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Ctenophorus isolepis (FISCHER, 1881)

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Amphibolurinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesCtenophorus isolepis citrinus (STORR 1965)
Ctenophorus isolepis gularis (STERNFELD 1925)
Ctenophorus isolepis isolepis (FISCHER 1881) 
Common NamesE: Military Sand-dragon, Military Dragon 
SynonymGrammatophora isolepis FISCHER 1881: 232
Amphibolurus isolepis — COGGER 1983
Phthanodon isolepis — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 19
Ctenophorus isolepis — COGGER 2000: 316
Ctenophorus isolepis — BARTS & WILMS 2003
Ctenophorus isolepis — WILSON & SWAN 2010

Ctenophorus isolepis gularis (STERNFELD 1925)
Amphibolurus maculatus gularis STERNFELD 1925: 231
Amphibolurus maculatus gularis — GLAUERT 1959
Phthanodon gularis — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 18
Ctenophorus isolepis gularis — WILSON & SWAN 2013

Ctenophorus isolepis citrinus (STORR 1965)
Amphibolurus isolepis citrinus STORR 1965
Phthanodon citrinus — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 18
Ctenophorus isolepis citrinus — WILSON & SWAN 2013 
DistributionAustralia (Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia)

isolepis: N Western Australia and Northern Territory; Type locality: Western Australia. Restricted to Nickol Bay, W. A. by STORR 1965.

citrinus: southern interior of Western Australia; Type locality: 2 mi W of Boorabbin, in 31° 12’ S, 120° 17’ E, W. A.

gularis: C and S interior of Western Australia and C Australia
rubens: Exmouth Gulf region, Western Australia; Type locality: Hermannsburg Mission, upper Finke River, N. T.  
TypesLectotype: SMNS 2051. Lectotype designated by Wells & Wellington (1985), although they state that the lectotype is "the larger of two specimens" under that number. Cogger et al. (1983) lists only a single specimen for SMNS 2051, but two specimens (the other types) under ZMB 10072.
Lectotype: SMF 10294, designated by Wermuth (1967); Paralectotype: ZMB 29662, "Finke-River, Zentralaustralien", leg. M. Leonhardi. Terra typica: Missionsstation Hermannsburg, oberer Finke-Fluß, Zentralaustralien [gularis]
Holotype: WAM R21706 [citrinus] 
CommentSubspecies: Ctenophorus isolepis rubens (STORR 1965) has been elevated to full species.

Habitat: shrubs, hummock grass, sand.

Abundance: common, with more than 2000 specimens collected (Pianka 2011) 
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Doughty, P.; Maryan, B.; Melville, J. & Austin, J. 2007. A new species of Ctenophorus (Lacertlia: Agamidae) from Lake Disappointment, Western Australia. Herpetologica 63 (1): 72-86 - get paper here
  • Ellis, Ryan J. 2019. An annotated type catalogue of the dragon lizards (Reptilia: Squamata: Agamidae) in the collection of the Western Australian Museum. Records of the Western Australian Museum 34: 115–132 - get paper here
  • Fischer, J. G. 1881. Beschreibung neuer Reptilien. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 47 (1): 225-238 - get paper here
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • Glauert, L. 1959. Herpetological Miscellanea. XI. Dragon Lizards of the Genus Amphibolurus. Western Australian Naturalist 7 (2): 42-51 - get paper here
  • Melville, Jane; Schulte, James A.; Larson, Allan 2001. A molecular phylogenetic study of ecological diversification in the Australian lizard genus Ctenophorus. Journal of Experimental Zoology: Molecular and Developmental Evolution 291(4): 339-353 - get paper here
  • Pianka, Eric R. 1971. Ecology of the agamid lizard Amphibolurus isolepis in western Australia. Copeia 1971 (3): 527-536 - get paper here
  • Schlüter, A. & Hallermann, J. 1997. The Type Specimens in the Herpetological Collection of the Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde in Stuttgart. Stuttgarter Beitr. Naturk. Ser. A (553): 1-15 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, D. 2010. Naturterrarium oder Heimtierkäfig? Reptilia (Münster) 15 (84): 24-33 - get paper here
  • Sternfeld, R. 1925. Beiträge zur Herpetologie Inner-Australiens. Abhandlungen Herausgegeben von der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 38: 221—251
  • Storr, G. M. 1965. The Amphibolurus maculatus species-group (Lacertilia: Agamidae) in Western Australia. J R. Soc. West. Aust. 48: 45-54
  • Storr, SMITH & JOHNSTONE 1983. Lizards of Western Australia 2, Dragons and Monitors. p. 29, Pl. 5
  • Wells R W; Wellington C R 1984. A synopsis of the class Reptilia in Australia. Australian Journal of Herpetology 1 (3-4): 73-129 [1983]
  • Wermuth, Heinz 1967. Liste der rezenten Amphibien und Reptilien. Agamidae. Das Tierreich 86: 1-127
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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