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Ctenophorus reticulatus (GRAY, 1845)

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Amphibolurinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Western Netted Ground-dragon, Western Netted Dragon 
SynonymGrammatophora reticulatus GRAY 1845: 252
Grammatophora laevis GÜNTHER 1867: 52
Amphibolurus reticulatus — BOULENGER 1885: 386
Amphibolurus reticulatus — STERNFELD 1925: 233
Amphibolurus darlingtoni LOVERIDGE 1932: 33
Amphibolurus darlingtoni — GLAUERT 1959
Amphibolurus reticulatus — LICHT et al. 1966
Amphibolurus reticulatus — COGGER 1983
Ctenophorus reticulatus — COGGER 2000: 322
Ctenophorus reticulatus — WILSON & SWAN 2010
Ctenophorus reticulatus — CHAPPLE et al. 2019: 68 
DistributionAustralia (South Australia, Western Australia)

Type locality: Western Australia  
TypesLectotype: BMNH 1946.9.4.35 (formerly xxiii.48a), Western Australia, collected J. Gilbert. Designation by Wells & Wellington (1985).
Syntypes: BMNH 1946.9.4.37-40, from Champion Bay, W. A. [laevis]
Holotype: MCZ 32958, from Mullewa, W. A.; paratype: WAM R4460 (formerly MCZ 32960) [darlingtoni] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (reticulatus group): The reticulatus group consists of stout, terrestrial (usually burrowing) lizards with relatively short head, tail, limbs and digits, a considerably depressed body, and relatively smooth lepidosis. Nuchal scales, except along midline, very small (almost granular) . Dorsolateral body scales little larger, but they and dorsals (which increase in size towards midline) may be mixed with large, fiat, generally whitish scales arranged in approximately transverse rows. No dorsal crest. Subdigital lamellae very sharply bicarinate. Femoral and preanal pores present in both sexes and juveniles.
Dorsal colour pattern usually consists of either (1) a series of dark blotches along each side of midline, alternating with pale transverse bars or rows of spots; or (2) a dark reticulum. Both kinds of pattern may be present within a single taxon, either as individual, age or sexual variants. 
CommentSynonymy that of Cogger 1983. According to DENZER et al. 1997, Amphibolurus tibialis AHL 1926 is a synonym of Ctenophorus reticulatus (currently of C. ornatus).

Lifestyle: burrowing.

Group: Storr 1966 defined the reticulatus group as containing reticulatus, inermis, clayi, salinarum, and pictus. 
EtymologyFrom the Latin reticulatus, made like a net. In reference to the net-like dorsal pattern in this species. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Chapple, David G.; Reid Tingley, Nicola J. Mitchell, Stewart L. Macdonald, J. Scott Keogh, Glenn M. Shea, Philip Bowles, Neil A. Cox, John C. Z. Woinarski 2019. The Action Plan for Australian Lizards and Snakes 2017. CSIRO, 663 pp. DOI: 10.1071/9781486309474 - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Doody, J. Sean, Simon Cherriman and Jeff Turpin. 2015. Ctenophorus reticulatus (western netted dragon), Ctenophorus caudicinctus (ring-tailed dragon), and Egerina eos (central pygmy spiny-tailed skink) predation. Herpetological Review 46 (3): 433 - get paper here
  • Doughty, P.; Maryan, B.; Melville, J. & Austin, J. 2007. A new species of Ctenophorus (Lacertlia: Agamidae) from Lake Disappointment, Western Australia. Herpetologica 63 (1): 72-86 - get paper here
  • Escoriza Boj, D. 2005. Australia. Reptiles and Amphibians, Part 2: Desert and tropical savanna. Reptilia (GB) (41): 52-57 - get paper here
  • Glauert, L. 1959. Herpetological Miscellanea. XI. Dragon Lizards of the Genus Amphibolurus. Western Australian Naturalist 7 (2): 42-51 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1867. Additions to the knowledge of Australian reptiles and fishes. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (3) 20: 45-57 - get paper here
  • Hallermann, J. 2020. An annotated list of reptiles and amphibians from the 1905 Hamburg expedition to southwest Australia deposited in the Zoological Museum Hamburg. Evolutionary Systematics 4: 61 - get paper here
  • Kinghorn, J. Roy 1924. Reptiles and batrachians from south and south-west Australia. Rec. Austral. Mus. 14 (3): 163-183 - get paper here
  • Licht, P., W.R. Dawson & V.H. Shoemaker 1966. Heat resistance of some Australian lizards Copeia 1966 (2): 162-169. - get paper here
  • Licht, P., W.R. Dawson, V.H. Shoemaker & A.R. Main 1966. Observations on the thermal relations of Western Australian lizards Copeia 1966 (1): 97-110. - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1932. New lizards of the genera Nephrurus and Amphibolurus from Western Australia. Proc. New England zool. Club 13:31-34.
  • Melville, Jane; Schulte, James A.; Larson, Allan 2001. A molecular phylogenetic study of ecological diversification in the Australian lizard genus Ctenophorus. Journal of Experimental Zoology: Molecular and Developmental Evolution 291(4): 339-353 - get paper here
  • Pianka, E. R. 1969. Habitat specificity, speciation, and species density in Australian desert lizards. Ecology 50 (3): 498-502 - get paper here
  • Sternfeld, R. 1925. Beiträge zur Herpetologie Inner-Australiens. Abhandlungen Herausgegeben von der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 38: 221—251
  • Storr, G. M. 1966. The Amphibolurus reticulatus species-group (Lacertilia: Agamidae) in Western Australia. J R. Soc. West. Aust. 49: 17-25
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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