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Cycloderma frenatum PETERS, 1854

IUCN Red List - Cycloderma frenatum - Least Concern, LR

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Higher TaxaTrionychidae (Cyclanorbinae), Trionychoidea, Testudines (turtles)
Common NamesE: Zambezi Soft-shelled Turtle 
SynonymCycloderma frenatum PETERS 1854: 216
Aspidochelys livingstonii GRAY 1860: 69
Aspidochelys livingstonii — GRAY 1860: 441
Cycloderma frenatum — WERMUTH & MERTENS 1977: 102
Cycloderma frenatum — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 8
Cycloderma frenatum — TTWG 2014
Cycloderma frenatum — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 48
Cycloderma frenatum — TTWG 2021 
DistributionTanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zanzibar, Zimbabwe

Type locality: "im fluminibus Zambeze et Licuare. . .Tette et Sena. . .in terra Boror," Zambezi River, Mozambique. Restricted to “Sambesi bei Tete” by lectotype designation (FRITZ et al. 1994).  
TypesSyntypes: ZMB 47, 49, 50, 4815, 8243, 8432 
CommentType species: Cycloderma frenatum PETERS 1854: 216 is the type species of the genus Cycloderma PETERS 1854.

Habitat: freshwater (rivers and tributaries, lakes) 
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598 - get paper here
  • Branch, W.R.; Rödel, M.-O. & Marais, J. 2005. Herpetological survey of the Niassa Game Reserve, northern Mozambique - Part I: Reptiles. Salamandra 41 (4): 195-214 - get paper here
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Broadley, D.G. 1962. On some reptile collections from the North-Western and North-Eastern Districts of Southern Rhodesia 1958-1961, with descriptions of four new lizards. Occ. Pap. Nat. Mus. South. Rhodesia 26 (B): 787-843
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Fritz, U.; Obst, F.J. & Günther,R. 1994. Kritischer Typenkatalog der Schildkrötensammlung (Reptilia: Testudines) des Zoologischen Museums Berlin. [type catalogue] Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 70: 157-175 - get paper here
  • Gray, J.E. 1860. Description of a soft tortoise (Aspidochelys livingstonii) from the Zambesi, sent to the British Museum by Dr. Livingstone. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 6: 68-69 - get paper here
  • Gray, J.E. 1860. On the African Trionyces with hidden feet (Emyda). Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 6: 440-441 - get paper here
  • Haagner, G.V.; Morgan, D.R. 1991. Life History Note: Cycloderma frenatum: Reproduction. J. Herp. Assoc. Africa (39): 26-27 - get paper here
  • McCord, W.P. & Joseph-Ouni, M. 2003. Chelonian Illustrations #6. Flapshell and Giant Asian Softshell Turtles. Reptilia (GB) (26): 59-64 - get paper here
  • Peters, W.C.H. 1854. Übersicht der auf seiner Reise nach Mossambique beobachteten Schildkröten. Monatsberichte der Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1854: 215-216. - get paper here
  • SALES-NUNES, PEDRO M.; ANTOINE FOUQUET, FELIPE F. CURCIO, PHILIPPE J. R. KOK and MIGUEL TREFAUT RODRIGUES 2012. Cryptic species in Iphisa elegans Gray, 1851 (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) revealed by hemipenial morphology and molecular data. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 361–376 October 2012 Volume 166, Issue 2, 361-376 - get paper here
  • Siebenrock, F. 1902. Zur Systematik der Schildkrötenfamilie Trionychidae Bell, nebst der Beschreibung einer neuen Cyclanorbis - Art. Sitzungsber. K. Akad. Wiss. Wien. Math-Naturwiss. Cl. 111: 807-846 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Sweeney, R. C. H. 1960. THE CHELONIA OF NYASALAND PROTECTORATE. The Nyasaland Journal 13 (1): 35-50 - get paper here
  • Thomson, Robert C.; Andrew M. Shedlock, Scott V. Edwards and H. Bradley Shaffer 2008. Developing markers for multilocus phylogenetics in non-model organisms: A test case with turtles. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49 (2): 514-525 - get paper here
  • TTWG [Peter Paul van Dijk, John B. Iverson, Anders G.J. Rhodin, H. Bradley Shaffer, and Roger Bour] 2014. Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with Maps, and Conservation Status. 000.v7. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - get paper here
  • TTWG; Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., Bour, R., Fritz, U., Georges, A., Shaffer, H.B., and van Dijk, P.P. 2021. Turtles of the World: Annotated Checklist and Atlas of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status (9th Ed.). In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., van Dijk, P.P., Stanford, C.B., Goode, E.V., Buhlmann, K.A., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Eds.). Chelonian Research Monographs 8:1–472. doi:10.3854/crm.8.checklist.atlas.v9.2021. - get paper here
  • Wermuth, H., and R. Mertens. 1977. Liste der rezenten Amphibien und Reptilien. Testudines, Crocodylia, Rhynchocephalia. Das Tierreich. Berlin. 100: i-xxvii, 1-174 - get paper here
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