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Coleodactylus septentrionalis VANZOLINI, 1980

IUCN Red List - Coleodactylus septentrionalis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Ilha Maracá Gecko 
SynonymColeodactylus septentrionalis VANZOLINI 1980
Coleodactylus meridionalis — VANZOLINI 1957: 2 (part)
Coleodactylus septentrionalis — AVILA-PIRES 1995: 251
Coleodactylus septentrionalis — RÖSLER 2000: 63
Coleodactylus septentrionalis — GAMBLE et al. 2011 
DistributionN Brazil (Roraima), W Suriname (Nickerie), Guyana, Venezuela (Delta Amacuro, Monagas [HR 32: 275])

Type locality: Brazil, Roraima, Ilha Maracá, Rio Uraricoera.  
TypesHolotype: MZUSP 52866 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A diurnal, ground dwelling, small gecko. Maximum SVL in males 26 mm, in females 28.5 mm. Body cylindrical, with short legs and tail. Claws enclosed by an ungual sheath composed of five asymmetrical, imbricate scales. Dorsal scales phylloid, imbricate, smooth. Ventral scales larger, smooth; 26-36 (31.2 ± 2.0) along midventral line, between anterior level of forelimbs and that of hind limbs. Scales around midbody 36-48 (42.8 ± 2.8). Mental without a median cleft, bordered by two to four postmentals; its width distinctly shorter than length of first infralabial (Avila-Pires 1995: 252). 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is an adjective in the nominative case derived from the Latin for ‘northern’, referring to the distribution of this species. 
  • Avila-Pires, T.C.S. 1995. Lizards of Brazilian Amazonia (Reptilia: Squamata). Zoologische Verhandelingen 299: 1-706 - get paper here
  • Cole, Charles J.; Carol R. Townsend, Robert P. Reynolds, Ross D. MacCulloch, and Amy Lathrop 2013. Amphibians and reptiles of Guyana, South America: illustrated keys, annotated species accounts, and a biogeographic synopsis. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 125 (4): 317-578; plates: 580-620 - get paper here
  • Freire, E. M. X. 1999. Espécie nova de Coleodactylus PARKER, 1926 das Dunas de Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil, com notas sobre suas relaçoãs dicromatismo sexual no género (Squamata, Gekkonidae). Bol. Mus. Nac. nov. Ser. Rio de Janeiro, 399: 1-14.
  • Gamble, Tony; Juan D. Daza, Guarino R. Colli, Laurie J. Vitt and Aaron M. Bauer 2011. A new genus of miniaturized and pug-nosed gecko from South America (Sphaerodactylidae: Gekkota). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 163 (4): 1244–1266 - get paper here
  • Gonçalves, UBIRATAN; SELMA TORQUATO, GABRIEL SKUK & GEORGE DE ARAÚJO SENA 2012. A new species of Coleodactylus Parker, 1926 (Squamata: Sphaerodactylidae) from the Atlantic Forest of northeast Brazil. Zootaxa 3204: 20–30 - get paper here
  • Hoogmoed, M. S. 1977. Notes on the Herpetofauna of Suriname X. Coleodactylus septentrionalis Vanzolini, a Lizard new for the Surinamese Fauna (Sauria: Gekkonidae). Zoologische Mededelingen 59: 229-238 - get paper here
  • RIBEIRO-JÚNIOR, MARCO A. 2015. Catalogue of distribution of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Brazilian Amazonia. II. Gekkonidae, Phyllodactylidae, Sphaerodactylidae. Zootaxa 3981 (1): 001–055 - get paper here
  • Ribeiro-Júnior, Marco A. & Silvana Amaral 2016. Diversity, distribution, and conservation of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) in the Brazilian Amazonia. Neotropical Biodiversity, 2:1, 195-421 - get paper here
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Vanzolini P E 1980. Coleodactylus septentrionalis sp. n., with notes on the distribution of the genus (Sauria, Gekkonidae). Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia (São Paulo) 34(1) 1980: 1-9 - get paper here
  • Vitt, L.J. et al. 2005. Small in a big world: ecology of leaf-litter geckos in new world tropical forests. Herpetological Monographs 19: 137-152 - get paper here
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