Cnemaspis upendrai MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI, BATUWITA & PETHIYAGODA, 2007
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Cnemaspis upendrai?
|Higher Taxa||Gekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)|
|Synonym||Cnemaspis upendrai MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI, BATUWITA & PETHIYAGODA 2007|
Cnemaspis clivicola MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI, BATUWITA & PETHIYAGODA 2007
Cnemaspis cf. clivicola — KOTTAWA-ARACHCHI & GAMAGE 2015
Type locality: Pussellawa, Kandy District, Central Province of Sri Lanka, 07º05’N, 80º30’E, 900 m elevation.
clivicola: Sri Lanka; Type locality: Nanu Oya, Nuwara Eliya District, Central Province of Sri Lanka, 06º56’30”N, 80º44’30”E, 1623 m elevation.
|Types||Holotype: NMSL (= WHT) 7189 (male), 31.5 mm SVL, coll. S. Batuwita & K. Wewelwala, 27 November, 2002.|
Holotype: NMSL (= WHT) 7204 (male), 36.6 mm SVL, coll. S. Batuwita, 11 August, 2005 [clivicola]
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis: Cnemaspis upendrai differs from its peninsular Indian and Sri Lankan congeners by a combination of the following characters. Maximum SVL 35.2 mm; paired postmentals separated by a medial scale; each postmental bounded by 4 scales including medial scale; ventrals, 112–128; ventral scales across midbody, 16–25; dorsal scales heterogeneous; a row of 15 irregular, spine-like tubercles present on flank; ventrals smooth; 2 or 3 preanal pores, 4 or 5 femoral pores on each side; subcaudals keeled, median row enlarged, irregular; supralabials to angle of jaws, 7 or 8; subdigital lamellae on digit IV of pes, 17–21; (in life) dorsum light-brown, with about eight median black markings extending from neck and on to tail; much larger, irregular, dark-brown blotches on sides; occipital region with two black chevrons, a light yellow marking between them, followed by a black spot on neck; a narrow interorbital band present; tail rusty brown; venter white. Some individuals uniform yellowish brown, without prominent dorsal markings [from MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI et al. 2007].|
Diagnosis: Cnemaspis clivicola differs from its peninsular Indian and Sri Lankan congeners by a combination of the following characters. Maximum SVL 40.9 mm; paired postmentals separated by a medial scale; each postmental bounded by 4 scales including medial scale; ventrals, 128–144; ventral scales across mid-body, 20–26; dorsal scales heterogeneous; a row of 10–15 irregular spine-like tubercles present on flank; ventrals keeled; 3 or 4 preanal pores, 4 femoral pores on each side; subcaudals in median series not enlarged, keeled; supralabials to angle of jaws 7 or 8; subdigital lamellae on digit IV of pes 17–19; (in life) dorsum grey, with a series of seven W-shaped markings; a narrow interorbital band. [from MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI et al. 2007].
|Comment||Synonymy: Agarwal et al. 2017 synonymized C. clivicola and C. upendrai. The holotypes of these two species are only 0.1% genetically divergent from one another (with ND2 used as marker).|
|Etymology||The species name is a patronym Latinized in the genitive singular honouring the Sri Lankan prehistorian Dr Siran Upendra Deraniyagala.|
The species name upendrai is Latin for ‘inhabitant of the hills’, an allusion to the montane type locality of this species.
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