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Chioninia delalandii (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1839)

IUCN Red List - Chioninia delalandii - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Mabuyinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymEuprepes delalandii DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 690
Euprepis venustus GIRARD 1857
Euprepes Delalandii — BOCAGE 1866: 44
Mabuia delalandii — BOULENGER 1887: 158
Mabuia delalandii — MERTENS 1955: 9
Mabuya delalandii — JOGER 1993
Mabuya delalandii — GREER & NUSSBAUM 2000
Mabuya delalandii — BREHM et al. 2001
Chioninia delalandii — MAUSFELD et al. 2002
Chioninia delalandii — KÖHLER et al. 2007 
DistributionCape Verde Islands

Type locality: see comment  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 263 (= MNHP 2818), Cape of Good Hope, South Africa (in error), collected Delalande.
Holotype: USNM 12205 [Euprepis venustus] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus). The genus Chioninia represents the only lineage of skinks from the Cape Verde archipelago, from which it is endemic. It differs from other African, Asian and American genera formerly included in the genus Mabuya sensu lato by the following combination of characters: palatine bones in contact in the median; palatal notch separating the pterygoids, extending forwards to between the centre of the eyes; pterygoid teeth absent or present; 26–27 presacral vertebrae; reproduction either viviparous or ovoviviparous; the most posterior supraocular contacted by the frontal is always the third (Mausfeld et al. 2002); and supranasals are always in contact (Miralles et al. 2010). 
CommentInterparietal and parietals fused (unique in skinks).

Distribution: The type locality was erroneously reported as “cap de Bonne-Espérance” by DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839.

Type species: Euprepes delalandii DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 690 is the type species of the genus Chioninia GRAY 1845. See Art. 69, ICZN 1999. 
EtymologyNamed after Pierre Antoine Delalande (1787-1823) who worked for the Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris. He collected in South America and South Africa with Andrew Smith (1818) and others. Later Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire employed him as a taxidermist. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bocage,J.V. du B. 1866. Lista dos reptis das possessões portuguezas d'Africa occidental que existem no Museu Lisboa. Jorn. Sci. Math. Phys. Nat. Lisboa 1: 37-56 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575 pp. - get paper here
  • Brehm, A.; J. Jesus; M. Pinheiro and D. J. Harris 2001. Relationships of Scincid Lizards (Mabuya spp; Reptilia: Scincidae) from the Cape Verde Islands Based on Mitochondrial and Nuclear DNA Sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 19 (2): 311–316 - get paper here
  • Bretzel, Joachim 2018. Die Kapverden – ein herpetologischer Reisebericht. Terraria-Elaphe 2018 (6): 48-58 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol. 5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Greer, A.E., Arnold, C. & Arnold, E.N. 2000. The systematic significance of the number of presacral vertebrae in the scincid lizard genus Mabuya. Amphibia-Reptilia 21 (1): 121-126 - get paper here
  • Greer,A.E. 1976. Of the evolution of the giant Cape Verde scincid lizard Macroscincus coctei. Journal of Natural History 10: 691-712 - get paper here
  • Greer,A.E. & NUSSBAUM,R.A. 2000. New character useful in the systematics of the scincid lizard genus Mabuya. Copeia 2000 (2): 615-618 - get paper here
  • Joger U 1993. On two collections of reptiles and amphibians from the Cape Verde Islands, with descriptions of three new taxa. COURIER FORSCHUNGSINSTITUT SENCKENBERG 159: 437-444
  • Köhler, G.; Hertz, A.; Sunyer, J.; Seipp, R. & Monteiro, A. 2007. Herpetologische Forschungen auf den Kapverden unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des Kapverdischen Riesenskinks, Macroscincus coctei. Elaphe 15 (4): 62-66
  • Mausfeld, Patrick; Andreas SCHMITZ; Wolfgang BÖHME; Bernhard MISOF; Davor VRCIBRADIC; Carlos Frederico Duarte ROCHA 2002. Phylogenetic Affinities of Mabuya atlantica Schmidt, 1945, Endemic to the Atlantic Ocean Archipelago of Fernando de Noronha (Brazil): Necessity of Partitioning the Genus Mabuya Fitzinger, 1826 (Scincidae: Lygosominae). Zool. Anz. 241: 281–293 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1955. Die Eidechsen der Kapverden. Soc. Sci. fenn. Comment. biol. 15: 1-16
  • Miralles, A.; Vasconcelos, R.; Perera, A.; Harris, D.J. & Carranza, S. 2010. An integrative taxonomic revision of the Cape Verdean skinks (Squamata, Scincidae). Zoologica Scripta 40: 16-44 [2011], DOI: 10.1111/j.1463-6409.2010.00453.x - get paper here
  • Pinheiro, M. 1989. Mabuya delalandii (Dum. & Bibr.) e Mabuya vaillanti Blgr. (Sauria, Scincidae) do arquipe´lago de Cabo Verde. Garcia de Orta Sér. Zool. 13: 49–55.
  • RÖSLER, H. & W. WRANIK: 2009. Brief Description of the Husbandry and Propagation of Chioninia delalandii (Duméril & Bibron, 1839) in a Terrarium (Reptilia: Sauria: Scincidae). Sauria 31 (1): 41-43 - get paper here
  • Schleich, H.H. 1987. Herpetofauna caboverdiana. Spixiana Suppl. (12) 75 pp. - get paper here
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