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Ctenophorus ornatus (GRAY, 1845)

IUCN Red List - Ctenophorus ornatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Amphibolurinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Ornate Crevice-dragon, Ornate Dragon 
SynonymGrammatophora ornatus GRAY 1845: 253
Amphibolurus ornatus — BOULENGER 1885: 382
Amphibolurus tibialis AHL 1926
Amphibolurus ornatus — KINGHORN 1924
Amphibolurus ornatus — COGGER 1983
Ctenophorus ornatus — COGGER 2000: 320
Ctenophorus ornatus — WILSON & SWAN 2010 
DistributionAustralia (Western Australia)

Type locality: Western Australia  
Reproductionoviparous. Exhibits temperature‐dependent sex determination (TSD) fide Cornejo-Páramo et al. 2020 (and references therein). 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.4.42
Holotype: ZMB 30100, from Australia [tibialis] 
CommentSynonymy that of Cogger 1983. According to DENZER et al. 1997, Amphibolurus tibialis AHL 1926 is a synonym of Ctenophorus reticulatus.

Habitat/Lifestyle: saxicolous (rock-dwelling) 
EtymologyThe Latin ornata, -us, = decorated" or "ornamented," refers to the ornate coloration. 
  • Ahl, E. 1926. Neue Eidechsen und Amphibien. Zool. Anz. 67: 186-192
  • Baverstock PR, Bradshaw SD 1975. Variation in rate of growth and adrenal corticosteroidogenesis in field and laboratory populations of the lizard Amphibolurus ornatus. Comp Biochem Physiol 52A:557-566 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Bradshaw SD 1970. Seasonal changes in the water and electrolyte metabolism of Amphibolurus lizards in the field. Comp Biochem Physiol 36:689-718 - get paper here
  • Bradshaw SD 1971. Growth and mortality in a field population of Amphibolurus lizards exposed to seasonal cold and aridity. Journal of Zoology 165:1-25
  • Bradshaw SD, Main AR 1968. Behavioural attitudes and regulation of temperature in Amphibolurus lizards. Journal of Zoology 154:193-221
  • Bradshaw SD, Shoemaker VH 1967. Aspects of water and electrolyte changes in a field population of Amphibolurus lizards. Comp Biochem Physiol 20:855-865 - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Cornejo-Páramo, P., Lira-Noriega, A., Ramírez-Suástegui, C. et al. 2020. Sex determination systems in reptiles are related to ambient temperature but not to the level of climatic fluctuation. BMC Evol Biol 20: 103 - get paper here
  • Glauert, L. 1959. Herpetological Miscellanea. XI. Dragon Lizards of the Genus Amphibolurus. Western Australian Naturalist 7 (2): 42-51 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Kinghorn, J. Roy 1924. Reptiles and batrachians from south and south-west Australia. Rec. Austral. Mus. 14 (3): 163-183 - get paper here
  • Lebas N.R.; Spencer P.B.S. 2000. Polymorphic microsatellite markers in the ornate dragon lizard, Ctenophorus ornatus. Molecular Ecology 9 (3): 365-366 - get paper here
  • Melville, J., Haines, M. L., Hale, J., Chapple, S. and Ritchie, E. G. 2016. Concordance in phylogeography and ecological niche modelling identify dispersal corridors for reptiles in arid Australia. J. Biogeography, doi:10.1111/jbi.12739 - get paper here
  • Melville, Jane; Schulte, James A.; Larson, Allan 2001. A molecular phylogenetic study of ecological diversification in the Australian lizard genus Ctenophorus. Journal of Experimental Zoology: Molecular and Developmental Evolution 291(4): 339-353 - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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