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Cnemaspis ornata (BEDDOME, 1870)

IUCN Red List - Cnemaspis ornata - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Ornate Day Gecko, Ornate Dwarf Gecko 
SynonymGymnodactylus ornatus BEDDOME 1870: 32
Gonatodes ornatus — BOULENGER 1885: 66
Gonatodes ornatus — ANNANDALE 1909: 253
Cnemaspis ornata – SMITH 1935: 70
Cnemaspis ornata – WERMUTH 1965: 15
Cnemaspis ornata — KLUGE 1993
Cnemaspis (Cnemaspis) ornata — RÖSLER 2000: 63
Cnemaspis ornata — MURTHY 2010: 92 
DistributionS India (Tinnevelly and Anaimalai Hills, Malabar, Travancore, Kerala, Tamil Nadu).

Type locality: South Tinnevelly Hills.  
TypesLectotype: BMNH, male, (designated by MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI et al. 2007). 42.0 mm SVL, “South Tinnevelly Hills” (Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu State, India). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Cnemaspis ornata differs from its peninsular Indian and Sri Lankan congeners by a combination of the following characters. Maximum SVL 42.0 mm; paired postmentals widely separated by a medial scale; each postmental bounded by 3 or 4 scales including medial scale; ventrals, 161; dorsal scales heterogeneous with enlarged tubercles; spine-like tubercles absent on flank; ventrals smooth, subimbricate; 6–8 preanal pores; no femoral pores; subcaudals smooth, median series with individual large, divided scales alternating with pairs of smaller undivided ones; supralabials to angle of jaws, 7–9; subdigital lamellae on digit IV of pes, 30 [from MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI et al. 2007]. 
EtymologyThe Latin ornata, -us, "decoration" or "ornament," refers to the ornate coloration. 
  • Annandale, N. 1909. Report on a small collection of lizards from Travancore. Records of the Indian Museum 3: 253-257 - get paper here
  • Beddome, R.H. 1870. Descriptions of some new lizards from the Madras Presidency. Madras Monthly J. Med. Sci. 1: 30-35
  • Bhupathy, Subramanian & N. Sathishkumar 2013. Status of reptiles in Meghamalai and its environs, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 5 (15): 4953-4961 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Inger R F; Marx H; Koshy M 1984. An undescribed species of gekkonid lizard (Cnemaspis) from India with comments on the status of C. tropidogaster. Herpetologica 40 (2): 149-154 - get paper here
  • Inger, Robert F.;Shaffer, H. Bradley;Koshy, Mammen;Bakde, Ramesh 1984. A report on a collection of amphibians and reptiles from the Ponmudi, Kerala, South India. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 81 (3): 551-570 - get paper here
  • Manamendra-Arachchi, Kelum; Batuwita, Sudesh & Pethiyagoda, Rohan 2007. A taxonomic revision of the Sri Lankan day-geckos (Reptilia: Gekkonidae: Cnemaspis), with description of new species from Sri Lanka and southern India. Zeylanica 7 (1): 9-122
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • SAYYED, AMIT; L. LEE GRISMER, PATRICK D CAMPBELL, RAVEENDRAN DILEEPKUMAR 2019. Description of a cryptic new species of Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the Western Ghats of Kerala State of India. Zootaxa 4656 (3): 501–514 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
  • Wermuth, H. 1965. Liste der rezenten Amphibien und Reptilien. Gekkonidae, Pygopodidae, Xantusiidae. Das Tierreich (80): 1—246
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