You are here » home advanced search search results Chironius flavolineatus

Chironius flavolineatus (JAN, 1863)

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Chironius flavolineatus?

Add your own observation of
Chironius flavolineatus »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Boettger's Sipo
Portuguese: Acutimboia, Acutioia, Boitipó, Caninana-Marrom-Listrada, Cipó, Cobra-Cipó, Cobra-Espada, Sacaiboia 
SynonymColuber flavolineatus REINWARDT in BOIE 1826 (nomen nudum)
Herpetodryas carinatus var. flavolineata JAN 1863: 80
Herpetodryas flavolineatus BOETTGER 1885: 234
Herpetodryas carinatus var. flavolineata FITZINGER — JAN 1863
Herpetodryas carinatus (not of LINNAEUS) — BOULENGER 1894
Herpetodryas carinatus var. flavolineata — BOETTGER 1898: 55
Chironius flavolineatus — BAILEY 1955: 13
Chironius flavolineatus — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 60
Chironius flavolineatus — LEHR 2002: 204
Chironius flavolineatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 160
Chironius flavolineatus — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019 
DistributionBrazil (Alagoas, Bahia, NE Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Sao Paulo, Rio Grande do Sul, Ilha de Marajo, Para, Goias, Minas Gerais, Paraná [HR 27: 216], Amazonas, Amapá, S Ceará, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Norte, Sergipe, Tocantins, Maranhão, Piauí),
NE Paraguay, C Bolivia, Peru

Type locality: Brazil, no specific locality by original designation (Jan 1863)  
TypesLectotype: MSNM 2729 (Milano), designated by HAMDAN et al. 2014 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: This is the only species of Chironius with a bright yellow vertebral stripe which is bordered anteriorly by black sides above the first scale row [DIXON et al. 1993: 105].

Diagnosis. Chironius flavolineatus can be distinguished from all congeners by the following unique combination of states of character: first third of body black or dark gray; vertebral stripe yellowish or creamish white, distinct from dorsals of nape and extending throughout almost whole body length; head dorsum tan to brown, distinct from background color of first third of body; posterior temporal scale one; cloacal shield divided; maximum of two rows of keeled dorsal scales at midbody; ventral ground color completely creamish white or yellowish without ornamentation; dark longitudinal stripes (in “zigzag”) along midventral portion of subcaudals absent; hemipenis with no spinules separating calyces of apex from spines below region of constriction on asulcate side; sulcus spermaticus positioned on concave face of hemipenis in lateral view; ascending process of premaxilla perpendicular to longitudinal axis of skull; optic fenestra exceeding frontoparietal suture; posterior border of supratemporal not exceeding braincase; dorsoventral axis of quadrate straight, not moving away from longitudinal axis of skull [HAMDAN & FERNANDES 2015].

Comparisons. Chironius flavolineatus is distinguished from all currently recognized congeners, except C. diamantina, by having first third of body black or dark gray, vertebral stripe yellowish or creamish white, distinct from dorsals of nape and extending throughout almost whole body length, and head dorsum tan to brown distinct from background color of first third of body. Chironius flavolineatus differs from Chironius diamantina (character states in parentheses) by having posterior temporals frequently one (vs. two to four); cloacal shield divided (vs. entire); number of rows of keeled dorsal scales at midbody 0–4 (vs. 6–10 rows of keeled dorsal scales at midbody); ventral and subcaudal scales creamish white without pigmentation (vs. ventral scales with dark edges forming conspicuous transverse bars virtually throughout whole belly and conspicuous dark longitudinal stripes in “zigzag” at midventral suture of subcaudals) [HAMDAN & FERNANDES 2015].

Variation: C. flavolineatus shows no ontogenetic change in color pattern, although C. diamantina (Fernandes & Hamdan 2014) and C. brazili present such variation. 
CommentAuthorship: According to PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA (1970), Boettger (1885) described this species. However, HAMDAN et al. 2014 suggested that JAN is the correct author.

Distribution: this species has been reported from Peru, but without specific locality (T. Doan, pers. comm. 30 Apr 2012). For more localities see HAMDAN et al. 2014, and map in HAMDAN & FERNANDES 2015 (Fig. 6). See map in Nogueira et al. 2019.

Habitat: This species is found on in grass steppes (savanna), and in caatinga-agreste- savanna formations. Semi-arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018).

Sympatry: Chironius flavolineatus and C. brazili show some level of sympatry, but C. brazili generally occurs in altitudes from 700–900 m asl, while C. flavolineatus is more commonly found in altitudes from100–400 m asl. Chironius diamantina is apparently restricted to Caatinga biome (Fernandes & Hamdan 2014) and no sympatry with C. flavolineatus or C. brazili was observed [HAMDAN & FERNANDES 2015].

Similar species: Chironius brazili, and C. diamantina 
  • ANDRADE LIMA, J.H., DIAS, E.G., COSTA, R.D.L., SILVA, F.J., LIMA, E.S.M., SANTOS, E.M., KOKUBUM, M.N.C. 2021. Lizards and snakes of Refúgio de Vida Silvestre Matas do Siriji, an Atlantic Forest hotspot of the Pernambuco Endemism Center, Northeastern Brazil. Biota Neotropica 21 (2): e20201106 - get paper here
  • Aximiof, Izar, Cintra, Heitor and Pontes, Jorge 2017. Chironius flavolineatus (Boettger's Sipo) Diet and habitat use. Herpetological Review 48 (1): 205 - get paper here
  • Bailey, Joseph R. 1955. The snakes of the genus Chironius in southeastern South America. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (571): 1-21 - get paper here
  • BERNARDE, P.S., ALBUQUERQUE, S., BARROS, T.O. & TURCI, L.C.B. 2012. Snakes of Rondônia State, Brazil. Biota Neotropica 12 (3): - get paper here
  • BERNARDE, P.S., ALBUQUERQUE, S., BARROS, T.O. & TURCI, L.C.B. 2012. Serpentes do Estado de Rondônia, Brasil. Biota Neotropica 12 (3): 1-29 - get paper here
  • Boettger, O. 1885. Liste von Reptilien und Batrachiern aus Paraguay. Zeitschr. Naturw. 58 (3): 213-248 - get paper here
  • Cacciali, Pier; Hugo Cabral 2015. The genus Chironius (Serpentes, Colubridae) in Paraguay: composition, distribution, and morphology. Basic and Applied Herpetology 29: - get paper here
  • Cacciali, Pier; Norman J. Scott, Aida Luz Aquino Ortíz, Lee A. Fitzgerald, and Paul Smith 2016. The Reptiles of Paraguay: Literature, Distribution, and an Annotated Taxonomic Checklist. SPECIAL PUBLICATION OF THE MUSEUM OF SOUTHWESTERN BIOLOGY, NUMBER 11: 1–373 - get paper here
  • Castro, Deborah Praciano de; Sarah Mângia, Felipe de Medeiros Magalhães, David Lucas Röhr, Felipe Camurugi, Ricardo Rodrigues da Silveira Filho, Margarida Maria Xavier da Silva, John Allyson Andrade-Oliveira, Tiago Agostinho de Sousa, Frederico Gusta 2019. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga VI: The Ubajara National Park, Ceará, Brazil. Herpetology Notes 12: 727-742 - get paper here
  • Colli, Guarino R.;Péres, Ayrton K. 1997. Geographic Distribution. Chironius flavolineatus. Herpetological Review 28 (3): 158 - get paper here
  • Colli, Guarino R.;Péres, Ayrton K. 1998. Geographic Distribution. Chironius flavolineatus. Herpetological Review 29 (1): 53 - get paper here
  • Cunha, O.R. de & Nascimento, R.P do 1982. Ofídios da Amazônia. XV - As espécies de Chironius da Amazônia Oriental (Pará, Amapá e Maranhão) (Ophidia : Colubridae). Mem. Inst. Butantan 46: 139-172 - get paper here
  • Dixon J R; Wiest J A Jr; Cei J M 1993. Revision of the Neotropical snake genus Chironius Fitzinger (Serpentes, Colubridae). MUSEO REGIONALE DI SCIENZE NATURALI MONOGRAFIE (TURIN) 13 :1-280
  • Dubeux, M. J. M., Araújo Neto, J. V. D., Triburcio, I. C. S., Lisboa, B. S., Torquato, S., Freitas, M. A. D., ... & Mott, T. 2022. A “hotspot” within a hotspot: the reptiles of the Estação Ecológica and Área de Proteção Ambiental de Murici, Atlantic Forest of northeastern Brazil. Biota Neotropica, 22: 1-14 - get paper here
  • FERNANDES, DANIEL SILVA & BRENO HAMDAN 2014. A new species of Chironius Fitzinger, 1826 from the state of Bahia, Northeastern Brazil (Serpentes: Colubridae). Zootaxa 3881 (6): 563–575 - get paper here
  • FORLANI, M.C., BERNARDO, P.H., HADDAD, C.B.F. & ZAHER, H. 2010. Herpetofauna of the Carlos Botelho State Park, São Paulo State, Brazil. Biota Neotropica 10 (3): 265-309 - get paper here
  • Franca, F.G.R.; Daniel O. Mesquita, Cristiano C. Nogueira, and Alexandre F. B. Araújo 2008. Phylogeny and Ecology Determine Morphological Structure in a Snake Assemblage in the Central Brazilian Cerrado. Copeia 2008 (1): 23-38 - get paper here
  • Freitas, M.A.; D. Veríssimo; V. Uhlig. 2012. Squamate Reptiles of the central Chapada Diamantina, with a focus on the municipality of Mucugê, state of Bahia, Brazil. Check List 8(1):16-22 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de 2014. Squamate reptiles of the Atlantic Forest of northern Bahia, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1020-1030 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de; Arthur Diesel Abegg, Daniel da Silva Araújo, Hugo Estevam de Almeida Coelho, Weverton dos Santos Azevedo, Márcio Frazão Chaves, Geraldo Jorge Barbosa de Moura 2019. Herpetofauna of five "Brejos de Altitude" of the interior of the state of Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 12: 591-602 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de; Guarino R. Colli, Omar Machado Entiauspe-Neto, Luiz Trinchão, Daniel Araújo, Tiago de Oliveira Lima, Daniella Pereira Fagundes de França, Renato Gaiga, Pedro Dias 2016. Snakes of Cerrado localities in western Bahia, Brazil. Check List 12 (3): 1896 - get paper here
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • Guerra, V., Ramalho, W. P., Machado, I. F., & Brandão, R. A. 2022. Herpetofauna of the Serra do Tombador Nature Reserve, State of Goiás, Central Brazil. Arquivos de Zoologia, 53(3), 33-51 - get paper here
  • Hamdan, B. & R. M. Lira-da-Silva 2012. The snakes of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil: species richness, composition and biogeographical notes. Salamandra 48 (1): 31-50 - get paper here
  • HAMDAN, BRENO & DANIEL S. FERNANDES 2015. Taxonomic revision of Chironius flavolineatus (Jan, 1863) with description of a new species (Serpentes: Colubridae). Zootaxa 4012 (1): 097–119 - get paper here
  • HAMDAN, BRENO; STEFANO SCALI, DANIEL SILVA FERNANDES 2014. On the identity of Chironius flavolineatus (Serpentes: Colubridae). Zootaxa 3794: 134–142 - get paper here
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • Hollis, J.L. 2006. Phylogenetics of the genus Chironius Fitzinger 1826 (Serpenes, Colubridae) based on morphology. Herpetologica 62 (4): 435-452 - get paper here
  • JORGE, R. F., & PEÑA, A. P. 2022. REPTILES FROM AN URBAN PARK IN THE CERRADO OF CENTRAL BRAZIL. Herpetological Conservation and Biology, 17(2), 413-422 - get paper here
  • Lehr, E. 2002. Amphibien und Reptilien in Peru. Natur und Tier-Verlag (Münster), 208 pp. - get paper here
  • Madella-Auricchio, Cláudia Renata; Paulo Auricchio Enio Saraiva Soares 2017. Reptile species composition in the Middle Gurguéia and comparison with inventories in the eastern Parnaíba River Basin, State of Piauí, Brazil. Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia 57(28): 375-386, - get paper here
  • Marques R, Mebert K, Fonseca É, Rödder D, Solé M, Tinôco MS 2016. Composition and natural history notes of the coastal snake assemblage from Northern Bahia, Brazil. ZooKeys 611: 93-142. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.611.9529 - get paper here
  • Marques, R., D. Rödder, M. Solé & M. S. Tinôco 2017. Diversity and habitat use of snakes from the coastal Atlantic rainforest in northeastern Bahia, Brazil. Salamandra 53 (1): 34-43 - get paper here
  • Marques, R., M.S. Tinôco, D. Couto- Ferreira, C.P. Fazolato, H.C. Browne-Ribeiro, M.L.O. Travassos, M.A. Dias & J.V.L. Mota 2011. Reserva Imbassaí Restinga: inventory of snakes on the northern coast of Bahia, Brazil. Journal of Threatened Taxa 3 (11): 2184–2191 - get paper here
  • Mascarenhas, Wilmara; Cicero R Oliveira, Robson W. Ávila, Samuel C. Ribeiro 2020. Defensive Behaviour of Chironius flavolineatus Jan, 1863 (Serpentes: Colubridae) in Northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 13: 607-608 - get paper here
  • Mesquita, Daniel Oliveira; Brygida Alves, Carmem Pedro, Daniel Laranjeiras, Francis Caldas, Isabella Pedrosa, Jefter Rodrigues, Leandro Drummond, Lucas Cavalcanti, Milena Wachlevski, Paulo Nogueira-Costa, Rafaela França, Frederico França 2018. Herpetofauna in two habitat types (tabuleiros and Stational Semidecidual Forest) in the Reserva Biológica Guaribas, northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 11: 455-474 - get paper here
  • Nascimento de Oliveira, Camila; Sérgio Luiz da Silva Muniz, Geraldo Jorge Barbosa de Moura 2016. Reptiles of an urban Atlantic Rainforest fragment in the state of Pernambuco, northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 9: 175-183 - get paper here
  • Neves MO, Yves A, Pereira EA, Alves L, Vasques JB, Coelho JFT, Silva PS 2019. Herpetofauna in a highly endangered area: the Triângulo Mineiro region, in Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Herpetozoa 32: 113-123 - get paper here
  • Nogueira, Cristiano C.; Antonio J.S. Argôlo, Vanesa Arzamendia, Josué A. Azevedo, Fausto E. Barbo, Renato S. Bérnils, Bruna E. Bolochio, Marcio Borges-Martins, Marcela Brasil-Godinho, Henrique Braz, Marcus A. Buononato, Diego F. Cisneros-Heredia, 2019. Atlas of Brazilian snakes: verified point-locality maps to mitigate the Wallacean shortfall in a megadiverse snake fauna. South American J. Herp. 14 (Special Issue 1):1-274 - get paper here
  • OLIVEIRA, P.M.A., MELLO, A.V.A., DUBEUX, M.J.M., OLIVEIRA, S.B.A., LOURENÇO, G.F., NUNES, P.M.S. 2021. Herpetofauna of Matas de Água Azul, an Atlantic Forest remnant in Serra do Mascarenhas, Pernambuco state, Brazil. Biota Neotropica 21 (2): e20201063 - get paper here
  • Pillai, R., Nordberg, E., Riedel, J. & Schwarzkopf, L. 2020. Geckos cling best to, and prefer to use, rough surfaces. Front Zool 17: 32 - get paper here
  • Pinto, Roberta Richard; Marques, Otavio Augusto Vuolo; Fernandes, Ronaldo 2010. Reproductive biology of two sympatric colubrid snakes, Chironius flavolineatus and Chironius quadricarinatus, from the Brazilian Cerrado domain. Amphibia-Reptilia 31 (4): 463-473 - get paper here
  • Ramalho, Werther Pereira; Vinícius Guerra Batista; Luciano Roberto Passos Lozi 2014. Anfíbios e répteis do médio rio Aporé, estados de Mato Grosso do Sul e Goiás, Brasil. Neotropical Biology and Conservation 9 (3): 147-160; doi: 10.4013/nbc.2014.93.04 - get paper here
  • Ribeiro, S. C., I. J. Roberto, D. L. Sales, R. W. Ávila & W. O. Almeida 2012. Amphibians and reptiles from the Araripe bioregion, northeastern Brazil. Salamandra 48 (3): 133-146 - get paper here
  • Roberto, I. J. and Souza, A. R. 2020. Review of prey items recorded for snakes of the genus Chironius (Squamata, Colubridae), including the first record of Osteocephalus as prey. Herpetology Notes 13: 1-5. - get paper here
  • Roberto, I. J., R. W. Ávila & A. R. Melgarejo 2015. Répteis (Testudines, Squamata, Crocodylia) da reserva biológica de Pedra Talhada. In: Atuder, A., l. Nusbaumer & R. Spichiger (eds.). biodiversidade da reserva biológica de Pedra talhada (alagoas, Pernambuco - brasil). Boissiera 68: 357-375 - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, M.T. 2003. Herpetofauna da Caatinga. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • Sampaio ILR, Santos CP, França RC, Pedrosa IMMC, Solé M, França FGR 2018. Ecological diversity of a snake assemblage from the Atlantic Forest at the south coast of Paraíba, northeast Brazil. ZooKeys 787: 107-125 - get paper here
  • Santos, D.L.; S.P. Andrade; E.P. Victor-Jr.; W. Vaz-Silva 2014. Amphibians and reptiles from southeastern Goiás, Central Brazil. Check List 10 (1): 131-148 - get paper here
  • Sawaya, Ricardo Jannini; Otavio Augusto Vuolo Marques <br />& Marcio Martins 2008. Composition and natural history of a Cerrado snake assemblage at Itirapina, São Paulo state, southeastern Brazil Biota Neotropica 8 (2): 127-149 - get paper here
  • Silva, M.C. da, R.H. de Oliveira, D.H. Morais, R.A. Kawashita-Ribeiro, E.S. de Brito & R.W. Ávila 2015. Amphibians and reptiles of a Cerrado area in Primavera do Leste Municipality, Mato Grosso State, Central Brazil. Salamandra 51 (2): 187-194 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal, O., Echevarría, L.Y., Lobos, S.E., Venegas, P.J., Kok, P.J.R. 2018. Phylogeny, diversity and biogeography of Neotropical sipo snakes (Serpentes: Colubrinae: Chironius). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 130: 315-329 - get paper here
  • Vitt, L. J.; Caldwell, J. P.; Colli, G. R.; Garda, A. A.; Mesquita, D. O.; França, F. G. R. e Balbino, S. F. 2002. Um guia fotográfico dos répteis e anfíbios da região do Jalapão no Cerrado brasileiro. Norman, Oklahoma: Special Publications in Herpetology. San Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Zaher, Hussam; Fausto Erritto BarboI; Paola Sanchez Martínez; Cristiano Nogueira; Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues; Ricardo Jannini Sawaya 2011. Répteis do Estado de São Paulo: conhecimento atual e perspectivas. Biota Neotropica, 11 (1): 1–15. - get paper here
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:

As link to this species use URL address:

without field 'search_param'. Field 'search_param' is used for browsing search result.

Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator