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Cnemaspis littoralis (JERDON, 1853)

IUCN Red List - Cnemaspis littoralis - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Coastal Day Gecko 
SynonymGymnodactylus littoralis JERDON 1853: 469
Gymnodactylus planipes BEDDOME 1871: 403
Gymnodactylus planiceps — GÜNTHER 1875 (in error)
Gonatodes littoralis — BOULENGER 1885: 71
Cnemaspis littoralis — SMITH 1935: 76
Cnemaspis littoralis — WERMUTH 1965: 15
Cnemaspis littoralis — KLUGE 1993
Cnemaspis (Cnemaspis) littoralis — RÖSLER 2000: 63
Cnemaspis littoralis — MURTHY et al. 2019 
DistributionIndia, Nilambur, Nellakota, Malabar, Nilghiri Hills

Type locality: coast of Malabar.

Neotype locality: Chaliyam coast, 13 km from Calicut City, Kozhikode District, Kerala, India (11.16095° N, 75.80838° E)  
TypesNeotype: ZSI/WGRC/IR/V/2377, male, designated by Cyriac & Umesh (2013). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Cnemaspis littoralis differs from all other Indian Cnemaspis by the following characters. Maximum SVL, 31.6 mm; overall slender form; few scattered spine like tubercles on flanks; dorsal scales of body and tail homogenous; 15–18 femoral pores in males; subcaudals in median row, enlarged and hexagonal; supralabials to angle of jaw, 9–10; infralabials, 7–9; basal 4–6 lamellae on digits enlarged; a distinct black spot on the nape [from cyriac & Umesh 2013] 
EtymologyNamed after the Latin noun litus, litoris, meaning "shore", referring to the habitat of the species. 
  • Beddome, R.H. 1871. Descriptions of new reptiles from the Madras Presidency. Madras Monthly J. Med. Sci., 4: 401-404 [Reprint: J. Soc. Bibliogr. Nat. Sci., London, 1 (10): 324-326, 1940] - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Cyriac, V. P. & P. K. Umesh 2013. Current status of Cnemaspis littoralis (Jerdon, 1853) (Sauria: Gekkonidae) with designation of a neotype. Taprobanica 5 (1): 36-43 - get paper here
  • Inger R F; Marx H; Koshy M 1984. An undescribed species of gekkonid lizard (Cnemaspis) from India with comments on the status of C. tropidogaster. Herpetologica 40 (2): 149-154 - get paper here
  • Inger, Robert F.;Shaffer, H. Bradley;Koshy, Mammen;Bakde, Ramesh 1984. A report on a collection of amphibians and reptiles from the Ponmudi, Kerala, South India. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 81 (3): 551-570 - get paper here
  • Jerdon, T.C. 1853. Catalogue of the Reptiles inhabiting the Peninsula of India. Part 1. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal xxii [1854]: 462-479 (1853 fide Bauer et al. 2008) - get paper here
  • M U, NEETHU & JOYCE JOSE. 2022. CNEMASPIS LITTORALIS (Coastal Day Gecko). DIET and FEEDING BEHAVIOR. Herpetological Review 53(2): 320–321.
  • Manamendra-Arachchi, Kelum; Batuwita, Sudesh & Pethiyagoda, Rohan 2007. A taxonomic revision of the Sri Lankan day-geckos (Reptilia: Gekkonidae: Cnemaspis), with description of new species from Sri Lanka and southern India. Zeylanica 7 (1): 9-122
  • Murthy, B. H. Channakeshava; A. Nitesh, Shruti Sengupta & P. Deepak 2019. A New Species of Day Gecko of the genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Squamata : Gekkonidae) from the Nilgiri Hills, Tamil Nadu, India. Rec. Zool Surv. India 119 (3) - get paper here
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
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