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Cerrophidion tzotzilorum (CAMPBELL, 1985)

IUCN Red List - Cerrophidion tzotzilorum - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Tzotzil Montane Pit Viper
S: Nauyaca Tzotzil 
SynonymBothrops tzotzilorum CAMPBELL 1985
Bothrops tzotzilorum — VILLA et al. 1988
Porthidium tzotzilorum — CAMPBELL & LAMAR 1989: 327
Cerrophidion tzotzilorum — CAMPBELL & LAMAR 1992
Cerrophidion tzotzilorum — LINER 1994
Porthidium tzotzilorum — WELCH 1994: 101
Cerrophidion tzotzilorum — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 275
Cerrophidion tzotzilorum — JADIN et al. 2011
Cerrophidion tzotzilorum — WALLACH et al. 2014: 156 
DistributionMexico (Chiapas: Meseta Central)

Type locality: 10.9 km ESE San Cristobal de Las Casas, Chiapas, Mexico, elevation 2320 m.  
TypesHolotype: UTA R-9641 

Distribution: see map in JADIN et al. 2012

Habitat: terrestrial

Conservation: one of the 30 most endangered viper species (Maritz et al. 2016). 
EtymologyNamed after the Tzotzil group of Indians whose highland mountain villages dot the landscape inhabited by this species. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Campbell, J. A. 1985. A new species of highland pit viper of the genus Bothrops from southern México. Journal of Herpetology 19 (1): 48-54. - get paper here
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Campbell,J.A. & Lamar,W.W. 1992. Taxonomic status of miscellaneous Neotropical viperids, with the description of a new genus. Occ. Papers Mus. Texas Tech. Univ. 153: 1-31 - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Jadin, R. 2007. PREY ITEMS OF THE TZOTZIL MONTANE PITVIPER (CERROPHIDION TZOTZILORUM). Southwestern Naturalist 52 (3): 437-438 - get paper here
  • Jadin, R.C., Townsend, J.H., Castoe, T.A. & Campbell, J.A. 2012. Cryptic diversity in disjunct populations of Middle American Montane Pitvipers: a systematic reassessment of Cerrophidion godmani. Zoologica Scripta doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.2012.00547.x - get paper here
  • Jadin, Robert C. 2010. Cerrophidion tzotzilorum (Campbell), Tzotzil Montane Pitviper, Nauyaca del frío, víbora. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 880: 1-2 - get paper here
  • JADIN, ROBERT C.; ERIC N. SMITH and JONATHAN A. CAMPBELL 2011. Unravelling a tangle of Mexican serpents: a systematic revision of highland pitvipers. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 163: 943–958 - get paper here
  • Johnson, Jerry D.; Vicente Mata-Silva, Elí García Padilla, and Larry David Wilson 2015. The Herpetofauna of Chiapas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (3): 272–329. - get paper here
  • Maritz, Bryan; Johannes Penner, Marcio Martins, Jelka Crnobrnja-Isailović, Stephen Spear, Laura R.V. Alencar, Jesús Sigala-Rodriguez, Kevin Messenger, Rulon W. Clark, Pritpal Soorae, Luca Luiselli, Chris Jenkins, Harry W. Greene 2016. Identifying global priorities for the conservation of vipers. Biological Conservation, doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2016.05.004 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Schramer, T D; Kalki, Y; West, T R; Baena-Bejarano, N & Wylie, D B; 2019. Cerrophidion tzotzilorum (Tzotzil Montane Pitviper) Diet. Herpetological Review 50 (1): 151-152 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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