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Cordylus minor FITZSIMONS, 1943

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Higher TaxaCordylidae (Cordylinae), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Western Dwarf Girdled Lizard
G: Zwerggürtelschweif
E: Cloete’s Girdled Lizard [cloetei]
G: Cloete’s Gürtelschweif [cloetei]
E: Eastern Dwarf Girdled Lizard, Dwarf Karoo Girdled Lizard [aridus]
G: Östlicher Zwerggürtelschweif [aridus] 
SynonymCordylus cordylus minor FITZSIMONS 1943: 458
Cordylus minor — MOUTON & VAN WYK 1989
Cordylus cloetei MOUTON & VAN WYK 1994
Cordylus aridus MOUTON & VAN WYK 1994
Cordylus minor — FROST et al. 2001
Cordylus aridus — ADOLPHS 2006
Cordylus cloetei — ADOLPHS 2006
Cordylus cloetei — STANLEY et al. 2011
Cordylus aridus — STANLEY et al. 2011
Cordylus minor — STANLEY et al. 2011
Cordylus minor — REISSIG 2014
Cordylus cloetei — REISSIG 2014
Cordylus aridus — BATES et al. 2014: 186
Cordylus minor — TOLLEY et al. 2021 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa (isolated populations at Matjesfontein, Prince Albert, and near Meiringspoort)

Type locality: just north of Matjesfontein [Western Cape Province], South Africa.

aridus: Republic of South Africa (Western Cape Province); Type locality: Farm Botterkraal, Prince Albert District, Western Cape Province, South Africa, 33° 25' 22" S, 22° 05' 21" E.

cloetei: Republic of South Africa (Northern Cape Province);Type locality: Farm De Hoek, Nuweveld Mountains, Fraserburg District, South Africa, 32° 09' 31’’, S, 21°43' 17’’ E.  
Reproductionovovivparous 
TypesSyntypes: DNMNH (= TM) 19563-19568 (6 adult males and females)
Holotype: SAM 50901, adult female. Allotype: SAM 50902, adult male. Paratypes: SAM 50903, adult female and SAM 50904, adult male [aridus]
Holotype: SAM 50893, adult male. Allotype: SAM 50894, adult female. Paratypes; SAM 50895-50896, one adult male and one adult female [cloetei] 
Diagnosis 
CommentSynonymy: Tolley et al. 2021 synonymized C. aridus and C. cloetei with C. minor.

NCBI taxonID: 884245 [aridus] 
EtymologyNamed after its relatively small size compared to other (sub-) species in the genus.

C. aridus was named after the arid environment in which this species lives.

C. cloetei was named after Jos Cloete who owns the farm De Hoek, where this species was discovered. It was named after him "in appreciation of his hospitality and keen interest in nature." 
References
  • Adolphs, K. 2006. Bibliotheca Cordyliformium. Squamata Verlag, Sankt Augustin, 303 pp.
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • FitzSimons, V.F. 1943. The lizards of South Africa. Transvaal Museum Memoir No.1 (Pretoria), 528 pp.
  • Frost, D.; Janies, D.; Le Fras N. Mouton, P. & Titus, T. 2003. A molecular perspective on the phylogeny of the Girdled Lizards (Cordylidae, Squamata). American Museum Novitates (3310): 1-10 - get paper here
  • LOEHR, V. C. T. 2010. Der Rooiberg-Gürtelschweif, Cordylus imkeae MOUTON & VAN WYK, 1994: Freilandbeobachtungen, Pflege und Zucht. Sauria 32 (4): 53-60 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Mouton, P. Le F.N. & J.H. Van Wyk 1994. Taxonomic status of geographical isolates in the Cordylus minor complex (Reptilia: Cordylidae): A description of three new species. J. Herp. Assoc. Africa 43: 6-18. - get paper here
  • Mouton, P. le Fras N. & Wyk, Johannes H. van 1989. A Revision of the Taxonomic Status of Cordylus cordylus minor Fitzsimons, 1943 (Reptilia: Cordylidae). J. Herp. Assoc. Africa (Proceedings of the First H.A.A. Conference, Editor: Branch, William R.) (Humewood), 36: 78. - get paper here
  • Mouton, P. le Fras N. & Wyk, Johannes H. van 1989. Cordylus minor: A valid species of South African lizard (Reptilia: Cordylidae). South African J Zoology 24 (4): 322-328. - get paper here
  • MOUTON, P. LE FRAS N.; DAHNÉ A. JANSE VAN RENSBURG and JOHANNES H. VAN WYK 2010. Epidermal glands in cordylid lizards, with special reference to generation glands. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 158: 312–324. - get paper here
  • Reissig, J. 2014. Girdled Lizards and Their Relatives. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, ISBN-10: 3899734378
  • Stanley, Edward L.; Aaron M. Bauer; Todd R. Jackman, William R. Branch, P. Le Fras N. Mouton 2011. Between a rock and a hard polytomy: rapid radiation in the rupicolous girdled lizard (Squamata: Cordylidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 58(1): 53-70. - get paper here
  • Tolley, Krystal A; Nicolas S Telford, Jody M Taft, Michael F Bates, Werner Conradie, Buyisile G Makhubo, Graham J Alexander 2021. Taxonomic inflation due to inadequate sampling: are girdled lizards (Cordylus minor species complex) from the Great Karoo one and the same? Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 135 (1): 1–24 [print 2022] - get paper here
 
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