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Cnemaspis podihuna DERANIYAGALA, 1944

IUCN Red List - Cnemaspis podihuna - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Deraniyagala's Gecko 
SynonymCnemaspis podihuna DERANIYAGALA 1944: 226
Cnemaspis podihuna — WERMUTH 1965: 16
Cnemaspis podihuna — KLUGE 1993
Cnemaspis (Cnemaspis) podihuna — RÖSLER 2000: 63
Cnemaspis podihuna — KARUNARATHNA & AMARASINGHE 2011 
DistributionSri Lanka (Lahugala)

Type locality: Lahugala, Eastern Province, Sri Lanka.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.1.20. The neotype designation by Wickramasinghe and Munindradasa was invalidated by Amarasinghe & Campbell 2016 (invalid neotype: NMSL 20061001, Adult male, 24.47 mm SVL , from Lahugala, Siyabalanduwa, Sri Lanka, (N 06° 52’ 55.9” E 081° 42’ 30.2”, elevation 387m ), 24.03.2006, collected by L . J. Mendis Wickramasinghe and D. A. I. Munindradasa.
Syntypes: NMSL20061002, Adult male, 26.61 mm SVL; NMSL20061003, Adult male, 24.95 mm SVL; NMSL20061004, Subadult female, 21.70 mm SVL, the same date, locality and collectors. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A small-sized Cnemaspis (snout to vent length 22–27 mm in an adult males), which can be distinguished from all known congeners by the following combination of characters: Postmentals separated by a small scale; nostrils are not in contact with first supralabial; 6–7 supra labials to angle of mid-orbit position and end of jaw at nine supra labials; 24 interorbitals; throat scales smooth; 58–60 dorsal tubercles; dorsal tubercles small, granulated, rounded, pentagonal or hexagonal; spine-like tubercles absent on flanks; 28 mid-ventrals; ventral subimbricate; subcaudals very large; 3–4 preanal pores; 3–4 femoral pores on each side; 10–11 subdigital lamellae and 4 basal lamellae in the 4th finger; 12 subdigital lamellae and 4–5 basal lamellae in the 4th toe; mid subcaudals extremely large.

C. podihuna is congener with. C. molligodai sp. nov. .from morphological characters. However, C. podihuna can easily be distinguished from C. molligodai by having nasal not connected to first supralabial, intraorbital count, preanal pores count, dorsal tubercle count and snout to eye distance, and also from morphometric analysis.

Group: The C. podihuna group (2 species: Cnemaspis podihuna and C. molligodai), is characterized by the presence of both femoral and precloacal pores, mid subcaudal scales extremely large, and smooth abdominal scales (Wickramasinghe et al. 2016).

Original description in Amarasinghe et al. 2009. 
CommentSimilar species: Cnemaspis kandambyi; the record of Cnemaspis podihuna from Pallegama (07°32’N, 080°49’E) by Karunarathna et al. (2011) might belong to C. kandambyi.

Types: The voucher specimen deposited in National Museum Sri Lanka (NMSL) in place of the misplaced type specimen of C. podihuna differs in morphological detail to type description as well as to the morphometric parameters of specimens collected from the type locality. The above specimen belongs to C.molligodai sp. nov. of the present study, hence the neotype of C. podihuna (NMSL20061001) is deposited. 
  • Agarwal, I., Biswas, S., Bauer, A.M., Greenbaum, E., Jackman, T.R., De Silva, A. & Batuwita, S. 2017. Cryptic species, taxonomic inflation, or a bit of both? New species phenomenon in Sri Lanka as suggested by a phylogeny of dwarf geckos (Reptilia, Squamata, Gekkonidae, Cnemaspis). Systematics and Biodiversity, 15, 427–439 - get paper here
  • Amarasinghe, A. A. T. & A. M. Bauer. 2009. On the holotype of Cnemaspis podihuna Deraniyagala, 1944. Taprobanica 1 (2): 80-82 - get paper here
  • Amarasinghe, A. A. T., A. M. Bauer, I. Ineich, J. Rudge, M. M. Bahir & D. E. Gabadage 2009. The original descriptions and figures of Sri Lankan gekkonid lizards (Squamata: Gekkonidae) of the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. Taprobanica 1 (2): 83-106 - get paper here
  • Amarasinghe, A.A. Thasun; Patrick D. Campbell 2016. On the resolution of a long standing issue surrounding the holotype of Cnemaspis podihuna Deraniyagala, 1944 (Reptilia: Gekkonidae). Zootaxa 4137 (2): 296–300 - get paper here
  • Batuwita, Sudesh; SAMPATH UDUGAMPALA 2017. Description of a new species of Cnemaspis (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Knuckles Range of Sri Lanka. Zootaxa 4254 (1): 082–090 - get paper here
  • Deraniyagala, P. E. P. 1944. A new Cnemaspis gecko from Ceylon. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (Ceylon), 36:226-227.
  • Hettiarachchi, D. K.; S.M.Wellappuliarachchi, E. S. Nathanael, Anslem de Silva, M. M.Goonasekera, Aaron M. Bauer and John Rudge 2010. Mihintale Sanctuary: A Hotspot for the Endangered Dwarf day gecko Cnemaspis podihuna Deraniyagala, 1944 (Reptilia: Gekkonidae). Gekko 6 (1): 61
  • Karunarathna, D. M. S. S., A. A. T. Amarasinghe, U. T. I. Abeywardena, M. D. C. Asela, H. B. Jayaneththi and P. L. Madurapperuma 2010. Some observations of Cnemaspis podihuna Deraniyagala, 1944 (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) Sri Lanka. Gekko 6 (1): 23-29
  • Karunarathna, Suranjan D. M. S. and A. A. Thasun Amarasinghe 2011. A PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF THE REPTILE FAUNA IN NILGALA FOREST AND ITS VICINITY, MONARAGALA DISTRICT, SRI LANKA. Taprobanica 3 (2): 69-76 - get paper here
  • Karunarathna, Suranjan; Nikolay A. Poyarkov, Anslem de Silva, Majintha Madawala, Madhava Botejue, Vladislav A. Gorin, Thilina Surasinghe, Dinesh Gabadage, Kanishka D.B. Ukuwela & Aaron M. Bauer 2019. Integrative taxonomy reveals six new species of day geckos of the genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) from geographically-isolated hill forests in Sri Lanka. Vertebrate Zoology 69 (3): 247–298 - get paper here
  • Manamendra-Arachchi, Kelum; Batuwita, Sudesh & Pethiyagoda, Rohan 2007. A taxonomic revision of the Sri Lankan day-geckos (Reptilia: Gekkonidae: Cnemaspis), with description of new species from Sri Lanka and southern India. Zeylanica 7 (1): 9-122
  • Rathnayake, Nimal D. 2004. The Sri Lankan Day-Geckos of the Genus Cnemaspis. Gekko 4 (1): 39-44
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Somaweera, R. & Somaweera, N. 2009. Lizards of Sri Lanka: a colour guide with field keys. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 304 pp.
  • Taylor, E.H. 1953. A review of the lizards of Ceylon. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 35 (12): 1525-1585 - get paper here
  • VIDANAPATHIRANA, DULAN RANGA; M. D. GEHAN RAJEEV, NETHU WICKRAMASINGHE, SAMANTHA SURANJAN FERNANDO & L. J. MENDIS WICKRAMASINGHE & L. J. MENDIS WICKRAMASINGHE 2014. Cnemaspis rammalensis sp. nov., Sri Lanka’s largest day-gecko (Sauria: Gekkonidae: Cnemaspis) from Rammalakanda Man and Biosphere Reserve in southern Sri Lanka. Zootaxa 3755 (3): 273–286 - get paper here
  • Wermuth, H. 1965. Liste der rezenten Amphibien und Reptilien. Gekkonidae, Pygopodidae, Xantusiidae. Das Tierreich (80): 1—246
  • WICKRAMASINGHE, L. J. MENDIS; DULAN RANGA VIDANAPATHIRANA, R. M. GAYAN PRIYANKARA RATHNAYAKE 2016. Cnemaspis rajakarunai sp. nov., a rock dwelling day-gecko (Sauria: Gekkonidae: Cnemaspis) from Salgala, an unprotected lowland rainforest in Sri Lanka. Zootaxa 4168 (1): 092–108 - get paper here
  • Wickramasinghe, L.J. MENDIS; & D. A. I. MUNINDRADASA 2007. Review of the genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Sauria: Gekkonidae) in Sri Lanka with the description of five new species. Zootaxa 1490: 1-63 - get paper here
  • Wickramasinghe, Mendis & Ruchira Somaweera 2002. Distribution and Current Status of the Endemic Geckos of Sri Lanka. Gekko 3 (1): 2-13
  • Ziesmann, S.; Janzen, P. & Klaas, P. 2007. Die Vielfalt der Geckos [Sri Lankas]. Draco 7 (30): 38-44 - get paper here
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