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Cnemaspis kolhapurensis GIRI, BAUER & GAIKWAD, 2009

IUCN Red List - Cnemaspis kolhapurensis - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Kolhapur Day Gecko 
SynonymCnemaspis kolhapurensis GIRI, BAUER & GAIKWAD 2009
Cnemaspis kolhapurensis — LIVIGNI 2013: 305 
DistributionIndia (Maharashtra)

Type locality: under a rock near Dajipur, Kolhapur District, Maharashtra, India (16°22’17” N, 73°51’52” E; 647 m elevation);.  
Reproductionoviparous (manual imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: BNHS = BNHM 1855, adult male, Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai (BNHS); collected on 6 June 2008 by Ravindra Bhambure and Harish Kulkarni. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A moderately sized Cnemaspis, snout-vent length to at least 40 mm. Dorsal scales on midbody homogenous, small and feebly keeled; no spine-like tubercles on flank. Ventrals smooth, imbricate, 20–23 scale rows across venter between lowest rows of dorsal scales. Supralabial I narrowly contacting nasal. Paired postmentals separated by one or two enlarged gular scales. A continuous series of 24–28 precloacalfemoral pores. Subdigital scansors entire, unnotched, those on the basal part are larger than on distal portion, which are narrow; an enlarged scansor present near proximal interphalangeal joint; narrow distal lamellae under digit IV of pes 10–12. Original tail cylindrical, covered above with large (larger than those on dorsum), flat, smooth, slightly imbricate scales, ventrally with three rows of smooth, imbricate, enlarged plates, of which the median row is slightly larger than the others. Yellowish- and purplish-brown dorsal color pattern with flank and vertebral markings variably developed. Original tail with a dorsal, or dorsal and lateral stripes, distinctly iridescent in oblique light. Juveniles with a broad pale dorsal stripe, fading during ontogeny (from GIRI et al. 2009). 
Etymologynamed after the type locality. 
  • Aengals, R.; V.M. Sathish Kumar & Muhamed Jafer Palot 2013. Updated Checklist of Indian Reptiles. Privately published, 24 pp.
  • Giri, V.B.; Bauer, A.M. & Gaikwad, K.S. 2009. A new ground-dwelling species of Cnemaspis Strauch (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the northern Western Ghats, Maharashtra, India. Zootaxa 2164: 49–60 - get paper here
  • KHANDEKAR, AKSHAY; TEJAS THACKERAY & ISHAN AGARWAL 2019. Two more new species of Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the northern Western Ghats, Maharashtra, India. Zootaxa 4656 (1): 043–070 - get paper here
  • LiVigni, F. (ed.) 2013. A Life for Reptiles and Amphibians, Volume 1. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 495 pp. - get paper here
  • Sayyed A, Pyron RA, Dileepkumar R. 2018. Four new species of the genus Cnemaspis Strauch, (Sauria: Gekkonidae) from the northern Western Ghats, India. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 12(2) [General Section]: 1–29 (e157) - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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