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Chlamydosaurus kingii GRAY, 1825

IUCN Red List - Chlamydosaurus kingii - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Amphibolurinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Frilled Lizard, frillneck lizard
G: Kragenechse 
SynonymClamydosaurus [sic] kingii GRAY 1825: 197
Chlamydosaurus kingii — GRAY in KING 1827: 244 (nom. emend.)
Chlamydosaurus Kingii — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 441
Chlamydosaurus kingii — BOULENGER 1885: 401
Chlamydosaurus kingi — DE ROOIJ 1915: 126
Chlamydosaurus kingii — COGGER 1983
Chlamydosaurus kingii — MANTHEY & SCHUSTER 1999: 42
Chlamydosaurus kingii — COGGER 2000: 305
Chlamydosaurus kingii — WILSON & SWAN 2010
Chlamydosaurus kingii mickpughi HOSER 2012
Chlamydosaurus kingii pughae HOSER 2012
Chlamydosaurus kingii — CHAPPLE et al. 2019 
DistributionPapua New Guinea, Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia)

Type locality: Australia. Restricted to Port Nelson, NW coast of Australia by Gray, 1826/1827. Also given as Careening Bay, WA.  
Reproductionoviparous. Exhibits temperature‐dependent sex determination (TSD) fide Cornejo-Páramo et al. 2020 (and references therein). 
TypesHolotype: lost, formerly RCSHC = RCL, fide COGGER 1983, Melville et al. 2018: 42 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: easily recognizable by the large, loose “frill” of skin around neck, which is unique to this genus and species. 
CommentType species: Chlamydosaurus kingii GRAY 1825 is the type species of the genus Chlamydosaurus GRAY 1825.

Synonymy: KAISER et al. 2013 rejected all names coined by HOSER in or after 2000.

Population structure: Pepper et al. 2016 showed 3 clearly genetically separated allopatric populations along the northern coast of Australia in this species. However, they did not name them as separate taxa. 
Etymologynamed after Captain and Admiral Philip Parker King (1791-1856), Australian-born British marine surveyor and collector. 
  • Badger, D. & Netherton, J. 2002. LIZARDS: A NATURAL HISTORY OF SOME UNCOMMON CREATURES—EXTRAORDI- NARY CHAMELEONS, IGUANAS, GECKOS, AND MORE. Voyageur Press, Stillwater, Minnesota, ISBN 0-89658-520-4, 160 pp.
  • Beddard, F.E. 1905. A contribution to the anatomy of the frilled lizard (Chlamydosaurus kingi) and some other Agamidae. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1905: 9-22 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bonetti, Mathilde 2002. 100 Sauri. Mondadori (Milano), 192 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1895. Remarks on the falue of certain cranial characters employed by Prof. Cope for distinguishing lizards from snakes. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 16: 366-367 - get paper here
  • Broom, R. 1898. On the lizards of the Chillagoe District, N Queensland. Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 22: 639-645 [1897] - get paper here
  • Chapple, David G.; Reid Tingley, Nicola J. Mitchell, Stewart L. Macdonald, J. Scott Keogh, Glenn M. Shea, Philip Bowles, Neil A. Cox, John C. Z. Woinarski 2019. The Action Plan for Australian Lizards and Snakes 2017. CSIRO, 663 pp. DOI: 10.1071/9781486309474 - get paper here
  • Christian, K.A. & B. Green 1994. Seasonal Energetics and Water Turnover of the Frillneck Lizard, Chlamydosaurus kingii, in the Wet-Dry Tropics of Australia Herpetologica 50 (3): 274-281. - get paper here
  • Christian, K.A., A.D. Griffiths, G. Bedford & G. Jenkin 1999. Androgen Concentrations and Behavior of Frillneck Lizards (Chlamydosaurus kingii) Journal of Herpetology 33 (1): 12-17. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Cornejo-Páramo, P., Lira-Noriega, A., Ramírez-Suástegui, C. et al. 2020. Sex determination systems in reptiles are related to ambient temperature but not to the level of climatic fluctuation. BMC Evol Biol 20: 103 - get paper here
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Escoriza Boj, D. 2005. Australia. Reptiles and Amphibians, Part 2: Desert and tropical savanna. Reptilia (GB) (41): 52-57 - get paper here
  • Garman, S. 1901. Some reptiles and batrachians from Australasia. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 39: 1-14 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1826. Reptilia. Appendix in: King, P. P. Narrative of a survey of the Intertropical and Western Coasts of Australia performed between the years 1818 and 1822. London: John Murray 2: 424-434
  • Gray, J.E. 1825. A synopsis of the genera of reptiles and Amphibia, with a description of some new species. Annals of Philosophy, 10:193—217 - get paper here
  • Griffiths, A.D. 1999. Demography and home range of the frillneck lizard, Chlamydosaurus kingii (Agamidae), in northern Australia Copeia 1999 (4): 1089-1096. - get paper here
  • Günther, R. & Kapisa, M. 2003. Allochtone Populationen der Kragenechse, Chlamydosaurus kingii GRAY, 1825, und des Papua-Wasserdrachens, Lophognathus temporalis (GÜNTHER, 1867), auf der Insel Biak. Sauria 25 (2): 31-35 - get paper here
  • Harlow, P.S. & R. Shine 1999. Temperature-Dependent Sex Determination in the Frillneck Lizard, Chlamydosaurus kingii (Agamidae) Herpetologica 55 (2): 205-212. - get paper here
  • Hauschild, A. & Bosch, H. 1997. Bartagamen und Kragenechsen. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 95 pp. [review in Draco 5 (22): 87] - get paper here
  • Hörenberg, T. 2004. Ein echter Saurier im Terrarium: Die australische Kragenechse (Chlamydosaurus kingii). Reptilia (Münster) 9 (50): 68-73 - get paper here
  • Hörenberg, Thomas 2008. Die Kragenechse Chlamydosaurus kingii. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 64 pp. [review in Elaphe 17 (1): 29] - get paper here
  • Hoser, R.T. 2012. Two new subspecies of frill-necked lizards (Squamata: Sauria: Agamidae). Australasian J. Herpetol. 14:24–26. - get paper here
  • Kaiser, H.; Crother, B.I.; Kelly, C.M.R.; Luiselli, L.; O’Shea, M.; Ota, H.; Passos, P.; Schleip, W.D. & Wüster, W. 2013. Best Practices: In the 21st Century, Taxonomic Decisions in Herpetology are Acceptable Only When Supported by a Body of Evidence and Published via Peer-Review. Herpetological Review 44 (1): 8-23
  • Kent, W. Saville 1895. Observations on the Frilled Lizard, Chlamydosaurus kingi. Proc. zool. Soc. London 1895: 712-719 - get paper here
  • Macey, J. R., J. A. Schulte II, A. Larson, N. B. Ananjeva, Y. Wang, R. Pethiyagoda, N. Rastegar-Pouyani, T. J. Papenfuss 2000. Evaluating trans-Tethys migration: an example using acrodont lizard phylogenetics. Systematic Biology 49 (2): 233-256 - get paper here
  • Manthey,U. & SCHUSTER,N. 1999. Agamen, 2. Aufl. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 120 pp. - get paper here
  • McLean Claire A., Lutz Adrian, Rankin Katrina J., Elliott Adam, Moussalli Adnan and Stuart-Fox Devi 2019. Red carotenoids and associated gene expression explain colour variation in frillneck lizards. Proc. R. Soc. B - get paper here
  • Merkling, Thomas; David G. Hamilton, Borbala Cser, Nina Svedin andSarah R. Pryke 2015. Proximate mechanisms of colour variation in the frillneck lizard: geographical differences in pigment contents of an ornament. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, DOI: 10.1111/bij.12672 - get paper here
  • Middleton, S.; Fitzgerald, A. & Pye, G. 1997. Captive breeding of the Frilled Lizard, Chlamydosaurus kingii. Monitor: Journal of the Victorian Herpetological Society 9 (1):6-7
  • Montandon, Sophie A; Anamarija Fofonjka, Michel C Milinkovitch 2019. Elastic instability during branchial ectoderm development causes folding of the Chlamydosaurus erectile frill. eLife, DOI: 10.7554/eLife.44455 - get paper here
  • ORD, T. J.; D. A. KLOMP, J. GARCIA-PORTA & M. HAGMAN 2015. Repeated evolution of exaggerated dewlaps and other throat morphology in lizards. J. evol. Biol., doi: 10.1111/jeb.12709 - get paper here
  • PEACOCK, JOHN; MONICA A. BENSON, NATHANIEL T. GREENE, DANIEL J. TOLLIN & BRUCE A. YOUNG. 2022. The acoustical effect of the neck frill of the frill-necked lizard (Chlamydosaurus kingii). The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 152(1): 437–444. - get paper here
  • Pepper, M., Hamilton, D.G., Merkling, T., Svedin, N., Cser, B., Catullo, R., Pryke, S.R., Scott Keogh, J., 2016. Phylogeographic structure across one of the largest intact tropical savannahs: Molecular and morphological analysis of Australia’s iconic frilled lizard Chlamydosaurus kingii. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 106: 217-227 - get paper here
  • Perez-Martinez, C. A., Riley, J. L. and Whiting, M. J. 2020. Uncovering the function of an enigmatic display: antipredator behaviour in the iconic Australian frillneck lizard. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 129: 425–438 - get paper here
  • Reisinger, M. 1992. Chlamydosaurus kingii GRAY 1825, Haltung und Nachzucht der Australischen Kragenechse. Sauria 14 (1): 21-23 - get paper here
  • Reisinger, M. 1995. Erfahrungen bei der Haltung und Vermehrung der Kragenechse Chlamydosaurus kingi. Elaphe 3 (3): 16-20
  • Ujvari, Beata & Madsen, Thomas 2008. Complete mitochondrial genome of the frillneck lizard (Chlamydosaurus kingii, Reptilia; Agamidae), another squamate with two control regions. Mitochondr ial DNA 19(5): 465–470 - get paper here
  • Ujvari, Beata; Dowton, Mark & Madsen, Thomas 2007. Mitochondrial DNA recombination in a free-ranging Australian lizard. Biology Letters 3: 189-192 - get paper here
  • Ujvari, Beata; Dowton, Mark & Madsen, Thomas 2008. Population genetic structure, gene flow and sex-biased dispersal in frillneck lizards (Chlamydosaurus kingii). Molecular Ecology 17: 3557–3564 - get paper here
  • Werning, H. 2015. Jurassic World im Wohnzimmer. Mini-Dinos für das Terrarium. Reptilia (Münster) 20 (114): 26-37 - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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