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Cnemidophorus vanzoi (BASKIN & WILLIAMS, 1966)

IUCN Red List - Cnemidophorus vanzoi - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaTeiidae, Teiinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Maria Islands Whiptail, Saint Lucian whiptail, Vanzo's Whiptail 
SynonymAmeiva vanzoi BASKIN & WILLIAMS 1966: 146
Cnemidophorus vanzoi — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Cnemidophorus vanzoi — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 385
Cnemidophorus vanzoi — UGUETO et al. 2010
Cnemidophorus vanzoi — HARVEY et al. 2012 
DistributionMaria Island (off SE coast of St. Lucia)

Type locality: Southernmost of 2 Maria Islands off southeastern end of St. Lucia.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 69112. 
CommentGroup: member of the lemniscatus group, see C. lemniscatus for details.

For illustrations see Geoghegan and Renard, 1985. Not mentioned in REEDER et al. (2002) although they cite Presch (1971). 
EtymologyNamed after Professor Dr. Paulo Emilio Vanzolini (1924-2013), a zoologist and herpetologist, who worked at the American Museum of Natural History, New York (late 1970s-1980s). 
  • Baskin, J. N. and E. E. Williams. 1966. The Lesser Antillean Ameiva (Sauria,Teiidae). Re-evaluation, zoogeography, and the effects of predation. Studies Fauna Curacao Carib. Isl. 23: 144-176. - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Funk, Stephan M. & John E. Fa 2006. Phylogeography of the endemic St. Lucia whiptail lizard Cnemidophorus vanzoi: Conservation genetics at the species boundary. Conservation Genetics 7: 651–663 - get paper here
  • Geoghegan, T., and Renard, Y. 1985. Maria Islands Nature Reserve Interpretive Guide. ENCAMP, St. Lucia National Trust: 32pp.
  • HARVEY, MICHAEL B.; GABRIEL N. UGUETO & RONALD L. GUTBERLET, Jr. 2012. Review of Teiid Morphology with a Revised Taxonomy and Phylogeny of the Teiidae (Lepidosauria: Squamata). Zootaxa 3459: 1–156 - get paper here
  • Lewis, Todd R. 2001. Reptile observations on the Maria Islands: two satellite islands of St. Lucia (West Indies). Herpetological Bulletin (77): 25-28 - get paper here
  • Malhotra, A. & Thorpe, R.S. 1999. Reptiles & Amphibians of the Eastern Caribbean. MacMillan, London & Oxford
  • Maslin, T. & Secoy, D.M. 1986. A checklist of the lizard genus Cnemidophorus (Teiidae). Contr. Zool. Univ. Colorado Mus. 1: 1-60
  • Presch, W. 1971. Tongue structure of the teiid lizard genera Ameiva and Cnemidophorus with a reallocation of Ameiva vanzoi. Journal of Herpetology 5 (3-4): 183-185 - get paper here
  • REEDER, T.W.; CHARLES J. COLE AND HERBERT C. DESSAUER 2002. Phylogenetic Relationships of Whiptail Lizards of the Genus Cnemidophorus (Squamata: Teiidae): A Test of Monophyly, Reevaluation of Karyotypic Evolution, and Review of Hybrid Origins. American Museum Novitates 3365: 1-64 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Ugueto, Gabriel N.; Michael B. Harvey, and Gilson A. Rivas 2010. TWO NEW SPECIES OF CNEMIDOPHORUS (SQUAMATA: TEIIDAE) FROM ISLANDS OF THE NORTHEASTERN COAST OF VENEZUELA. Herpetological Monographs 23 (1): 123-153 [2009] - get paper here
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