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Concinnia tenuis (GRAY, 1831)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Bar-sided Forest-skink, Barred-sided Skink 
SynonymTiliqua tenuis GRAY 1831: 71
Lygosoma erucata DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 726
Lygosoma tenue — GARMAN 1901: 7
Lygosoma (Sphenomorphus) tenue — SMITH 1937: 220
Sphenomorphus tenuis — COGGER 1983: 187
Eulamprus tenuis — GREER 1992
Sphenomorphus tenuis — FRANK & RAMUS 1995: 196
Eulamprus tenuis — COGGER 2000: 487
Eulamprus tenuis — WILSON & SWAN 2010
Concinnia tenuis — SKINNER et al. 2013
Concinnia tenuis — COGGER 2014: 455 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, S Queensland)

Type locality: Australia  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.17.15 (formerly xv.8a, 1937.12.6.13), Australia, collector unknown.
Holotype: MNHP 7035, from Australia [Lygosoma erucata] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): The genus Concinnia is a group of moderate sized, smooth bodied, pentadactyl limbed skinks. Largely confined to relictual rainforest and ecotonal wet sclerophyll forest habitats along east coastal Australia. All have a preference for deeply shaded damp areas within their habitats and usually do not bask in direct sunlight, being most active in the open only during cloudy humid conditions. All are live bearing and insectivorous and most are partly arboreal and all extensively utilize fallen logs and rotting trees for their microhabitats. They can be characterized by having: nasals separated; one or two pairs of supranasals (at least one pair in contact); prefrontals separated or in contact; supraoculars, 4-5; supralabials, 6-8; post-mental contacting one or two infralabials on each side; ear opening large (usually as large or larger than nasal); snout-vent lengths range from 70-110 mm; mid body scale rows range from 22-52 (Wells & Wellington 1984: 88). 
CommentSynonymy: Lygosoma brachysoma LÖNNBERG & ANDERSSON 1915 has been considered a synonym of Eulamprus tenuis by COGGER 1983 and others but is now treated as a separate species.

Synonymy partly after COGGER 1983.

Type species: Tiliqua tenuis GRAY 1831: 71 is the type species of the genus Concinnia WELLS & WELLINGTON 1984.

Phylogenetics: see Singhal et al. 2017 and 2018 for a phylogeny of Australian sphenomorphine skinks.

Limb morphology: 5 digits, 5 toes (Singhal et al. 2018, Cogger 2014)

Morphology: Hutchinson et al. 2021 present a table of morphological character states across 20 Australian sphenomorphine skinks, including this genus. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “tenuis” = slender.

Concinnia = skillfully put together (fide Wells & Wellington 1984: 88, without further explanation). Apparently from con-(= together) and Greek “kin” (= movable, as in kinesis) 
  • Bowles, F.D. 2000. A short note on the herpetofauna of Brisbane and its suburbs. Herpetological Bulletin (73): 27-29 - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • De Lissa, G. 1981. Notes on the skink Sphenomorphus tenuis. Herpetofauna (Sydney) 13: 33
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol. 5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Garman, S. 1901. Some reptiles and batrachians from Australasia. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 39: 1-14 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1831. A synopsis of the species of Class Reptilia. In: Griffith, E & E. Pidgeon: The animal kingdom arranged in conformity with its organisation by the Baron Cuvier with additional descriptions of all the species hither named, and of many before noticed [V Whittaker, Treacher and Co., London: 481 + 110 pp. [1830]
  • Greer A E 1992. Revision of the species previously associated with the Australian scincid lizard Eulamprus tenuis. Rec. Austral. Mus. 44(1) 1992: 7-19 - get paper here
  • Hutchinson, M. N., Couper, P., Amey, A., & Wilmer, J. W. 2021. Diversity and Systematics of Limbless Skinks (Anomalopus) from Eastern Australia and the Skeletal Changes that Accompany the Substrate Swimming Body Form. Journal of Herpetology 55 (4): 361-384 - get paper here
  • Mo, Matthew 2012. An account of a Greater Bar-sided Skink Eulamprus tenuis trapped in a narrow crevice opening. Herpetofauna (Sydney) 42 (1-2): 11-14 - get paper here
  • Murphy, Michael J. 1994. Reptiles and amphibians of Seven Mile Beach National park, NSW. Herpetofauna (Sydney) 24 (2): 24-30
  • Rankin, P. R. 1973. The barred sided skink Sphenomorphus tenuis tenuis (Gray) in the Sydney region. Herpetofauna (Sydney) 6: 8-14
  • Singhal, Sonal; Huateng Huang, Maggie R. Grundler, María R. Marchán-Rivadeneira, Iris Holmes, Pascal O. Title, Stephen C. Donnellan, and Daniel L. Rabosky 2018. Does Population Structure Predict the Rate of Speciation? A Comparative Test across Australia’s Most Diverse Vertebrate Radiation. The American Naturalist - get paper here
  • Skinner, Adam; Mark N. Hutchinson, Michael S.Y. Lee 2013. Phylogeny and Divergence Times of Australian Sphenomorphus Group Skinks (Scincidae, Squamata). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69 (3): 906–918 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Swan, G.; Sadlier, R.; Shea, G. 2017. A field guide to reptiles of New South Wales. Reed New Holland, 328 pp.
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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