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Coleonyx mitratus (PETERS, 1863)

IUCN Red List - Coleonyx mitratus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaEublepharidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Central American Banded Gecko
G: Mittelamerikanischer Krallengecko 
SynonymBrachydactylus mitratus PETERS 1863: 42
Eublepharis dovii BOULENGER 1885: 233
Eublepharis dovii — GÜNTHER 1893
Coleonyx mitratus — SCHMIDT 1928: 194
Coleonyx mitratus — KLAUBER 1945: 199
Coleonyx mitratus — KLUGE 1993
Coleonyx mitratus — KÖHLER 2000: 45
Coleonyx mitratus — SEUFER et al. 2005
Coleonyx mitratus — MCCRANIE 2018 
DistributionEl Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Guatemala

Type locality: “Costa Rica”  
TypesHolotype: ZMB 4598 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A Coleonyx with tubercular scales scattered among the granules of the dorsum, thus differing from variegatus, brevis, and fasciatus. From elegans elegans and e. nemoralis it differs in having shorter scales sheath­ ing the daws; these are exposed in mitratus but concealed (or with only the tips showing) in elegans. Also, the first infralabials are quadrilateral in mitratus and triangular in elegans. Further, there is a longitudinal area of small scales back: of the nostril in elegans not present in mitratus [Klauber 1945: 200]. 
CommentHabitat: Terrestrial, nocturnal species, found primarily on the forest floor.

Distribution: Not listed for Panama by KÖHLER (2000). Not in Panama fide Lotzkat (pers. comm. 23 Dec 2015). 
EtymologyThe name mitratus is Latin (wearing a headband) alluding to the pale crossband on the posterior portion of the head. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Brongersma, L. D. 1954. On some lizards from the Republic of El Salvador. Konikl. Nederl. Akad. van Wetenschappen (Amsterdam) 57 (2): 165-174
  • Curlis JD, Fisher EC, Muhic WK, Moy J, Garro-Cruz M, Montero-Ramírez JJ 2020. A survey of the reptiles and amphibians at the University of Georgia Costa Rica field station in San Luis de Monteverde, Costa Rica. Check List 16(6): 1433-1456 - get paper here
  • Firneno, Thomas J., Michael W. Itgen, Fatima M. Pereira-Pereira and Josiah H. Townsend. 2016. Geographic Distribution: Coleonyx mitratus (Central American Banded Gecko). Herpetological Review 47 (2): 257 - get paper here
  • Grismer,L.L. 1997. Eublepharid Geckos - Living Relics of Gekkotan Evolution. Fauna 1 (1): 26-33
  • Hedges SB, Powell R, Henderson RW, Hanson S, and Murphy JC 2019. Definition of the Caribbean Islands biogeographic region, with checklist and recommendations for standardized common names of amphibians and reptiles. Caribbean Herpetology 67: 1–53
  • Hiduke, Joe;Gaines, Meadow 1997. Central American Banded Geckos (Coleonyx mitratus). Reptiles 5 (10): 76-87
  • Klauber, Laurence M. 1945. The geckos of the genus Coleonyx with descriptions of new subspecies. Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 10 (11): 133-216 - get paper here
  • KLIMENT, P.: 2011. Haltung und Biologie des Mittelamerikanischen Krallengeckos Coleonyx mitratus (PETERS, 1863). Sauria 33 (3): 3-18 - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Mata-Silva, V, DeSantis DL, García-Padilla E, Johnson JD, Wilson LD. 2019. The endemic herpetofauna of Central America: a casualty of anthropocentrism. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13 (1) [General Section]: 1–64 (e168) - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. 2018. The Lizards, Crocodiles, and Turtles of Honduras. Systematics, Distribution, and Conservation. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Special Publication Series (2): 1- 666 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R., and Alexander Gutsche. 2016. The herpetofauna of islands in the Golfo de Fonseca and adjacent waters, Honduras. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (4): 842–899 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1952. Die Amphibien und Reptilien von El Salvador. Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. (Frankfurt) (No. 487): 120 pp.
  • Mudde, P, & VAN DIJK, M. 1984. Herpetologische waarnemingen in Costa Rica (8). Gekkos (Gekkonidae). Lacerta 43: 36-37 - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1863. Über einen neuen Gecko, Brachydactylus mitratus aus Costa Rica. Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1863 (Januar): 41-44. - get paper here
  • Savage, J.M. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna Between Two Continents, Between Two Seas. University of Chicago Press, 934 pp. [review in Copeia 2003 (1): 205]
  • Schmidt, Karl P. 1928. Reptiles collected in Salvador for the California Institute of Technology. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 12 (16): 191-201 - get paper here
  • Seufer, H.; Y. Kaverkin & A. Kirschner (eds.) 2005. Die Lidgeckos. Kirschner und Seufer Verlag, 238 pp.
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
  • Spangler, M. 2015. Chapter 12 - Amphibians and Reptiles at the Ometepe and La Suerte Field Sites: Toward an Overview of the Evolution, Diversity, and Natural History of Central America’s Herpetofauna. In: F. Huettmann (ed.), Central American Biodiversity. Springer, pp. 273-313 - get paper here
  • Stuart,L.C. 1963. A checklist of the herpetofauna of Guatemala. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool., Univ. Michigan (No. 122): 1-150 - get paper here
  • Sunyer, J., J. G. Martínez-Fonseca, M. Salazar-Saavedra, D. Monge Arróliga, J. Á. Rivera Blandón and A. A. Gutiérrez Rodríguez. 2017. Coleonyx mitratus (Peters, 1863). Nicaragua. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(2): 450–456 - get paper here
  • Sunyer, Javier 2014. An updated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Nicaragua. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1 (2): 186–202. - get paper here
  • Taylor, E. H. 1956. A review of the lizards of Costa Rica. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 38 (part 1): 3-322 - get paper here
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