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Cubatyphlops anchaurus (THOMAS & HEDGES, 2007)

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Typhlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Maisi Blindsnake 
SynonymTyphlops anchaurus THOMAS & HEDGES 2007: 22
Cubatyphlops anchaurus — HEDGES et al. 2014
Typhlops anchaurus — PYRON & WALLACH 2014
Cubatyphlops anchaurus — NAGY et al. 2015
Typhlops anchaurus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 758 
DistributionExtreme E Cuba (Guantánamo Province)

Type locality: within 1 km of Cueva de Agua (2.5 km airline NW Maisí), Guantánamo Province, Cuba.  
TypesHolotype: MNHNCu 4553 (field tag number 190563), collected on 31 July 1989 by Richard Thomas. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A slender, moderate sized, and lightly pigmented species of the Typhlops biminiensis group distinguished from T. biminiensis in having a rostral with an acuminate posterior edge, not broadly rounded, and a more slender body (TL/MBD 63 versus 39–51). From T. arator, it differs in having 24–22 scale rows rather than 26–24 rows, in having fewer middorsal scales (514 versus 578–579), and in being more slender (TL/MBD 63 versus 51–55 in T. arator). From T. perimychus, it differs in having a greater number of middorsal scales (514 versus 453–496), a well-developed rostral protuberance (umbo), and a more slender body (TL/ MBD 63 versus 41–59). From T. anousius, it differs in having scale row reduction at 31% TL rather than 2% TL and in having a relatively smaller upper arm of the anterior nasal (ANTNAS/RW1 = 0.36 versus 0.40–0.64 in T. anousius). The latter trait also distinguishes T. anchaurus from T. notorachius (0.42–0.53) and T. contorhinus (0.49). Additionally, T. anchaurus differs from T. notorachius in having a more slender body (TL/ MBD 63 versus 45–57), and a well-developed umbo. From T. contorhinus, it also differs in having a relatively larger rostral (Fig. 10A), a smaller preocular apical diameter (Fig. 10C), relatively large eyes, and a smaller rostral indent (Fig. 10F). 
EtymologyFrom the Greek, anchauros, greeting the dawn, in reference to the type locality at the extreme eastern tip of Cuba. 
  • DOMÍNGUEZ, MICHEL & LUIS V. MORENO 2009. Taxonomy of the Cuban blind snakes (Scolecophidia, Typhlopidae), with the description of a new large species. Zootaxa 2028: 59-66 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Kornilios, P.; S. Giokas, P. Lymberakis, R. Sindaco 2013. Phylogenetic position, origin and biogeography of Palearctic and Socotran blind-snakes (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68 (1): 35–41 - get paper here
  • NAGY, ZOLTÁN T.; ANGELA B. MARION, FRANK GLAW, AURÉLIEN MIRALLES,<br />JOACHIM NOPPER, MIGUEL VENCES & S. BLAIR HEDGES 2015. Molecular systematics and undescribed diversity of Madagascan scolecophidian snakes (Squamata: Serpentes). Zootaxa 4040 (1): 031–047 - get paper here
  • Pyron, R.A. & Wallach, V. 2014. Systematics of the blindsnakes (Serpentes: Scolecophidia: Typhlopoidea) based on molecular and morphological evidence. Zootaxa 3829 (1): 001–081 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • THOMAS R. & S.B. HEDGES 2007. Eleven new species of snakes of the genus Typhlops (Serpentes: Typhlopidae) from Hispaniola and Cuba. Zootaxa 1400: 1-26 - get paper here
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