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Chioninia vaillantii (BOULENGER, 1887)

IUCN Red List - Chioninia vaillantii - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Mabuyinae (Mabuyini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesChioninia vaillantii vaillantii BOULENGER 1887
Chioninia vaillantii xanthotis MIRALLES, VASCONCELOS, PERERA, HARRIS & CARRANZA 2010 
Common NamesE: Vaillant's Mabuya 
SynonymMabuia vaillanti BOULENGER 1887: 159
Mabuya vaillantii — GREER 1976
Mabuya vaillantii — BREHME et al. 2001
Chioninia vaillantii — MAUSFELD et al. 2002

Chioninia vaillantii xanthotis MIRALLES, VASCONCELOS, PERERA, HARRIS & CARRANZA 2010
Chioninia vaillantii xanthotis — BRETZEL 2018 
DistributionCape Verde Islands (S. Thiago, Fogo, Rhombos)

Type locality: S. Thiago = St Jago, Cape Verde Islands

xanthotis: Cape Verde Islands (Fogo); Type locality: near Mosteiros, Fogo, Cape Verde Islands.  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.8.18.25-29 (formerly, collected Rev. R.T. Lowe.
Holotype: BMNH 2000.9, Unsexed adult, Carranza; Paratype. BMNH 2000.8, , Mateo & Geniez (1997) [xanthotis] 
CommentBased on morphological characters, the two sympatric species M. delalandii and M. vaillanti are considered to form a closely related group (Greer, 1976; Pinheiro, 1989; Joger, 1993). They possess fused interparietals and parietals (unique in skinks) and retain 26 presacral vertebrae, which is typical in Mabuya (Greer et al., 2000). The remaining species in the Cape Verde islands usually have 27 presacral vertebrae. 
EtymologyNamed after Professor Leon Louis Vaillant (1834-1914), a zoologist, herpetologist, ichthyologist, and malacologist at Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575 pp. - get paper here
  • Brehm, A.; J. Jesus; M. Pinheiro and D. J. Harris 2001. Relationships of Scincid Lizards (Mabuya spp; Reptilia: Scincidae) from the Cape Verde Islands Based on Mitochondrial and Nuclear DNA Sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 19 (2): 311–316 - get paper here
  • Bretzel, Joachim 2018. Die Kapverden – ein herpetologischer Reisebericht. Terraria-Elaphe 2018 (6): 48-58 - get paper here
  • Greer, A.E., Arnold, C. & Arnold, E.N. 2000. The systematic significance of the number of presacral vertebrae in the scincid lizard genus Mabuya. Amphibia-Reptilia 21 (1): 121-126 - get paper here
  • Greer,A.E. 1976. Of the evolution of the giant Cape Verde scincid lizard Macroscincus coctei. Journal of Natural History 10: 691-712 - get paper here
  • Joger U 1993. On two collections of reptiles and amphibians from the Cape Verde Islands, with descriptions of three new taxa. COURIER FORSCHUNGSINSTITUT SENCKENBERG 159: 437-444
  • Mausfeld, Patrick; Andreas SCHMITZ; Wolfgang BÖHME; Bernhard MISOF; Davor VRCIBRADIC; Carlos Frederico Duarte ROCHA 2002. Phylogenetic Affinities of Mabuya atlantica Schmidt, 1945, Endemic to the Atlantic Ocean Archipelago of Fernando de Noronha (Brazil): Necessity of Partitioning the Genus Mabuya Fitzinger, 1826 (Scincidae: Lygosominae). Zool. Anz. 241: 281–293 - get paper here
  • Miralles, A.; Vasconcelos, R.; Perera, A.; Harris, D.J. & Carranza, S. 2010. An integrative taxonomic revision of the Cape Verdean skinks (Squamata, Scincidae). Zoologica Scripta 40: 16-44 [2011], DOI: 10.1111/j.1463-6409.2010.00453.x - get paper here
  • Pinheiro, M. 1989. Mabuya delalandii (Dum. & Bibr.) e Mabuya vaillanti Blgr. (Sauria, Scincidae) do arquipe´lago de Cabo Verde. Garcia de Orta Sér. Zool. 13: 49–55.
  • Schleich, H.H. 1987. Herpetofauna caboverdiana. Spixiana Suppl. (12) 75 pp. - get paper here
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