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Cnemaspis galaxia PAL, MIRZA, DSOUZA & SHANKER, 2021

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common Names 
SynonymCnemaspis galaxia PAL, MIRZA, DSOUZA & SHANKER 2021 
DistributionIndia (Tamil Nadu)

Type locality: Srivilliputhur, Tamil Nadu (9.566°N, 77.559°E; 290 m asl)  
TypesHolotype: BNHS 2626, adult male collected by Saunak Pal and Varun Torsekar on 30th December 2011.
Paratypes: CESL 511, adult female and CESL 513, adult male; collected along with the holotype. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A small sized Cnemaspis species (SVL up to 33.5 mm) characterised by the presence of heterogenous dorsal scales, small granular scales intermixed with conical, regularly arranged, weakly keeled tubercles; absence of spine like tubercles on the flank; paired postmentals separated by a single median scale; 8 rows of middorsal tubercles; ventrals small, smooth, 153–159 scales from mental to cloaca; 27–31 midventral scales; one postcloacal spur on each side; males with 7 precloacal pores, femoral pores absent; subcaudals smooth, median row enlarged, with pairs of slightly smaller scales alternating two individual larger ones; tail with whorls of enlarged conical caudal tubercles; 7–8 supralabials to the angle of jaw; a distinct enlarged metacarpal scale below digit I; 2–3 subdigital lamellae on proximal series fragmented followed by entire, distal lamellae entire, 23–25 lamellae on digit IV of pes. (Pal et al. 2022) 
CommentGroup: Belongs to the beddomei clade. 
EtymologyNamed after the word ‘galaxy’ due to the dorsum colouration with the sun’s haze like yellow on the anterior and bluish white star like spots on a black background towards the posterior end, in the male of this species. 
  • Pal, S., Mirza, Z. A., Dsouza, P., & Shanker, K. 2021. Diversifying on the Ark: multiple new endemic lineages of dwarf geckos from the Western Ghats provide insights into the systematics and biogeography of South Asian Cnemaspis (Reptilia: Squamata). Zoological Research, 42(6): 675-691 - get paper here
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