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Crotalus tzabcan KLAUBER, 1952

IUCN Red List - Crotalus tzabcan - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Yucatan Neotropical Rattlesnake 
SynonymCrotalus durissus tzabcan KLAUBER 1952: 71
Crotalus durissus tzabcan — NEILL & ALLEN 1959: 59
Crotalus simus tzabcan — CAMPBELL & LAMAR 2004
Crotalus tzabcan — QUIJADA-MASCAREÑAS & WÜSTER 2006
Caudisona tzabcan — HOSER 2009
Crotalus tzabcan — WALLACH et al. 2014: 196 
DistributionMexico (Quintana Roo, Yucatan south to El Peten, Campeche), Guatemala, Belize

Type locality: "Kantunil, Yucatan, Mexico."  
TypesHolotype: FMNH 36168 
CommentNomenclature: Hoser’s 2009 classification and nomenclature has been rejected as unnecessary and unavailable by WÜSTER & BERNILS 2011.

Species group: Crotalus durissus complex, which includes durissus, simus, culminatus, and tzabcan. 
  • Aguilar-López JL, Luría-Manzano R, Pineda E, Canseco-Márquez L 2021. Selva Zoque, Mexico: an important Mesoamerican tropical region for reptile species diversity and conservation. ZooKeys 1054: 127-153 - get paper here
  • Campbell, Jonathan A. and William W. Lamar 2004. The Venomous Reptiles of the Western Hemisphere, 2 vols. Comstock (Cornell University Press), Ithaca, NY, 962 pp. [review in Science 305: 182]
  • Carbajal-Márquez, R. A., D. González-Solís y J. R. Cedeño-Vázquez. 2018. Endoparasites of Crotalus tzabcan (Serpentes: Viperidae), with a checklist in rattlesnakes. Journal of Parasitic Diseases 42(2): 303-314 - get paper here
  • Carbajal-Márquez, R. A., J. R. Cedeño-Vázquez, M. Martins, G. Köhler. 2020. Life history, activity pattern and morphology of Crotalus tzabcan (Serpentes: Viperidae). Herpetological Conservation and Biology 15 (1): 228-237 - get paper here
  • Carbajal-Márquez, Rubén A.; J. Rogelio Cedeño-Vázquez, David González-Solís, Marcio Martins 2020. Diet and Feeding Ecology of Crotalus tzabcan (Serpentes: Viperidae). South American J. Herp. 15 (1): 9-19 - get paper here
  • Carbajal-Márquez, Rubén Alonso; José Rogelio Cedeño-Vázquez 2017. The swimming behaviour of Tzabcan Rattlesnake, Crotalus tzabcan Klauber, 1952 (Squamata: Viperidae). Herpetology Notes 10: 673-674 - get paper here
  • CARBAJAL-MÁRQUEZ, RUBÉN ALONSO; JOSÉ ROGELIO CEDEÑO-VÁZQUEZ, ARELY MARTÍNEZ-ARCE, EDGAR NERI-CASTRO, SALIMA C. MACHKOUR- M’RABET 2020. Accessing cryptic diversity in Neotropical rattlesnakes (Serpentes: Viperidae: Crotalus) with the description of two new species. Zootaxa 4729 (4): 451–481 - get paper here
  • Carbajal-Márquez, Rubén Alonso; José Rogelio Cedeño-Vázquez, Christian Martin García-Balderas, Tania Ramírez-Valverde, Gustavo Ernesto Quintero-Díaz 2018. The Defensive Behaviour of Tzabcan Rattlesnake, Crotalus tzabcan Klauber, 1952 (Squamata: Viperidae). Herpetology Notes 11: 429-431 - get paper here
  • González-Sánchez, V. H., J. D. Johnson, E. García-Padilla, V. Mata-Silva, D. L. DeSantis and L. D. Wilson. 2017. The Herpetofauna of the Mexican Yucatan Peninsula: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(2): 264–380 - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Hoser, R. 2009. A reclassification of the rattlesnakes; species formerly exclusively referred to the genera Crotalus and Sistrurus. Australasian J. Herpetol. 3: 1-21 - get paper here
  • Klauber, Laurence M. 1952. Taxonomic studies on rattlesnakes of Mainland Mexico. Bulletins of the Zoological Society of San Diego (26): 1-143 - get paper here
  • Meik, Jesse M and André Pires-daSilva 2009. Evolutionary morphology of the rattlesnake style. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2009, 9:35 - get paper here
  • Nahuat-Cervera, Pedro Enrique 2020. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hobonil Educative Center, Tzucacab, Yucatán, Mexico. Rev. Latinoamer. Herp. 3 (1): 53-65 - get paper here
  • Neill, Wilfred T. and E. Ross Allen. 1959. Studies on the amphibians and reptiles of British Honduras. Publications of the Research Division Ross Allen's Reptiles Institute. 2 (1): 1-76
  • Platt, Steven G., Thomas R. Rainwater, Jan C. Meerman and Stanlee M. Miller. 2016. Nature Notes. Notes on the diet, foraging behavior, and venom of some snakes in Belize. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 162–170 - get paper here
  • Quijada-Mascareñas & Wüster, W. 2006. Crotalus durissus complex: from Yucatan to Patagonia: the natural history of the Neotropical rattlesnake. Reptilia (GB) (49): 66-73 - get paper here
  • Quijada-Mascareñas & Wüster, W. 2006. On the Origins and Dispersal of Neotropical Rattlesnakes in South America. CAH/ACH Bulletin 14 (1): 6-12 - get paper here
  • Ukuwela, K.D.B., de Silva, A., Sivaruban, A. et al. 2022. Diversity, distribution, and natural history of the marine snakes of Sri Lanka. Marine Biodiversity 52, 24 (2022) - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wüster, W. & Bérnils, R.S. 2011. On the generic classification of the rattlesnakes, with special reference to the Neotropical Crotalus durissus complex (Squamata: Viperidae). ZOOLOGIA 28 (4): 417–419 - get paper here
  • Yañez-Arenas, C., S. Castaño-Quintero, R. Rioja-Nieto, K. Rodríguez-Medina & X. Chiappa-Carrara 2020. Assessing the Relative Role of Environmental Factors That Limit the Distribution of the Yucatan Rattlesnake (Crotalus tzabcan) Journal of Herpetology 54 (2): 216-224. - get paper here
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