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Cuora mouhotii (GRAY, 1862)

IUCN Red List - Cuora mouhotii - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaGeoemydidae (Geoemydinae), Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles)
SubspeciesCuora mouhotii obsti FRITZ, ANDREAS & LEHR,1998
Cuora mouhotii mouhotii (GRAY 1862) 
Common NamesE: Keeled Box Turtle
G: Dreikiel-Scharnierschildkröte
Chinese: 锯缘闭壳龟 
SynonymCyclemys mouhotii GRAY 1862
Pyxidea mouhotii — GRAY 1864: 107
Pyxidea mouhotii — SCHMIDT 1927
Pyxidea mouboti SMITH & JAMES 1958 (error typographicus)
Pyxidea mouhotii — ERNST & BARBOUR 1989: 178
Cyclemys mouhotii — XIANGKUI 1994
Pyxidea mouhotii — DAS 1996: 38
Cuora serrata IVERSON & MCCORD 1992
Pyxidea mouhotii — ZIEGLER 2002: 147
Pyxidea mouhotii — MCCORD & JOSEPH-OUNI 2003
Cuora mouhotii — STUART & PARHAM 2004
Pyxidea mouhotii — MURTHY 2010: 24
Cuora mouhotii mouhotii — TTWG 2021

Cuora mouhotii obsti FRITZ, ANDREAS & LEHR 1998
Pyxidea mouhotii obsti FRITZ, ANDREAS & LEHR 1998: 35
Cuora mouhotii obsti — TTWG 2014
Cuora mouhotii obsti — TTWG 2021 
DistributionChina (Hainan Island, Yunnan), Vietnam, Thailand, Myanmar (= Burma), E India (Assam, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh etc.), Bhutan

Type locality: "Lao Mountains, in Siam," presumably the Luang Prabang mountain range on the border between Thailand and Laos.

obsti: Vietnam; paratype: NMW  
TypesLectotype: BMNH 1947.3.4.27, designated by Fritz et al. (1998. Paralectotypes: 1947.3.4.48, 1947.3.4.49, 1947.3.4.64, 1947.3.4.65, 1947.3.4.66, and 1947.3.4.67.
Holotype: MTD (= MTKD) 31458, adult female; paratypes: MTD (= MTKD), NMW [obsti] 
CommentAllozyme and mitochondrial DNA data, together with morphological support and field information, provide compelling evidence that Cuora serrata is of hybrid origin with Cuora galbinifrons and Pyxidea mouhotii as parental species. C. ‘‘serrata’’ originates from both female galbinifrons and bourreti.(PARHAM et al. 2001, STUART & PARHAM 2004). Struijk & Blanck 2016 show that C. serrata is a hybrid of C. picturata x Cuora mouhotii obsti.

Karyotype: 2n = 52 (Bickham and Carr, 1983). 
EtymologyNamed after Alexandre Henri Mouhot (1826-1861), a French traveler who is best known for having rediscovered Ankhor Wat in Cambodia (ca. 1859).

Cuora mouhotii obsti was named after Fritz-Jürgen Obst (3 Apr 1939 - 10 Jun 2018), former director of the “Staatliche Museum für Naturkunde, Dresden” (MTKD). 
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