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Cnemaspis wynadensis (BEDDOME, 1870)

IUCN Red List - Cnemaspis wynadensis - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Wynad Day Gecko 
SynonymGymnodactylus wynadensis BEDDOME 1870: 32
Gonatodes wynadensis — BOULENGER 1885: 65
Cnemaspis wynadensis — SMITH 1935: 69
Cnemaspis wynadensis — WERMUTH 1965: 17
Cnemaspis wynadensis — KLUGE 1993
Cnemaspis (Cnemaspis) wynadensis — RÖSLER 2000: 63 
DistributionIndia (Wynaad mountains, Kerala)

Type locality: Wynaad, India.  
TypesLectotype: BMNH (male), 33.4 mm SVL, “Wynaad” (Kerala, India), coll. Colonel Beddome. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Cnemaspis wynadensis differs from its peninsular Indian and Sri Lankan congeners by a combination of the following characters. Maximum SVL 40.6 mm; paired postmentals separated by 3 medial scales; each postmental bounded by 4 scales including medial scale; dorsal scales homogeneous, smooth, isolated and scattered; spine-like tubercles absent on flank; abdominal scales smooth, subimbricate; no preanal pores; 4–6 femoral pores on each side; subcaudals on median series enlarged, subequal; supralabials to angle of jaws, 5; subdigital lamellae on digit IV of pes, 18 [ 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Beddome, R.H. 1870. Descriptions of some new lizards from the Madras Presidency. Madras Monthly J. Med. Sci. 1: 30-35
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Manamendra-Arachchi, Kelum; Batuwita, Sudesh & Pethiyagoda, Rohan 2007. A taxonomic revision of the Sri Lankan day-geckos (Reptilia: Gekkonidae: Cnemaspis), with description of new species from Sri Lanka and southern India. Zeylanica 7 (1): 9-122
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
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