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Crotalus catalinensis CLIFF, 1954

IUCN Red List - Crotalus catalinensis - Critically Endangered, CR

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Catalina Island Rattlesnake
G: Santa-Catalina-Klapperschlange
S: Cascabel de Santa Catalina 
SynonymCrotalus catalinensis CLIFF 1954
Crotalus catalinensis — LINER 1994
Crotalus catalinensis — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 278
Hoserea (Crutchfieldus) catalinensis — HOSER 2009
Crotalus catalinensis — WILSON et al. 2013
Crotalus catalinensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 189 
DistributionMexico (restricted to Santa Catalina Island in the Gulf of California

Type locality: "Isla Santa Catalina in the Gulf of California, [Baja California Sur] Mexico."  
TypesHolotype: CAS-SUR 15631 

Nomenclature: Hoser’s 2009 classification and nomenclature has been rejected as unnecessary and unavailable by WÜSTER & BERNILS 2011. 
  • Arnaud, Gustavo and Marcio Martins 2019. Living Without a Rattle: The Biology and Conservation of the Rattlesnake, Crotalus catalinensis, from Santa Catalina Island, Mexico. in: Lillywhite, H.B & Martins, M. (eds.) Islands and Snakes, OUP, pp. 241 ff.
  • Beaman, Kent R. and Nelson Wong 2001. Crotalus catalinensis Cliff Santa Catalina Island Rattless Rattlesnake. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (733): 1-4 - get paper here
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Cliff, Frank S. 1954. Snakes of the islands in the Gulf of California, Mexico. Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 12 (5): 67-98 - get paper here
  • GARCÍA-PADILLA, ELI; JORGE H. VALDEZ VILLAVICENCIO, ANNY PERALTA GARCÍA 2018. Las Serpientes de Cascabel más allá del continente. Especies - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Hoser, R. 2009. A reclassification of the rattlesnakes; species formerly exclusively referred to the genera Crotalus and Sistrurus. Australasian J. Herpetol. 3: 1-21 - get paper here
  • Kisser, P. 1980. Zur Kernntnis der Klapperschlangen. Herpetofauna 2 (5): 6-10 - get paper here
  • Martins, Marcio; Gustavo Arnaud, and Hector Ávila-Villegas 2012. Juvenile Recruitment, Early Growth, and Morphological Variation in the Endangered Santa Catalina Island Rattlesnake Crotalus catalinensis. Herp. Cons. Biology 7 (3): - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Meik, Jesse M and André Pires-daSilva 2009. Evolutionary morphology of the rattlesnake style. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2009, 9:35 - get paper here
  • Meik, Jesse M. and Gordon W. Schuett 2016. Structure, Ontogeny, and Evolutionary Development of the Rattlesnake Rattle. - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Rabatsky, Ali, Travis LaDuc and Brad R. Moon. 2013. Crotalus catalinensis (Santa Catalina Island rattlesnake) diet. Herpetological Review 44 (2): 329-330 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wilson, Larry David; Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson 2013. A conservation reassessment of the reptiles of Mexico based on the EVS measure. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 7 (1): 1–47 - get paper here
  • Wüster, W. & Bérnils, R.S. 2011. On the generic classification of the rattlesnakes, with special reference to the Neotropical Crotalus durissus complex (Squamata: Viperidae). ZOOLOGIA 28 (4): 417–419 - get paper here
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