Cyclemys enigmatica FRITZ, GUICKING, AUER, SOMMER, WINK & HUNDSDÖRFER, 2008
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Cyclemys enigmatica?
|Higher Taxa||Geoemydidae (Geoemydinae), Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles)|
|Synonym||Cyclemys enigmatica FRITZ, GUICKING, AUER, SOMMER, WINK & HUNDSDÖRFER 2008|
Cyclemys enigmatica — CHAN-ARD et al. 2015
Cyclemys enigmatica — TTWG 2021
|Distribution||Indonesia (Sumatra), Southern Malay Peninsula and Greater Sunda Islands|
Type locality: Padang, Sumatra
|Types||Holotype: NMW 9811 (Naturhistorisches Museum Vienna = NHMW), coll. Consul J. Schild 1901, stuffed adult female).|
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis. Adult: Dark coloured, with mainly or entirely dark brown to black shell. Carapace ovoid. Femoral mid-seam longer than or equal to anal mid-seam; anal notch wide and obtuse- angled. Young adults with dense black radiating pattern on carapace and plastron; aged adults often with uniform dark brown carapace and black plastron. Head and neck stripes absent. Crown of the head uniform brown, in life distinctly lighter coloured than temporal region. Palate and tongue in alcohol pure white. Hatchling (Fig. 9): Underside of the shell brownish- yellow, mottled with small darker brown specks; head and neck uniform dark, without stripes. For maximum size and com- parison with diagnostic characters of other species, see Table 3 in FRITZ et al. 2008: 10.|
|Comment||Similar species: has been confused with Heosemys grandis (e.g. in CHAN-ARD et al. 2015; the species in their Fig 2. is not C. enigmatica but Heosemys grandis, U. Fritz, pers. comm., 17. June 2012; Hikida 2015).|
Habitat: freshwater (Rivers, swamps)
|Etymology||The species name enigmatica, Latinized adjective from the Greek noun aínigma (enigma, conundrum or riddle) refers to the long-lasting confusion caused by the distinct morphology of the new species and its introgressed mitochondrial genome.|
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