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IUCN Red List - Cnemaspis nilagirica - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Nilgiri Day Gecko 
DistributionIndia (Tamil Nadu, Kerala)

Type locality: “Nilgiries” (Nilgiri District, Tamil Nadu State, south-western India)  
TypesHolotype: BMNH (female), 42.3 mm SVL, purchased from Colonel Beddome (formerly a syntype of C. tropidogaster). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Cnemaspis nilagirica differs from its peninsular Indian and Sri Lankan congeners by a combination of the following characters. Maximum SVL at least 42.3 mm; paired postmentals separated by a small scale; each postmental bounded by 2 scales; dorsal scales homogeneous; spine-like tubercles present on flanks; ventrals smooth; no preanal and femoral pores in female holotype; tail with enlarged pointed scales forming whorls; subcaudals enlarged, smooth; supralabials to angle of jaw, 8; subdigital lamellae on digit IV, 16 [from MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI et al. 2007]. 
CommentAbundance: only known from the type specimen (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThe species epithet ‘nilagirica’ is a Latinized compound noun derived from the Sanskrit roots for the type locality, the Nilgiris [Blue Mountains] of southern India (nil = blue, giri = mountains), applied here as a noun in apposition. 
  • Manamendra-Arachchi, Kelum; Batuwita, Sudesh & Pethiyagoda, Rohan 2007. A taxonomic revision of the Sri Lankan day-geckos (Reptilia: Gekkonidae: Cnemaspis), with description of new species from Sri Lanka and southern India. Zeylanica 7 (1): 9-122
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
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