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Cnemaspis kumarasinghei MENDIS WICKRAMASINGHE & MUNINDRADASA, 2007

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesSinhala: Kumarasinhage diva huna
Tamil: Kumarasinghevin pahal palli
E: Kumarasinghe’s day gecko 
SynonymCnemaspis kumarasinghei MENDIS WICKRAMASINGHE & MUNINDRADASA 2007
Cnemaspis kumarasinghei — MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI et al. 2007 
DistributionSri Lanka

Type locality: Maragala, Monaragala, Sri Lanka, (N 06° 52’ 55.8” E 081° 23’ 09.7”, elevation 910m).  
TypesHolotype: NMSL 20061301, Adult male, 31.61 mm SVL, 27.04.2004, collected by L . J. Mendis Wickramasinghe and R.H.S.S. Fernando. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A small-sized Cnemaspis (snout to vent length 28–32 mm in an adult males), which can be distinguished from all known congeners by the following combination of characters: Postmentals separated by a small scale; nostrils are not in contact with the first supralabial; six or seven supra labials to angle of mid-orbit position and end of jaw at eight supra labials; 26 interorbitals; throat scales smooth; dorsal tubercles 61–68; dorsal tubercles small, rounded, pentagonal or hexagonal; absence of groups of carinated large scales in dorsal body; spine-like tubercles absent on flanks; midventrals 22; ventral scales smooth and imbricate; subcaudals slightly large; 2–3 preanal pores; 3–4 femoral pores on each side; 11–12 subdigital lamellae and 4 basal lamellae in the 4th finger; 12 subdigital lamellae and 6 basal lamellae in the 4th toe; dorsal tail with carinated tubercles and subimbricate scales.
C. kumarasinghei sp. nov. is congener with C. kandiana and C. retigalensis sp. nov. from morphological characters. However, C. kumarasinghei can easily be distinguished from C. kandiana by having smooth gula scales and, from C. retigalensis by having preanal scales, and also from morphometric analysis. C. kumarasinghei is found on trees in hill tops, often in male-female pairs. 
EtymologyThe species is an eponym in the Latin genitive singular honouring Siril Kumarasinghe, for his sacrifices towards conserving the wildlife in the country, eventually giving away his own life to the very cause. 
  • Agarwal, I., Biswas, S., Bauer, A.M., Greenbaum, E., Jackman, T.R., De Silva, A. & Batuwita, S. 2017. Cryptic species, taxonomic inflation, or a bit of both? New species phenomenon in Sri Lanka as suggested by a phylogeny of dwarf geckos (Reptilia, Squamata, Gekkonidae, Cnemaspis). Systematics and Biodiversity, 15, 427–439 - get paper here
  • Barts, M. 2007. Sechs neue Taggeckos aus der Gattung Cnemaspis. Draco 7 (30): 93-96 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Karunarathna, Suranjan D. M. S. and A. A. Thasun Amarasinghe 2011. A PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF THE REPTILE FAUNA IN NILGALA FOREST AND ITS VICINITY, MONARAGALA DISTRICT, SRI LANKA. Taprobanica 3 (2): 69-76 - get paper here
  • Karunarathna, Suranjan; Nikolay A. Poyarkov, Anslem de Silva, Majintha Madawala, Madhava Botejue, Vladislav A. Gorin, Thilina Surasinghe, Dinesh Gabadage, Kanishka D.B. Ukuwela & Aaron M. Bauer 2019. Integrative taxonomy reveals six new species of day geckos of the genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) from geographically-isolated hill forests in Sri Lanka. Vertebrate Zoology 69 (3): 247–298 - get paper here
  • Manamendra-Arachchi, Kelum; Batuwita, Sudesh & Pethiyagoda, Rohan 2007. A taxonomic revision of the Sri Lankan day-geckos (Reptilia: Gekkonidae: Cnemaspis), with description of new species from Sri Lanka and southern India. Zeylanica 7 (1): 9-122
  • Somaweera, R. & Somaweera, N. 2009. Lizards of Sri Lanka: a colour guide with field keys. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 304 pp.
  • VIDANAPATHIRANA, DULAN RANGA; M. D. GEHAN RAJEEV, NETHU WICKRAMASINGHE, SAMANTHA SURANJAN FERNANDO & L. J. MENDIS WICKRAMASINGHE & L. J. MENDIS WICKRAMASINGHE 2014. Cnemaspis rammalensis sp. nov., Sri Lanka’s largest day-gecko (Sauria: Gekkonidae: Cnemaspis) from Rammalakanda Man and Biosphere Reserve in southern Sri Lanka. Zootaxa 3755 (3): 273–286 - get paper here
  • Wickramasinghe, L.J. MENDIS; & D. A. I. MUNINDRADASA 2007. Review of the genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Sauria: Gekkonidae) in Sri Lanka with the description of five new species. Zootaxa 1490: 1-63 - get paper here
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