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Cryptoblepharus africanus (STERNFELD, 1918)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae (Eugongylini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: African Coral Rag Skink, East-African Snake-eyed Skink
G: Afrikanischer Natternaugenskink 
SynonymAblepharus boutonii africanus STERNFELD 1918
Ablepharus boutonii africanus — MERTENS 1931: 195
Ablepharus boutoni africanus — GANS et al. 1965
Cryptoblepharus africanus — GREER 1974: 21
Cryptoblepharus boutonii africanus — MEERMAN 1979
Cryptoblepharus africanus — LANZA 1990
Cryptoblepharus boutonii africanus — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 16
Cryptoblepharus boutonii africanus — SPAWLS & ROTICH 1997
Cryptoblepharus boutonii africanus — ROCHA et al. 2006
Cryptoblepharus africanus — HORNER 2007: 133
Cryptoblepharus africanus — BATES et al. 2014: 258
Cryptopblepharus africanus — MALONZA et al. 2017 (in error)
Cryptoblepharus africanus — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 163 
DistributionSomalia (coastal areas), Kenya, Tanzania, Mafia Island, south to Zululand, Republic of South Africa (extreme E KwaZulu-Natal)

Type locality: Manda Island, Malindi (Kenya) and Pemba Island.  
TypesHolotype: SMF 15550 (= Kat. MERTENS 6348, 2a); A. VOELTZKOW 1. 1905. 
CommentBRYGOO (1986) synonymized Cryptoblepharus (boutonii) africanus with Cryptoblepharus boutonii. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Gans, C.; LAURENT, R.F. & PANDIT, H. 1965. Notes on a herpetological collection from the Somali Republic. Ann. Mus. Roy. Afr. Centr., Sér. 8vo, Tervuren, (80) Zool., (134): 1-93
  • Greer, A.E. 1974. The generic relationships of the scincid lizard genus Leiolopisma and its relatives. Australian Journal of Zoology 31: 1-67. - get paper here
  • Horner, P. 2007. Systematics of the snake-eyed skinks, Cryptoblepharus Wiegmann (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae) - an Australian based review. The Beagle Supplement 3: 21-198
  • Lanza, B. 1990. Amphibians and reptiles of the Somali Democratic Republic: check list and biogeography. Biogeographia, 14: 407-465 [1988] - get paper here
  • Malonza, Patrick K.; David M. Mulwa, Joash O. Nyamache, Georgina Jones 2017. Biogeography of the Shimba Hills ecosystem herpetofauna in Kenya. Zoological Research 38(5): 1-11 - get paper here
  • Meerman, J.C. 1979. Enkele herpetologische waarnemingen in Tanzania. Lacerta 37 (10-11): 154-163 - get paper here
  • Mertens,R. 1931. Ablepharus boutonii (DESJARDIN) und seine geographische Variation. Zool. Jahrb. Syst. 61: 63-210
  • Rocha, Sara; Carretero, Miguel A.; Vences, Miguel; Glaw, Frank; Harris, D. James 2006. Deciphering patterns of transoceanic dispersal: the evolutionary origin and biogeography of coastal lizards (Cryptoblepharus) in the Western Indian Ocean region. Journal of Biogeography 33:13-22 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S. & Rotich, D. 1997. An annotated checklist of the lizards of Kenya. J. East African Nat. Hist. 86: 61-83
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Sternfeld, R. 1918. Zur Tiergeographie Papuasiens und der pazifischen Inselwelt. Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. (Frankfurt) 36: 375-436 - get paper here
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