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Chilabothrus striatus (FISCHER, 1856)

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Higher TaxaBoidae (Boinae), Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
SubspeciesChilabothrus striatus striatus (FISCHER 1856)
Chilabothrus striatus exagistus (SHEPLAN & SCHWARTZ 1974)
Chilabothrus striatus warreni (SHEPLAN & SCHWARTZ 1974) 
Common NamesE: Hispaniolan Boa, Haitian Boa; exagistus: Tiburon boa; warreni: Île de la Tortue boa
G: Haiti-Boa 
SynonymHomalochilus striatus FISCHER 1856: 102
Homalochilus striatus — JAN 1864
Homalochilus striatus — GARMAN 1887: 279
Epicrates striatus — BOULENGER 1893: 96
Epicrates striatus — GORMAN & GRESS 1970
Epicrates striatus striatus — SHEPLAN & SCHWARTZ 1974
Epicrates striatus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 609
Epicrates striatus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 198
Chilabothrus striatus — REYNOLDS et al. 2013
Epicrates striatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 274
Chilabothrus striatus striatus — REYNOLDS & HENDERSON 2018: 14

Chilabothrus striatus exagistus SHEPLAN & SCHWARTZ 1974
Epicrates striatus exagistus SHEPLAN & SCHWARTZ 1974: 72
Epicrates striatus exagistus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988
Chilabothrus striatus exagistus — REYNOLDS et al. 2013
Chilabothrus striatus exagistus — REYNOLDS & HENDERSON 2018: 14

Chilabothrus striatus warreni SHEPLAN & SCHWARTZ 1974
Epicrates striatus warreni SHEPLAN & SCHWARTZ 1974: 74
Epicrates striatus warreni — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988
Chilabothrus striatus warreni — REYNOLDS et al. 2013
Chilabothrus striatus warreni — REYNOLDS & HENDERSON 2018: 14 
DistributionHispaniola

striatus: Hispaniola; Île de la Gonâve; Isla Saona; intergrades with E. s. exagistus. Type locality: Santo Domingo and St. Thomas; restricted by Sheplan and Schwartz, 1974, to the city of Santo Domingo, Distrito Nacional, República Dominicana.

exagistus: Hispaniola: Haiti, distal portion of the Tiburon Peninsula, east to Les Basses, but presumably occurring further east. Type locality: Camp Perrin, Departement du Sud, Haiti.

warreni: Île de la Tortue; Type locality: Vicinity of Palmiste, lIe de la Tortue, Haiti.  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesSyntypes: lost, formerly in ZMH, now destroyed.
Holotype: MCZ 125603, adult female [exagistus]
Holotype: MCZ 125604, adult female [warreni] 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Maximum SVL 2330 mm; dorsal scale rows on neck 34-49, at midbody 35-65; ventrals 270-299 in males, 266-298 in females; subcaudals 76-102 in males, 76-94 in females; ventrals + subcaudals 353-390 in males, 343-387 in females; head scale formula 3/5-1/2-5. Body blotches 60-122, but dorsum often virtually patternless or with blotches so fused as to be uncountable; blotches, rhombs, or spots gray, tan, or brown, outlined or not by dark brown to black on paler brown, gray, or red-brown ground; blotches more or less subcircular, ovate to angulate, often modified, by alternation, into chain-like pattern, saddles, or bands; usually a secondary series of smaller angulate blotches on lower sides, lying at apices of primary dorsal blotches; lateral neck stripe may be very prominent, extending anterior third of body in some specimens, but weakly developed in others; upper side of tail with 0-28 blotches, but may be solid dark brown to black; venter cream, gray, or brown, with scattered to regular dark brown to dark gray markings forming longitudinal short lines, line segments, or rectangular blotches (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 609). 
CommentIllustrations: see Cochran, 1941; Mehrtens, 1987; Tolson, 1987.

Synonymy: many subspecies previously assigned to Epicrates striatus are now assigned to Chilabothrus strigilatus.

Habitat: partly arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
References
  • Barbour, T. 1904. Batrachia and Reptilia from the Bahamas. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 46: 55—61 - get paper here
  • Barbour, Thomas 1941. A new boa from the Bahamas. Proc. New England zool. Club 18: 61-65
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Cochran, D.M. 1941. The herpetology of Hispaniola. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 177: vii + 398 pp. - get paper here
  • Fischer, J.G. 1856. Neue Schlangen des Hamburgischen Naturhistorischen Museums. Abhandl. Nat. Ver. Hamburg 3 (4): 79-116 - get paper here
  • Garman, S. 1887. On West Indian reptiles in the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Cambridge, Mass. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 24: 278-286. - get paper here
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • Gorman, George C.;Gress, Franklin 1970. Chromosome cytology of four boid snakes and a varanid lizard, with comments on the cytosystematics of primitive snakes. Herpetologica 26 (3): 308-317 - get paper here
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1864. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 6. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Mehrtens, J.M. 1987. Living snakes of the world in color. Sterling Publ. Co., hic., New York, NY: 480 pp.
  • Powell, R. & Incháustegui, S.J. 2009. Conservation of the herpetofauna of the Dominican Republic. Applied Herpetology 6: 103–122 - get paper here
  • Reynolds, R. Graham and Robert W. Henderson 2018. Boas of the World (Superfamily Booidae): A Checklist With Systematic, Taxonomic, and Conservation Assessments. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology Sep 2018, Vol. 162, No. 1: 1-58. - get paper here
  • Reynolds, R.G.; Matthew L. Niemiller; S. Blair Hedges; Alex Dornburg; Alberto R. Puente-Rolón; Liam J. Revell 2013. Molecular phylogeny and historical biogeography of West Indian boid snakes (Chilabothrus). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution - get paper here
  • Schmidt, K. P. 1921. Notes on the herpetology of Santo Domingo. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44: 7-20. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1988. West Indian Amphibian and Reptiles: A Checklist. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Contr. Biol. Geol. No. 74: 264 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Sheplan, B.R., and Schwartz, A. 1974. Hispaniolan boas of the genus Epicrates (Serpentes, Boidae) and their Antillean relationships. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 45:57-143.
  • Tolson, P.J. 1987. Phylogenetics of the boid snake genus Epicrates and Caribbean vicariance theory. Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan (715): 1-68. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werner, Franz 1930. Boidenstudien im Wiener Naturhistorischen Museum. Zool. Anz. 87 (7/8): 198-207 - get paper here
 
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