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Cuora mccordi ERNST, 1988

IUCN Red List - Cuora mccordi - Critically Endangered, CR

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Higher TaxaGeoemydidae (Geoemydinae), Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles)
Common NamesE: McCord's Box Turtle
G: McCords Scharnierschildkröte
Chinese: 百色闭壳龟 
SynonymCuora mccordi ERNST 1988
Cuora mccordi — ERNST & BARBOUR 1989: 151
Cuora maccordi — MENDT 2001 (in error)
Cuora mccordi — OBST 2003: 17
Cuora mccordi — TTWG 2014
Cuora mccordi — TTWG 2021 
DistributionChina (Guangxi)

Type locality: highland near Paise, Guangxi Province, China (23° 54’ N, 106° 37’ E).  
TypesHolotype: USNM 281850 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A moderately domed species of Cuora with a yellow head having a greenish crown, an orange black-bordered post-orbital stripe, soft parts varying from yellow to orange, a reddish-brown carapace, a medial carapacial keel most pronounced on vertebrals 2-4, vertebral 1 extending laterally no farther than the seam separating marginals 1-2, a yellow plastron with a large medial black pattern, the plastron with a shallow anal notch, and the interanal seam complete (from ERNST 1988). 
CommentIllustration in MENDT (2001) Elaphe 9 (4): 1 (editorial). Known only from the pet trade and markets (PARHAM et al. 2001).

Distribution: possibly in Yunnan (China) but records from there are questionable (Wang et al. 2022). 
EtymologyNamed after William P. McCord, American turtle specialist. 
  • Anonymous 2016. Testudinate China [in both English and Chinese] Testudinate Industry Branch of the China Fishery Association, published on occasion of WCH8; author not explicitly stated, 54 pp.
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Ernst, C.H. 1988. Cuora mccordi, a new chines box turtle from Guangxi Province. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 101: 466-470 - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Fritz U; Obst F J 1998. Neue Schildkröten aus Südostasien Teil I. Platysternidae und Bataguridae (Cuora). Sauria 20 (4): 9–22 - get paper here
  • McLaughlin, Connor J. and C. Tristan Stayton 2016. Convergent Evolution Provides Evidence of Similar Radiations in Shell Shape in the Turtle Families Emydidae and Geoemydidae. Herpetologica 72 (2): 120-129. - get paper here
  • Meier, E. 2004. Das Internationale Zentrum für Schildkrötenschutz (IZS) füllt sich mit Leben. Elaphe 12 (2): 60-64
  • Obst, F.J. 2003. Sumpfschildkröten. Draco 4 (13): 4-18 - get paper here
  • Parham, James Ford ; W. Brian Simison; Kenneth H. Kozak; Chris R. Feldman and Haitao Shi 2001. New Chinese turtles: endangered or invalid? A reassessment of two species using mitochondrial DNA, allozyme electrophoresis and known-locality specimens. Animal Conservation 4: 357–367 [erratum in Animal Conservation 5:86] - get paper here
  • Schilde, M. 2004. Asiatische Sumpfschildkröten - Die Familie Geoemydidae in Südostasien, China und Japan. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 192 pp. - get paper here
  • Spinks, Phillip Q.; Robert C. Thomson, YaPing Zhang, Jing Che, Yonghua Wu, H. Bradley Shaffer 2012. Species boundaries and phylogenetic relationships in the critically endangered Asian box turtle genus Cuora. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 63 (3): 656-667 - get paper here
  • Spinks, Phillip Q.; Shaffer, H. Bradley 2007. Conservation phylogenetics of the Asian box turtles (Geoemydidae, Cuora): mitochondrial introgression, numts, and inferences from multiple nuclear loci. Conservation Genetics 8(3):641-657 - get paper here
  • TTWG [Peter Paul van Dijk, John B. Iverson, Anders G.J. Rhodin, H. Bradley Shaffer, and Roger Bour] 2014. Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with Maps, and Conservation Status. 000.v7. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - get paper here
  • TTWG; Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., Bour, R., Fritz, U., Georges, A., Shaffer, H.B., and van Dijk, P.P. 2021. Turtles of the World: Annotated Checklist and Atlas of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status (9th Ed.). In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., van Dijk, P.P., Stanford, C.B., Goode, E.V., Buhlmann, K.A., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Eds.). Chelonian Research Monographs 8:1–472. doi:10.3854/crm.8.checklist.atlas.v9.2021. - get paper here
  • Wang K, Lyu ZT, Wang J, Qi S, Che J 2022. Updated Checklist and Zoogeographic Division of the Reptilian Fauna of Yunnan Province, China. Biodiversity Science 30 (4): 21326, 1–31 - get paper here
  • Wang, Kai; Jinlong Ren, Hongman Chen, Zhitong Lyu, Xianguang Guo Ke Jiang, Jinmin Chen, Jiatang Li, Peng Guo, Yingyong Wang, Jing Che 2020. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. Biodiversity Science 28 (2): 189-218 - get paper here
  • Werning, H. 2003. Eine Arche für asiatische Schildkröten - Eröffnung des Internationalen Zentrums für Schildkrötenschutz (IZS) im Allwetterzoo Münster. Reptilia (Münster) 8 (44): 5-14 - get paper here
  • Zhou T., T. Blanck, W. P. McCord + P-P. Li. 2007. Tracking Cuora mccordi (Ernst, 1988); the first record of its natural habitat; a re-description; with data on captive populations and its vulnerability. Hamadryad 31 - get paper here
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