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Cnemaspis indica GRAY, 1846

IUCN Red List - Cnemaspis indica - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Indian Day Gecko, Nilgiri Dwarf Gecko 
SynonymCnemaspis indica GRAY 1846: 429
Gonatodes indicus — BOULENGER 1885: 64
Gonatodes indicus — BOETTGER 1892: 67
Cnemaspis indica — M. A. SMITH 1935: 68
Cnemaspis indica — KLUGE 1993
Cnemaspis (Cnemaspis) indica — RÖSLER 2000: 62
Cnemaspis indica — RÖSLER 2016 
DistributionIndia (Nilghiri Hills/Travancore, Kerala, Karnataka)

Type locality: Madras Presidency, India  
TypesLectotype BMNH (male), 29.3 mm SVL, “Madras”.(designated by Manamendra-Arachchi et al. 2007), paralectotypes: BMNH 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Cnemaspis indica differs from its peninsular Indian and Sri Lankan congeners by a combination of the following characters. Maximum SVL 30.4 mm; paired postmentals separated by a medial scale; each postmental bounded by 3 scales including medial scale; ventrals, 94; dorsal scales homogeneous, imbricate, carinate; spine-like tubercles absent on flank; ventrals smooth, imbricate; no preanal pores; 5 femoral pores on each side; subcaudals smooth, median series slightly enlarged; supralabials to angle of jaws, 7; subdigital lamellae on digit IV of pes, 14 [from Manamendra-Arachchi et a. 2007]. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Boettger, O. 1892. Listen von Kriechtieren und Lurchen aus dem tropischen Asien und aus Papuasien. Ber. Tät. Offenb. Ver. Nat., Offenbach, 29 - 32: 65 - 164 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Das, Indraneil & Abhijit Das 2017. A Naturalist’s Guide to the Reptiles of India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. John Beaufoy Publishing Ltd., Oxford, 176 pp.
  • Ganesh, S.R.; S. Bhupathy, P. Karthik, G. Babu Rao & S. Babu 2020. Catalogue of herpetological specimens from peninsular India at the Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology & Natural History (SACON), India. JoTT 12 (9): 16123–16135 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1846. Descriptions of some new species of Indian Lizards. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (1) 18: 429-430 - get paper here
  • Manamendra-Arachchi, Kelum; Batuwita, Sudesh & Pethiyagoda, Rohan 2007. A taxonomic revision of the Sri Lankan day-geckos (Reptilia: Gekkonidae: Cnemaspis), with description of new species from Sri Lanka and southern India. Zeylanica 7 (1): 9-122
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Rösler H 2016. Bemerkungen über einige Geckoarten der Zoologischen Staatssammlung München. Gekkota Suppl. 3: 1-94
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
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