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Chioninia coctei (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1839)

IUCN Red List - Chioninia coctei - Extinct, EX

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Mabuyinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Cape Verde Giant Skink, Bibron’s Skink 
SynonymGongylus (Euprepes) coctei DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 666
Macroscincus coctei — BOULENGER 1887: 149
Macroscincus coctaei — PERACCA 1891
Macroscincus coctei — MERTENS 1955: 13
Macroscincus coctei — GREER 1976
Macroscincus coctei — BRYGOO 1985: 24
Gongylus coctei — FRANK & RAMUS 1995: 187
Macroscincus coctei — ANDREONE et al. 1998
Chioninia coctei — MIRALLES et al. 2010 
DistributionCape Verde Islands (Branco, Razo)

Type locality: Branco and Razo (fide BOCAGE 1873)  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 8299 (skin only), Coasts of Africa (in error), presented Ajuda Natural History Museum. 
CommentConservation: apparently extinct; has not been found since 1898 (fide GREER 1976, Chapple et al. 2020, in prep.).

Type Species: Euprepes coctei DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839 is the type species of the genus Macroscincus Bocage, 1873. 
EtymologyNamed after Dr. Jean Theodore Cocteau (1798-1838), a physician and scientist.  
  • ANDREONE, F. 2000. Herpetological observations on Cape Verde: a tribute to the Italian naturalist LEONARDO FEA, with complementary notes on Macroscincus coctei (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1839). Herpetozoa 13 - get paper here
  • Andreone, Franco & Fabio M. Guarino 2003. Giant and long-lived? Age structure in Macroscincus coctei, an extinct skink from Cape Verde. Amphibia-Reptilia 24 (4): 459-470 - get paper here
  • Andreone, Franco; Gavetti, Elena 1998. Some remarkable specimens of the giant Cape Verde skink, Macroscincus coctei (Dumeril & Bibron, 1839), with notes about its distribution and causes of its possible extinction. ITALIAN JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY (MODENA) 65 (4): 413-421 - get paper here
  • Andreone, Franco; Stefano Mazzotti, Giannantonio Zanata 2010. Collezioni erpetologiche dimenticate? L’esempio del Museo “G. G. Galletti” di Domodossola e del Museo Museo “G. Scarpa” di Treviso. Forgotten herpetological collections? The example of the Museo “G. G. Galletti” of Domodossola and the Museo “G. Scarp Museologia Scientifica Memorie 2010 (5): 137-147
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bocage, J.V.B. du 1873. Note sur l’habitat et Lesotho charactères du Macroscincus coctei (Euprepes coctei Dum. et Bib.). J. Sci. Math. Phys. Nat. (16), 1-12 [reprint in J. Zool. 3: 1-15]
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575 pp. - get paper here
  • Brygoo, E.R. 1985. Les types des scincidés (Reptiles, Sauriens) du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, catalogue critique. Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. (4e sér.) 7 (sect. A 3), suppl.: 1-126
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol. 5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Greer,A.E. 1976. Of the evolution of the giant Cape Verde scincid lizard Macroscincus coctei. Journal of Natural History 10: 691-712 - get paper here
  • Joseph-Ouni, M. 2003. Profiles of extinction #4: Cape Verde Giant Skink. Reptilia (GB) (30): 3 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1955. Die Eidechsen der Kapverden. Soc. Sci. fenn. Comment. biol. 15: 1-16
  • Miralles, A.; Vasconcelos, R.; Perera, A.; Harris, D.J. & Carranza, S. 2010. An integrative taxonomic revision of the Cape Verdean skinks (Squamata, Scincidae). Zoologica Scripta 40: 16-44 [2011], DOI: 10.1111/j.1463-6409.2010.00453.x - get paper here
  • Peracca, M.G. 1891. Osservazioni suI Macroscincus Coctaei Dum. e Bibr. Bollettino dei Musei di Zoologia ed Anatomia comparata della R. Universita di Torino, 6(107): 1-5
  • Peracca, M.G. 1891. Note erpetologiche III e IV. III. Sulla oviparita del Macroscincus coctaei Dum. e Bibr.; IV. Svernamento della Damonia reevesii Gray allo stato libero. Bollettino dei Musei di Zoologia ed Anatomia comparata della R. Universita di Torino, 6(105): 1-2
  • Schleich, H. H. 1979. Der Kapverdische Riesenskink, Macroscincus coctei, eine ausgestorbene Echse? NATUR UND MUSEUM (FRANKFURT AM MAIN) 109 (5): 133-138
  • Schleich,H.H. 1982. Letzte Nachforschungen zum Kapverdischen Riesenskink, Macroscincus coctei (D. & B.). Salamandra 18 (1-2): 78-85 - get paper here
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