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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Peninsular Rock Gecko 
Gonatodes kendalli — FLOWER 1896:833 (in part), 1899:627 (in part)
Gonatodes kendalli — RIDLEY 1899:193
Gonatodes kendalli — BOULENGER 1912:38 (in part)
Gonatodes kendalli — SWORDER 1925:63
Gonatodes kendalli — SMITH 1930:16 (in part)
Gonatodes kendalli — NICHOLLS 1949:48
Gonatodes kendallii — SMITH 1925:23 (in part)
Cnemaspis kendalli — HENRICKSON 1966:55
Cnemaspis kendalli — BULLOCK 1966:94
Cnemaspis kendalli — DRING 1979:220
Cnemaspis kendalli — DENZER & MANTHEY 1991:313
Cnemaspis kendalli — LIM & LIM 1992:122
Cnemaspis kendallii — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997:212 (in part)
Cnemaspis peninsularis — GRISMER & QUAH 2019 
DistributionPeninsular Malaysia, Singapore

Type locality: base of Gunung Ledang Johor, Peninsular Malaysia (02°20.25’ N, 102°37.11’ E) at 100 m elevation  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: LSUHC 8965, Adult female collected on 7 June 2008 by L. L. Grismer, P. L. Wood, Jr., J. L. Grismer and Chan K. O. at 1030 hrs. Paratypes. Adult male LSUHC 8966 has the same data as the holotype. Adult male LSUHC 4756 collected on 23 July 2002 by J. L. Grismer at the waterfall on Pulau Tinggi, Johor, Peninsular Malaysia (02°18.013’ N, 104°06.261 E) at 210 m in elevation. Adult male LSUHC 5731 collected on 30 August 2003 by T. A. Youmans on Pulau Babi Besar, Johor, Peninsular Malaysia (02°26.166 N, 103°58.466 E) at 55 m in elevation. Adult male LSUHC 6213 collected on 30 June 2004 by L. Lee Grismer on the Tekek-Juara Trail, Pulau Tioman, Pahang, Peninsular Malaysia (02°48.433 N, 104°9.525 E) at 260 m in elevation. Adult female LSUHC 8210 and adult male LSUHC 8126 collected on 4 September 2006 by L. L. Grismer at Selai, Lubuk Tapah, Endau-Rompin, Johor, Peninsular Malaysia (02°25.129’ N, 103°15.409’ E) at 102 m in elevation. Adult male LSUHC 9376 collected on 8 September 2009 by Chan, K. O. and L. Lee Grismer on Pulau Tenggol, Terengganu, Peninsular Malaysia (04°48.111 N, 103°40.478’ E) at 83 m in elevation. Adult males (LSUHC 10710–11) collected on 24 June 2008 by Chan Kin Onn at 1030 hrs from Bukit Hangus, Pahang, Peninsular Malaysia (04°16.142’ N, 102°13.370’ E) at 10 m in elevation. Adult male LSUHC 10454 collected on 2 June 2011 by Evan S. H. Quah from the Nee Soon Swamp, Singapore (01°48.40 N, 103°49.41 E) at 20 m in elevation. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Maximum SVL 60.0 mm; 10 or 11 supralabials; 7–10 infralabials; keeled ventrals; no precloacal pores; moderately prominent dorsal tubercles; 17–25 paravertebral tubercles; dorsal body tubercles generally randomly arranged; tubercles absent to weak on flanks; caudal tubercles encircling tail; no tubercles in lateral caudal furrows; ventrolateral and lateral rows of caudal tubercles present; subcaudals keeled; no single, median row of enlarged, subcaudal scales; one or two postcloacal tubercles on either side of base of tail; no enlarged femoral, subtibial, or submetatarsal scales; subtibials keeled; 27–33 subdigital lamellae on fourth toe; regenerated tail yellow in males; posterior portion of original tail in males black (Tables 6,7 in GRISMER et al. 2014). 
CommentSynonymy: after GRISMER et al. 2014.

Distribution: See map in Grismer et al. 2014: 18 (Fig. 4). 
EtymologyThe specific epithet peninsularis is an adjective in reference to the distribution of this species being restricted to Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore and their adjacent islands. 
  • BAKER, NICK 2017. Peninsular Rock Gecko Cnemaspis peninsularis on Pulau Bintan, Riau Islands, Indonesia . SEAVR 2017: 52-53 - get paper here
  • Davis, Hayden R.; L. Lee Grimser, Anthony J. Cobos, Matthew L. Murdoch, Alexandra X. Sumarli, Sharual Anuar, M. A. Muin, Perry Wood, Jr., Evan S. H. Quah 2018. Checklist of the Herpetofauna of Hutan Lipur Gunung Senyum, Pahang, Peninsular Malaysia. Russ. J. Herpetol. 25 (3): 207-220 - get paper here
  • FIGUEROA, ALEX; MARTYN E.Y. LOW, KELVIN K.P. LIM 2023. Singapore’s herpetofauna: updated and annotated checklist, history, conservation, and distribution. Zootaxa 5287 (1): 001–378 - get paper here
  • GOLDBERG, S. & GRISMER, L.L. 2019. Notizen zur Fortpflanzung des Felsengeckos Cnemaspis peninsularis (Squamata: Gekkonidae) von der Malaiischen Halbinsel. Sauria 41 (4): 67 - 68 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; & EVAN S. H. QUAH 2019. An updated and annotated checklist of the lizards of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, and their adjacent archipelagos. Zootaxa 4545 (2): 230–248 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L.; PERRY JR L. WOOD, SHAHRUL ANUAR, AWAL RIYANTO, NORHAYATI AHMAD, MOHD A. MUIN, MONTRI SUMONTHA, JESSE L. GRISMER, CHAN KIN ONN, EVAN S. H. QUAH, OLIVIER S. A. PAUWELS 2014. Systematics and natural history of Southeast Asian Rock Geckos (genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887) with descriptions of eight new species from Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia. Zootaxa 3880 (1): 001–147 - get paper here
  • Nguyen, H.N., Hung, C., Yang, M. et al. 2020. Sympatric competitors have driven the evolution of temporal activity patterns in Cnemaspis geckos in Southeast Asia. Sci Rep 10: 27 - get paper here
  • RIYANTO, AWAL; MISBAHUL MUNIR, ANDRI I. S. MARTAMENGGALA, YULI SULISTYA FITRIANA, AMIR HAMIDY 2019. Hiding in plain sight on Gunung Muria: A new species and first record of rock gecko (Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887; Squamata, Gekkonidae) from Java, Indonesia. Zootaxa 4608 (1): 155–173 - get paper here
  • Teo, R.C.H. & N.J. Thomas 2019. Updated Inventory of Amphibians, Reptiles and Mammals of the Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Singapore. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 71(Suppl. 1):145-183; doi: 10.26492/gbs71(suppl.1).2019-06 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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