador.  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.8.31.18-20, 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Frontonasal divided. Loreal in contact with supralabials. Scales around midbody 31-45. Males with 17-28 pores in total, females with 8-15 or none; one pore in preanal position, separated from its opposite number by two ventrals in a transverse row. Subdigital lamellae not or only slightly tuberculate, 16-22 under fourth toe. A sharp delimitation on sides of head, on temporal region usually half to one scale above supralabials, between a brown dorsal surface and a white ventral surface; lower flanks with a white stripe delimited ventrally by a dark narrow band (Avila-Pires 1995). 
CommentSynonymy: P. oshaughnessyi has been synonymized with P. argulus by UZZELL (1973) and DOAN 2003. However, some authors continued to treat P. oshaughnessyi as valid species, e.g. Pellegrino et al. (2001), Avila-Pires et al. 2009. Torres-Carvajal et al. 2015 found argulus and oshaughnessyi as (weakly) separated genetically and monophyletic although their sampling was somewhat biased (with only 2 specimens of argulus) and all specimens of oshaughnessyi being from a relatively small geographic area. We accept oshaughnessyi given that it was also considered as distinct by Sturaro et al. 2017. 
EtymologyPrionodactylus oshaughnessyi was named after A. W. E. O’Shaughnessy, herpetologist of the British Museum.  
  • Avila-Pires, T.C.S. 1995. Lizards of Brazilian Amazonia (Reptilia: Squamata). Zoologische Verhandelingen 299: 1-706 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Cunha, O.R. da 1961. Lacertilios da Amazonia, II. Os lagartos da Amazonia brasileira, com especial referencia aos representados na colecao do Museu Goeldi. Bol. Mus. Par. E. Goeldi, Zool. 39: 1-189
  • DIAGO-TORO, MARÍA F.; DANIELA GARCÍA-COBOS, GIOVANNI D. BRIGANTE-LUNA & JUAN D. VÁSQUEZ-RESTREPO. 2021. Fantastic lizards and where to find them: cis-Andean microteiids (Squamata: Alopoglossidae & Gymnophthalmidae) from the Colombian Orinoquia and Amazonia. Zootaxa 5067 (3): 377–400. - get paper here
  • Duellman, W.E., & Salas, A.W. 1991. Annotated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Cuzco Amazonico, Peru. Occas. Papers Mus. of Natur. Hist., Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence (143): 13 pp. - get paper here
  • Echevarría LY, Barboza AC, Venegas PJ. 2015. A new species of montane gymnophthalmid lizard, genus Cercosaura (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae), from the Amazon slope of northern Peru. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 9(1): 34–44 (e109) - get paper here
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • Metcalf, M. F., Guedouar, E., Davis, L., Rodriguez, A., Marsh, A., Pacaya, E. T., ... & Gunnels IV, C. W. 2023. Herpetofauna of Madre Selva Biological Station in Loreto, Peru. Herpetology Notes, 16, 727-740
  • Metcalf, Matthew; Alexander Marsh, Emerson Torres, Devon Graham, Charles Gunnels 2020. Herpetofauna of the Santa Cruz Forest Preserve in the Peruvian Amazon Basin. Herpetology Notes 13: 753-767 - get paper here
  • Pellegrino, K. C. M.; Rodrigues, M. T.; Yonenaga-Yassuda, Y.; Sites, J. W. 2001. A molecular perspective on the evolution of microteiid lizards (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae), and a new classification for the family. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 74 (3): 315-338 - get paper here
  • Pianka, E.R. & Vitt, L.J. 2003. Lizards - Windows to the Evolution of Diversity. University of California Press, Berkeley, 347 pp. [review in Copeia 2004: 955] - get paper here
  • RIBEIRO-JÚNIOR, MARCO A. & SILVANA AMARAL 2017. Catalogue of distribution of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Brazilian Amazonia. IV. Alopoglossidae, Gymnophthalmidae. Zootaxa 4269 (2): 151-196 - get paper here
  • Ribeiro-Júnior, Marco A. & Silvana Amaral 2016. Diversity, distribution, and conservation of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) in the Brazilian Amazonia. Neotropical Biodiversity, 2:1, 195-421 - get paper here
  • Sturaro, Marcelo José; Teresa C. S. Avila-Pires & Miguel T. Rodrigues 2017. Molecular phylogenetic diversity in the widespread lizard Cercosaura ocellata (Reptilia: Gymnophthalmidae) in South America. Systematics and Biodiversity - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Pazmiño-Otamendi G, Salazar-Valenzuela D. 2019. Reptiles of Ecuador: a resource-rich portal, with a dynamic checklist and photographic guides. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13 (1): [General Section]: 209–229 (e178) - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal, Omar; Simón E. Lobos, Pablo J. Venegas 2015. Phylogeny of Neotropical Cercosaura (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) lizards. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 93: 281–288 - get paper here
  • Vanzolini, P. E. 1972. Miscellaneous notes on the ecology of some Brasilian lizards (Sauria). Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia 26 (8): 83-115 - get paper here
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