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Cnemaspis palanica PAL, MIRZA, DSOUZA & SHANKER, 2021

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common Names 
SynonymCnemaspis palanica PAL, MIRZA, DSOUZA & SHANKER 2021 
DistributionIndia (Palani hills, Tamil Nadu)

Type locality: Kookal, Palani Hills, Tamil Nadu (10.298°N, 77.364°E; ca. 1550 m asl)  
TypesHolotype: BNHS 2628, adult male collected by Saunak Pal and Mrugank Prabhu on 10th July 2011.
Paratypes: CESL 340, adult male; CESL 339 and BNHS 2629, adult females; collected along with the holotype. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A small sized Cnemaspis species (SVL up to 30.6 mm) characterised by the presence of homogenous dorsal scales, small, granular; few scattered tubercles on the flank, spinose; ventrals smooth, subimbricate, 103–106 longitudinal scales from mental to cloaca, 16–18 midventral scales; two to three pairs of postmentals, first pair separated by a single median scale, each postmental surrounded by three to four scales including median scale; males with 12 to 15 elongated femoral pores, precloacal pores absent; a pair of small postcloacal spur present; subcaudals smooth, median row enlarged; seven to eight supralabials to the angle of jaw; proximal lamellae enlarged plate like, followed by much smaller distal lamellae; 17–18 lamellae on digit IV of pes. (Pal et al. 2022) 
CommentGroup: Belongs to the littoralis clade. 
EtymologyNamed after the ‘Palani Hills’ in the SWG of Tamil Nadu, from where this species is described. 
  • Pal, S., Mirza, Z. A., Dsouza, P., & Shanker, K. 2021. Diversifying on the Ark: multiple new endemic lineages of dwarf geckos from the Western Ghats provide insights into the systematics and biogeography of South Asian Cnemaspis (Reptilia: Squamata). Zoological Research, 42(6): 675-691 - get paper here
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