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Cnemaspis rajabasa AMARASINGHE, HARVEY, RIYANTO & SMITH, 2015

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common Names 
SynonymCnemaspis rajabasa AMARASINGHE, HARVEY, RIYANTO & SMITH 2015 
DistributionIndonesia (S Sumatra)

Type locality: near Sungai Tajur, Gunung (Mount) Rajabasa, Kabupaten Lampung Selatan, Provinsi Lampung, Sumatra, Indonesia (5°48’29’’S, 105°37’37’’E, datum 5 WGS84; 425 meters above sea level [m asl]).  
Reproductionoviparous (manual imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: MZB 6595, adult female (field number ENS 7766), collected on 15 June 1996 by E.N. Smith (ENS) and M.B. Harvey (MBH). Paratypes.—An adult female (UTA R-61306, formerly MZB 6596, field number ENS 7767) with the same data as the holotype; three adult males (UTA R-61307, formerly MZB 6592, field number MBH 5543 and MZB 6593–6594, field numbers MBH 5544–5545) with same data as the holotype except collected at 430 m asl. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: The following combination of characters distinguishes Cnemaspis rajabasa from all other Southeast Asian congeners: adult males reaching 58.7 mm SVL, adult females reaching 57.4 mm SVL; 13 or 14 supralabial scales; 11 or 12 infralabial scales; tricarinate ventral scales; no precloacal pores; moderately prominent, randomly arranged, dorsal tubercles; 20 or 21 paravertebral tubercles; no tubercles on lower flanks; caudal tubercles encircling tail; subcaudal scales keeled; median row of subcaudals not enlarged; two postcloacal tubercles on each side of tail base; no enlarged femoral, subtibial, or submetatarsal scales; subtibial scales keeled; 28–34 subdigital lamellae on fourth toe; dark and light caudal bands distinct in both sexes. These differences are summarized for geographically close congeners (Table 2) and for all Southeast Asian species in Table 6 of Grismer et al. (2014a). 
CommentAbundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is an invariable noun in apposition and refers to Gunung (Mount) Rajabasa, the volcano inhabited by this species at the extreme Southern tip of Sumatra. 
  • Amarasinghe, A.A. Thasun; Michael B. Harvey, Awal Riyanto, and Eric N. Smith 2015. A New Species of Cnemaspis (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) from Sumatra, Indonesia. Herpetologica Jun 2015, Vol. 71, No. 2: 160-167. - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • RIYANTO, AWAL; MISBAHUL MUNIR, ANDRI I. S. MARTAMENGGALA, YULI SULISTYA FITRIANA, AMIR HAMIDY 2019. Hiding in plain sight on Gunung Muria: A new species and first record of rock gecko (Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887; Squamata, Gekkonidae) from Java, Indonesia. Zootaxa 4608 (1): 155–173 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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