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Cnemaspis rubraoculus PAL, MIRZA, DSOUZA & SHANKER, 2021

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common Names 
SynonymCnemaspis rubraoculus PAL, MIRZA, DSOUZA & SHANKER 2021 
DistributionIndia (Kerala, Tamil Nadu)

Type locality: Upper Manalar, Periyar Tiger Reserve, Megamalai (9.571°N, 77.334°E; 1552 m asl)  
TypesHolotype: BNHS 2612, adult male collected by S.P. Vijayakumar and team on 8th April 2009.
Paratypes: CESL 114 & CESL 116, adult females; collected from the same locality as the holotype by Mrugank Prabhu and Aniruddha Dutta Roy on 24th August 2010. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A medium sized, robust Cnemaspis species (SVL up to 45.8 mm) characterised by the presence of heterogenous dorsal scales, small granular scales intermixed with larger, irregularly arranged, keeled, rounded tubercles; absence of spine like tubercles on the flank; paired postmentals separated by a single broad median scale; 8–10 rows of middorsal tubercles, 12–14 tubercles in paravertebral rows; ventrals smooth, subimbricate, 122– 133 longitudinal scales from mental to cloaca; 33–37 midventral scales; one postcloacal spur on each side; males with 6 precloacal pores, femoral pores absent; a row of enlarged scales from base of first toe to end of foot; subcaudals smooth, median row enlarged with individual large quadrate scale alternating with slightly smaller subconical one; 6 supralabials to the angle of jaw; 18–19 lamellae on digit IV of pes. (Pal et al. 2022) 
CommentGroup: Belongs to the beddomei clade. 
EtymologyNamed after the Latin words ‘rubrum’, meaning red, and ‘oculus’ meaning eye; referring to the prominent red iris. 
  • Pal, S., Mirza, Z. A., Dsouza, P., & Shanker, K. 2021. Diversifying on the Ark: multiple new endemic lineages of dwarf geckos from the Western Ghats provide insights into the systematics and biogeography of South Asian Cnemaspis (Reptilia: Squamata). Zoological Research, 42(6): 675-691 - get paper here
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