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Ctenotus labillardieri (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1839)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Common South-west Ctenotus 
SynonymTiliqua labillardi GRAY 1838 (nomen nudum)
Lygosoma labillardieri DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 731
Hinulia greyii GRAY 1845: 76
Lygosoma (Sphenomorphus) labillardiri [sic] — SMITH 1937: 220
Lygosoma (Sphenomorphus) labillardieri — FORD 1963
Sphenomorphus labillardieri — LIGHT et al. 1966
Ctenotus labillardieri — COGGER 1983: 148
Ctenotus labillardieri — COGGER 2000: 430
Ctenotus labillardieri — WILSON & SWAN 2010 
DistributionAustralia (Western Australia)

Type locality: Australia and Waigeo (as Waigieu) and Rawack Ils., Indonesia  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesSyntypes: MNHN-RA 2980 (3 specimens), New Holland, collected Péron & Lesueur; 2981 (2934), 2981A, New Holland, collected Labillardière; 7117 (2932), 7117A, New Holland, collected Quoy & Gaimard (Roux-Estève 1979). Syntypes: MNHN-RA 1994.1247 (formerly 2980A) and MNHN-RA 1994.1248 (formerly MNHN-RA 2980B) not indicated a types in MNHN catalogue, cited as "type" by Roux-Estève (1979).
Holotype: BMNH 1946. 8. 19. 57, from Swan River, W. A. [Hinulia greyii] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A member of the labillardieri group with reddish legs heavily marked with black. Further distinguishable from gemmula, delli and catenifer by the white dorsolateral line con tinuous ii.e. not broken into a series of short dashes) (Storr 1974: 90).

Description. Snout-vent length (mm): 25-76 (55.6). Length of appendages (% SVL): tail 142-213 (184); foreleg 20-31 (25.0); hindleg 31-51 (39.4). Nasals separated (very rarely in short con tact). Prefrontals separated (rarely in short contact). Supraoculars 4, first 2 (occasionally 3) in contact with frontal. Supraciliaries 6-9 (7.0). Palpebrals 7-12 (9.6). Second loreal 1.0-2.3 (1.54) times as wide as high. Upper labials 7 or 8 (7.4). Ear lobules 2-6 (3.8), obtuse or subacute. Nuchals 3 or 4 (occasionally 2 or 5, very rarely 6, mean 3.5). Midbody scale rows 24-31 (27.4). Lamellae under fourth toe 20-30 (24.5), each with a dark wide callus. Coloration in northern Darling Range.—Dor sum brown or olive, without pattern except for narrow black laterodorsal stripe from brow to base of tail (on which it becomes increasingly broken). White dorsolateral line from brow to tail. Black upper lateral zone usually immacu late, extending as a stripe forward through orbit nearly to tip of snout and backward nearly to end of tail. White midlateral stripe from upper lip to distal quarter of tail. Lower lateral zone blackish, enclosing a white ventrolateral stripe. Legs reddish brown, heavily blotched or streaked with black. Abdomen yellow. Coloration on Bald Island.— Dorsal ground colour olive. Black ragged-edged vertebral stripe usually present. Black laterodorsal stripe very wide, ragged edged, and enclosing a series of small white spots. White dorsolateral line not so straight as in northern specimens. Black upper lateral zone with 1-3 series of white dots. White midlateral stripe wavy, sometimes broken. Lower lateral zone blackish, irregularly spotted or variegated with white (Storr 1974: 90). 
CommentSynonymy after COGGER 1983.

Limb morphology: 5 digits, 5 toes (Singhal et al. 2018, Cogger 2014) 
References
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Brygoo, E.R. 1985. Les types des scincidés (Reptiles, Sauriens) du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, catalogue critique. Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. (4e sér.) 7 (sect. A 3), suppl.: 1-126
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol. 5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Ford, J. 1963. The Reptilian Fauna of the Islands between Dongara and Lancelin, Western Australia. Western Australian Naturalist 8 (6): 135-142 - get paper here
  • Ford, J. 1969. Distribution and variation of the skink Ctenotus labillardieri (Gray) of southwestern Australia. J R. Soc. West. Aust. 51: 68-75
  • Glauert, L. 1960. Herpetological miscellanea. XII. The family Scincidae in Western Australia. Pt. 2. The genus Lygosoma. Western Australian Naturalist 7 (4): 81-99 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1838. Catalogue of the slender-tongued saurians, with descriptions of many new genera and species. Part 1. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (1) 1: 274-283 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Hallermann, J. 2020. An annotated list of reptiles and amphibians from the 1905 Hamburg expedition to southwest Australia deposited in the Zoological Museum Hamburg. Evolutionary Systematics 4: 61 - get paper here
  • Kinghorn, J. Roy 1924. Reptiles and batrachians from south and south-west Australia. Rec. Austral. Mus. 14 (3): 163-183 - get paper here
  • Light, Paul; William R. Dawson, Vaughan H. Shoemaker, A. R. Main 1966. Observations on the Thermal Relations of Western Australian Lizards. Copeia 1966 (1): 97-110 - get paper here
  • Roux-Estève, R. 1979. Liste des Amphibiens et Reptiles des collections du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris, récoltés par Lesueur (1778-1846). Bull. Trim. Soc. Géol. Normandie et Amis Muséum du Havre 66: 25-29
  • Singhal, Sonal; Huateng Huang, Maggie R. Grundler, María R. Marchán-Rivadeneira, Iris Holmes, Pascal O. Title, Stephen C. Donnellan, and Daniel L. Rabosky 2018. Does Population Structure Predict the Rate of Speciation? A Comparative Test across Australia’s Most Diverse Vertebrate Radiation. The American Naturalist - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Storr, G. M. 1974. The genus Ctenotus (Lacertilia: Scincidae) in the South-west and Eucla Divisions of Western Australia. J R. Soc. West. Aust. 56: 86-93 [1973]
  • Storr, G. M., Smith, L. A. & Johnstone, R. E. 1981. Lizards of Western Australia. I. Skinks. Perth: University of Western Australia Press and Western Australian Museum, 200 pp.
  • Storr, G. M.; L. A. Smith, and R. E. Johnstone 1999. Lizards of Western Australia. I. Skinks. Revised Edition. Western Australian Museum
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
 
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