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Cnemaspis regalis PAL, MIRZA, DSOUZA & SHANKER, 2021

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common Names 
SynonymCnemaspis regalis PAL, MIRZA, DSOUZA & SHANKER 2021 
DistributionIndia (Tamil Nadu)

Type locality: Mundanthurai, Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, Tamil Nadu (8.656°N, 77.331°E; 216 m asl)  
TypesHolotype: BNHS 2617, adult male collected by Saunak Pal and team on 20th December 2011.
Paratypes: CESL 487, CESL 488 adult females and CESL 489 adult male collected from Kalakkad on 18th December 2011; CESL 495, CESL 502 adult males and BNHS 2618 adult female collected from Mundanthurai along with the holotype. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A medium sized Cnemaspis species (SVL up to 36.5 mm) characterised by the presence of heterogenous dorsal scales, small granular scales intermixed with conical, regularly arranged, weakly keeled tubercles; absence of spine like tubercles on the flank; paired postmentals partially touching or separated by a single median scale; 7–9 rows of middorsal tubercles; ventrals small, smooth, 148–154 scales from mental to cloaca; 40–44 midventral scales; one postcloacal spur on each side; males with 6–8 precloacal pores, femoral pores absent; subcaudals smooth, median row enlarged, with pairs of slightly smaller scales alternating two individual larger ones; tail with whorls of enlarged conical caudal tubercles; 7–9 supralabials to the angle of jaw; a distinct enlarged metacarpal scale below digit I; 2–3 initial subdigital lamellae on proximal series fragmented followed by entire, distal lamellae entire, 24–27 lamellae on digit IV of pes. (Pal et al. 2022) 
CommentGroup: Belongs to the beddomei clade. 
EtymologyNamed after the Latin word ‘regalis’ meaning kingly or royal, due to the head ornamented with golden yellow crown like pattern in the males of this species. 
  • Pal, S., Mirza, Z. A., Dsouza, P., & Shanker, K. 2021. Diversifying on the Ark: multiple new endemic lineages of dwarf geckos from the Western Ghats provide insights into the systematics and biogeography of South Asian Cnemaspis (Reptilia: Squamata). Zoological Research, 42(6): 675-691 - get paper here
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