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Cordylus tropidosternum (COPE, 1869)

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Higher TaxaCordylidae (Cordylinae), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Tropical Girdled Lizard
G: Tropischer Gürtelschweif, Zwerggürtelschweif 
SynonymZonurus tropidosternum COPE 1869: 169
Zonurus tropidosternum — BOULENGER 1885: 254
Zonurus frenatus PFEFFER 1889
Zonurus parkeri COTT 1934
Cordylus tropidosternum — FITZSIMONS 1943 Terra typica
Cordylus cordylus tropidosternum — LOVERIDGE 1944
Cordylus tropidosternum tropidosternum — BRANCH 1988
Cordylus tropidosternum tropidosternum — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 19
Cordylus tropidosternum — BROADLEY & BRANCH 2002
Cordylus tropidosternum — STANLEY et al. 2011
Cordylus tropidosternum — SPAWLS et al 2018: 211 
DistributionSE Kenya and Tanzania, west through N Zambia to S Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire: Katanga Province), south through Malawi and Mozambique to NE Zimbabwe, reaching its southern limit on the Save River in Mozambique (fide BROADLEY & BRANCH 2002).

Type locality: see comment.

frenatus: Tanzania; Type locality: Mhonda, Tanzania

parkeri: Mozambique; Type locality: Amatongas, Mozambique  
TypesHolotype: MCZ R-5742. 
CommentDistribution: see map in GREENBAUM et al. 2012. The type locality give by Cope is “Madagascar”, which is probably in error for Mozambique.

Illustration of Cordylus tropidosternum in Elaphe 12 (1): 62 [2004]. 
EtymologyNamed after its keeled chest (from Greek ”tropis”, the keel of a ship, “tropidos”, and “sternon”, Greek for chest, heart). 
  • Auerbach, R.D. 1987. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Botswana. Mokwepa Consultants, Botswana, 295 pp.
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1891. Description of a new lizard of the genus Zonurus from the Transvaal. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 7: 417 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Boycott, R.C. 1992. An Annotated Checklist of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Swaziland. The Conservation Trust of Swaziland - get paper here
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Broadley, D. G. & W. R. Branch 2002. A review of the small east African Cordylus (Sauria: Cordylidae), with the description of a new species. African Journal of Herpetology 51 (1): 9-34 - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. 1962. On some reptile collections from the North-Western and North-Eastern Districts of Southern Rhodesia 1958-1961, with descriptions of four new lizards. Occ. Pap. Nat. Mus. South. Rhodesia 26 (B): 787-843
  • Broadley, D.G. 1998. The reptilian fauna of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo-Kinshasa). In: Schmidt, K.P. and Noble, G.K., Contributions to the Herpetology of the Belgian Congo... [reprint of the 1919 and 1923 papers]. SSAR Facsimile reprints in Herpetology, 780 pp.
  • Broadley, Donald G. and F. P. D. Cotterill. 2004. The reptiles of southeast Katanga, an overlooked 'hot spot'. [Congo]. African Journal of Herpetology 53 (1): 35-61. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1870. Seventh contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 11: 147-169 [1869] - get paper here
  • Fritz, P. 2007. Zwerggürtelschweife: Haltung und Vermehrung von Cordylus tropidosternum (COPE, 1869). Reptilia (Münster) 12 (65): 24-31 - get paper here
  • Frost, D.; Janies, D.; Le Fras N. Mouton, P. & Titus, T. 2003. A molecular perspective on the phylogeny of the Girdled Lizards (Cordylidae, Squamata). American Museum Novitates (3310): 1-10 - get paper here
  • Greenbaum, Eli; Edward L. Stanley, Chifundera Kusamba, Wandege M. Moninga, Stephen R. Goldberg & Charles R. Bursey 2012. A new species of Cordylus (Squamata: Cordylidae) from the Marungu Plateau of south-eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. African Journal of Herpetology 61 (1): 14-39 - get paper here
  • Klerks, M.; Struijk, R. & Loehr, V. 2002. Die Haltun gdes Zwerggürtelschweifs Cordylus tropidosternum tropidosternum (COPE 1869). Elaphe 10 (2): 31-43
  • Krabbe-Paulduro, Ursula & Paulduro, Ernst 1987. Cordylus jonesii (Boulenger). Sauria 9 (4) Suppl.: 93-96. - get paper here
  • Lilge, D. 2008. Zusatzinformationen zu den Titelthemen “Schildechsen” und “Gürtelschweife” (Reptilia Nr. 69 und Nr. 65). Reptilia (Münster) 13 (71): 3-5 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1920. Notes on East African lizards collected 1915-1919, with description of a new genus and species of skink and new subspecies of gecko. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1920: 131-167 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1923. Notes on East African lizards collected 1920-1923 with the description of two new races of Agama lionotus Blgr. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1923: 935-969 - get paper here
  • Malonza, Patrick K.; David M. Mulwa, Joash O. Nyamache, Georgina Jones 2017. Biogeography of the Shimba Hills ecosystem herpetofauna in Kenya. Zoological Research 38(5): 1-11 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1938. Über eine herpetologische Sammlung aus dem Gebiete des Njarasa-Grabens Ost-Afrikas. Veröffentlichungen aus dem Deutschen Kolonial- und Übersee-Museum in Bremen 2 (1): 1-9 [no page numbers]
  • MOUTON, P. LE FRAS N.; DAHNÉ A. JANSE VAN RENSBURG and JOHANNES H. VAN WYK 2010. Epidermal glands in cordylid lizards, with special reference to generation glands. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 158: 312–324. - get paper here
  • Pfeffer, G. 1889. Übersicht der von Herrn Dr. Franz Stuhlmann in Ägypten, auf Sanzibar und dem gegenüberliegenden Festlande gesammelten Reptilien, Amphibien, Fische, Molluskten und Krebse. Jb. Hamb. Wiss. Anst. 6 (2): 1-36
  • Pfeffer, G. 1893. Ostafrikanische Reptilien und Amphibien, gesammelt von Herrn Dr. F. Stuhlmann im Jahre 1888 und 1889. Jb. Hamb. Wiss. Anst. 10: 71-105.
  • Reissig, J. 2014. Girdled Lizards and Their Relatives. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, ISBN-10: 3899734378
  • Spawls, S. & Rotich, D. 1997. An annotated checklist of the lizards of Kenya. J. East African Nat. Hist. 86: 61-83
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Stanley, Edward L.; Aaron M. Bauer; Todd R. Jackman, William R. Branch, P. Le Fras N. Mouton 2011. Between a rock and a hard polytomy: rapid radiation in the rupicolous girdled lizard (Squamata: Cordylidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 58(1): 53-70. - get paper here
  • Struijk, Richard 2002. Cordylus tropidosternum tropidosternum Cope 1869 Tropical Girdled Lizard. Reproduction. African Herp News (34): 25-27 - get paper here
  • Switak, Karl H. 1995. Die Gürtelschweife der Gattung Cordylus (2). TI-Magazin, Nr. 122 (März 1995), 39-42.v
  • Switak, Karl H. 1995. Girdle-tailed lizards of the genus Cordylus. Reptiles 3 (6): 8-24
  • Werning, H. 2015. Jurassic World im Wohnzimmer. Mini-Dinos für das Terrarium. Reptilia (Münster) 20 (114): 26-37 - get paper here
  • Ziegler, T. 2005. Nachzuchterfolge 2002 im Aquarium des Kölner Zoos. Herpetofauna 25 (142): 22-24 [2003/2004] - get paper here
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