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Correlophus ciliatus GUICHENOT, 1866

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Higher TaxaDiplodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Crested Gecko, Eyelash Gecko
G: Kronengecko 
SynonymCorrelophus ciliatus GUICHENOT 1866: 249
Rhacodactylus ciliatus — BOULENGER 1883
Rhacodactylus ciliatus — BOULENGER 1885: 180
Rhacodactylus ciliatus — ROUX 1913: 102
Rhacodactylus ciliatus — WERMUTH 1965: 158
Rhacodactylus ciliatus — KLUGE 1993
Rhacodactylus ciliatus — RÖSLER 2000: 108
Correlophus ciliatus — BAUER et al. 2012
Rhacodactylus ciliatus — BAUER 2013 (plates) 
DistributionEC New Caledonia

Type locality: New Caledonia.  
TypesLectotype: MNHN-RA 701A (designated by Bauer 1990) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus). Correlophus may be distinguished from all other New Caledonian diplodactylid geckos by the following combination of character states: body large (to 135 mm SVL); head large; tail approximately 80–92% of SVL; dorsal scalation granular, homogeneous or mostly so; extensive skin folds lacking, but small ventrolateral folds and folds on the posterior margins of the limbs present in some species; a pair of crests comprised of enlarged triangular scales extending from behind orbits and onto body dorsum, or pale markings delimiting the equivalent area; expanded undivided subdigital lamellae under all toes; webbing between digits weakly to moderately developed; claw of digit I of manus and pes positioned lateral to a single, undivided apical lamella; precloacal pores in two to three rows in males (40–60 pores in total), extending on to basal 40% of thighs; dorsal color pattern brown, olive, yellowish, reddish, or orangey usually with or without contrasting markings on the crown, vertebral area or on flanks; venter beige to color of dorsum. 
CommentPhoto on the cover of Herp. Review 31 (3), 2000.

Conservation: Maybe extinct according to BAUER & SADLIER (1993), but rediscovered on the Île des Pins in the 1990s (Storelli 1994; Seipp & Klemmer 1994; Kullmann 1995). Since then it has become one of the most popular of all lizard pets and is bred in at least the tens of thousands around the world (Baldwin & Repashy 1998; Both 1999; Bach 2006).

Type Species: Correlophus ciliatus Guichenot, 1866 is the type species of the genus Correlophus GUICHENOT 1866. 
  • Andrews, Robin M. 2017. Novel Eggshell of the New Caledonian Diplodactylid Gecko Species Correlophus ciliatus (= Rhacodactylus ciliatus). Journal of Herpetology 51 (2): 173-177. - get paper here
  • Bach, S. 2004. Haltung und Nachzucht des Höckerkopfgeckos, Rhacodactylus auriculatus BAVAY 1869. Draco 5 (18): 82-87 - get paper here
  • Bach, S. 2006. Der Kronengecko, Rhacodactylus ciliatus. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 64 pp. - get paper here
  • Bauer, A. M. & SADLIER, R. A. (eds.) 2000. The herpetofauna of New Caledonia. Contributions to Herpetology, 17; Society for Study Amphibians and Reptiles, Ithaca, New York.
  • Bauer, A.M. 2013. Geckos - The Animal Answer Guide. Johns Hopkins University Press, 159 pp.
  • Bauer, A.M. & Sadlier,R.A. 1993. Systematics, biogeography and conservation of the lizards of New Caledonia. Biodiv. Lett. 1: 107-122 - get paper here
  • Bauer, A.M., and Sadlier, R.A. 2001. New data on the distribution, status, and biology of the giant New Caledonian geckos (Squamata: Diplodactylidae: Rhacodactylus spp.). Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 2 (1): 24-29 [2000] - get paper here
  • Bauer, Aaron M. 1995. Geckos of the genus Rhacodactylus. Reptiles 3 (7): 32-49
  • BAUER, AARON M.; TODD R. JACKMAN, ROSS A. SADLIER & ANTHONY H. WHITAKER 2012. Revision of the giant geckos of New Caledonia (Reptilia: Diplodactylidae: Rhacodactylus). Zootaxa 3404: 1–52 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1883. On the geckos of New Caledonia. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1883: 116—130. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Daza, Juan D. and Aaron M. Bauer 2012. Temporal Bones of the Gekkota Support Molecular Relationships within the Pygopodoidea. Journal of Herpetology 46 (3): 381-386. - get paper here
  • de Vosjoli, Philippe;Fast, Frank 1995. Notes from a herpetological field trip to New Caledonia, part two. Notes on three species of New Caledonian geckos of the genus Rhacodactylus. Vivarium 6 (6): 26-29;53-54
  • Gérard, Philippe. 1999. Rhacodactylus ciliatus, the enigmatic crested gecko. Reptilia (GB) (9):27-33 - get paper here
  • Giuseppe, Marco Di; Albert Martines Silvestre,Marco Luparello,Laura Faraci 2017. Post-Ovulatory Dystocia in Two Small Lizards: Leopard Gecko (Eublepharis macularius) and Crested Gecko (Correlophus ciliatus). Russ. J. Herpetol. 24 (2): 128-132 - get paper here
  • Good, D. A., A. M. Bauer & Sadlier, R.A. 1997. Allozyme evidence for the phylogeny of giant New Caledonian geckos (Squamata: Diplodactylidae: Rhacodactylus), with comments on the status of R. leachianus henkeli. Australian Journal of Zoology 45: 317-330 - get paper here
  • Grabar, Rachel D.; Casey A. Gilman, and Duncan J. Irschick 2016. Effects of Surface Diameter on Jumping Kinematics and Performance in Two Arboreal Gecko Species (Correlophus ciliatus and Rhacodactylus auriculatus). Herpetologica 72 (1): 32-39. - get paper here
  • Griffing, A. H., Sanger, T. J., Epperlein, L., Bauer, A. M., Cobos, A., Higham, T. E., ... & Gamble, T. 2021. And thereby hangs a tail: morphology, developmental patterns and biomechanics of the adhesive tails of crested geckos (Correlophus ciliatus). Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 288(1953), 20210650 - get paper here
  • Guichenot, A. 1866. Notice sur un nouveau genre de sauriens de la famille des geckotiens du Muséum de Paris. Mémoires de la Société Scientifique Naturelle de Chérbourg, 12:248-252.
  • Hamper, R. 2003. The Crested Gecko in Captivity. Eco Publishing, Lansing, MI, 69 pp.
  • Henkel, Friedrich Wilhelm 2008. Beobachtungen an Neukaledonischen Riesengeckos in der Natur. Draco 9 (36): 14-22 - get paper here
  • Hudel, L., Georg, L. and Henkel, L. 2020. New distribution records: four species of giant geckos (Gekkota: Diplodactylidae) occur in syntopy on Ile des Pins, New Caledonia. Herpetology Notes 13: 261-265. - get paper here
  • Klusmeyer, B. 1999. Rhacodactylus ciliatus (GUICHENOT, 1866). Sauria 21 (3) Suppl.: 467-470 - get paper here
  • Kunz, K. 2012. Bild schön! Fotografie von Terrarientieren. Reptilia (Münster) 17 (94): 20-26 - get paper here
  • Kwet, Axel 2013. Ist die Terraristik noch zu retten? Terraria-Elaphe 2013 (5): 14-27 - get paper here
  • Love, B. & Hanley, K. &S. 2005. Rhacodactylus ciliatus, Crested Gecko, Eyelash gecko (Guichenot 1866). Reptilia (GB) (39): 43-46 - get paper here
  • Röll, B. & Henkel, F.W. 2003. Männlein oder Weiblein? Reptilia (Münster) 8 (43): 68-71 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Rösler, Herbert 1995. Geckos der Welt - Alle Gattungen. Urania, Leipzig, 256 pp.
  • Roux,J. 1913. Les reptiles de de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et des îles Loyalty. In: Nova Caledonia, Recherches scientifiques en Nouvelle Calédonie et aux Iles Loyalty. Zoologie. (vol. 1, L. 2). Sarasin, F. & Roux,J. (eds.). C.W. Kreidel’s Verlag, Wiesbaden, pp. 79-160 - get paper here
  • SAMEIT, J. 2018. Anmerkung zum Alter eines Kronengeckos (Correlophus ciliatus Guichenot, 1866. Sauria 40 (3): 85-86 - get paper here
  • SANCHEZ, Mickaël 2015. A new locality for Correlophus ciliatus and Rhacodactylus leachianus (Sauria: Diplodactylidae) from Néhoué River, northern New Caledonia. Herpetology Notes 8: 553-555 - get paper here
  • Schönecker, P. 2012. Insektenfreie Fütterung omnivorer Geckoarten im Terrarium – Ein Futter aus den USA hält Einzug in die Geckohaltung. Reptilia (Münster) 17 (97): 46-54 - get paper here
  • Schönecker, P. 2015. Rhacodactylus – Vielfältige Riesen aus Neukaledonien. Reptilia (Münster) 20 (113): 14-23 - get paper here
  • Schönecker, Patrick & Stefanie Schönecker 2008. Die Gattung Rhacodactylus. Draco 9 (36): 4-13 - get paper here
  • SCHÖNECKER, Patrick & Christian LANGNER 2012. Neue Namen und alte Bekannte – Gattungsrevision der Neukaledonischen Riesengeckos (Rhacodactylus) und weiterer Geckogattungen Neukaledoniens. Terraria-Elaphe 2012 (6): 58-65 - get paper here
  • Seipp R. Klemmer K. 1994. Wiederentdeckung von Rhacodactylus ciliatus Guichenot 1866 im Süden Neukaledoniens (Reptilia: Sauria: Gekkonidae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 74, (1-2): 199- 204
  • Vences M, Henkel FW & Seipp,R 2001. Molekulare Untersuchungen zur Phylogenie und Taxonomie der Neukaledonischen Geckos der Gattung Rhacodactylus (Reptilia: Gekkonidae). Salamandra 37 (2): 73-82 - get paper here
  • Wirth, Michael & Dennis Peukert 2008. Kobolde im Blätterdach – der Kronengecko, Rhacodactylus ciliatus. Draco 9 (36): 23-36 - get paper here
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