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Cyclura ricordi (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1837)

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Higher TaxaIguanidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Ricord's Rock Iguana, Ricord's Ground Iguana 
SynonymAloponotus Ricordii DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 190
Hypsilophus (Aloponotus) Ricordii — FITZINGER 1843
Aloponotus ricordii — COPE 1885
Cyclura ricordii — COCHRAN 1924
Cyclura ricordi — SCHWARTZ & CAREY 1977
Cyclura ricordi — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 400
Cyclura ricordi — POWELL et al. 1999
Cyclura ricordii — LEMM & ALBERTS 2012 
DistributionHispaniola (SW Dominican Republic;
presumably in the Cul de Sac Plain of Haiti)

Type locality: Saint-Domingue.  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 8304 (stuffed specimen) 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 440 mm, in females to 365 mm); 7-11 (mode 8) scale rows between frontal and interparietal; no azygous scales between prefrontals; 9-17 (mode 12) scales between anterior canthals; frontal scale not conspicuously enlarged; first prefrontal never in contact with precanthal; 7-13 (mode 10) vertical loreal rows; 16-20 (mode 17) suboculars to anterior border of tympanum; 9-15 (mode 12) sublabials to eye center; no distinct row of scales between infralabials and sublabials; 1-2 (mode 2) postmentals; 28-46 femoral pores in a single row; dorsal crest scales 11-21 between occiput and shoulder, 31-43 between shoulder and sacrum, 7-18 between sacrum and first caudal verticil, total dorsal crest scales between occiput and first caudal verticil 51-78; dorsal crest scales on neck always higher than body dorsal crest scales, dorsal crest scales on body always higher than postsacral crest scales; scales at each caudal verticil greatly enlarged and spinose; 56-89 scales around tail in fifth caudal verticil; 20-33 dorsolateral scales in naris-eye distance; rostral always in contact with nasals. Dorsum (adults and juveniles) with 5-6 bold, pale gray chevrons, alternating with dark gray to black chevrons, of which 5 continue diagonally onto venter as bold but narrow lines; in adults, dark chevrons less black and more gray ventrolaterally (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 400). 
CommentFor illustrations see Noble, 1923; Cochran, 1941; Schwartz and Carey, 1977; Sanlley Castro and Duval, 1979. 
  • Alberts, A.C.; Carter, R.L.; Hayes, W.K. & Martins, E.P. (eds.) 2004. Iguanas - Biology and Conservation. University of California Press, 356 pp. - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Binns, J. 2003. Creatures of Cabritos. Iguana Rundschreiben 16 (1): 9-10
  • Buckley, Larry J.; Kevin de Queiroz, Tandora D. Grant, Bradford D. Hollingsworth, John B. Iverson (Chair, <br />Stesha A. Pasachnik, and Catherine L. Stephen (Iguana Taxonomy Working Group, ITWG 2016. A Checklist of the Iguanas of the World (Iguanidae; Iguaninae). Herp. Cons. Biol. 11 (Monograph 6) - get paper here
  • Cochran, D.M. 1941. The herpetology of Hispaniola. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 177: vii + 398 pp. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1885. The large iguanas of the Greater Antilles. Amer. Nat. 19: 1005-1006
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Glor, Richard E., Robert Powell and John S. Parmerlee. 1998. Cyclura ricordii. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (657):1-3. - get paper here
  • Kwet, A. & Werning, H. 2015. Die Biodiversitätskrise - Amphibien und Reptilien in Gefahr. Terraria-Elaphe 2016 (1): 14-26 - get paper here
  • Lemm, J.M. & Alberts, A.C. 2012. Cyclura. Elsevier / Academic Press, 221 pp.
  • Malone,C.L.; Wheeler,T.; Taylor, J.F. & Davis,S.K. 2000. Phylogeography of the Caribbean Rock Iguana (Cyclura): implications for conservation and insights on the biogeographic history of the West Indies. Mol. Phylogen. Evol. 17 (2): 269 - get paper here
  • Noble, G.K. 1923. Trailing the rhinoceros iguana. Nat. Hist. 23 (6):541-558.
  • Pasachnik, Stesha Ann & Victor Martin-Velez 2017. An evaluation of the diet of Cyclura iguanas in the Dominican Republic. Herpetological Bulletin (140): - get paper here
  • Powell, R. & Incháustegui, S.J. 2009. Conservation of the herpetofauna of the Dominican Republic. Applied Herpetology 6: 103–122 - get paper here
  • Powell, Robert, José A. Ottenwalder, Sixto J. Incháustegui, Robert W. Henderson and Richard E. Glor. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of the Dominican Republic: Species of special concern. Oryx 34 (2): 118-128 - get paper here
  • Powell, Robert; José A. Ottenwalder and Sixto J. Incháustegui 1999. The Hispaniolan Herpetofauna: Diversity, Endemism, and Historical Perpectives, with Comments on Navassa Island. In Crother, Caribbean Amphibians and Reptiles, Academic Press, pp. 93-168 - get paper here
  • Rittmann, D. 2003. Eigene Erfahrungen bei der Haltung und Nachzucht des Roatan-Schwarzleguans Ctenosaura oedirhina DE QUEIROZ 1987. Iguana Rundschreiben 16 (1): 11-16
  • Sanlley Castro, C., and Duval, J. 1979. Reproducción en cautividad de iguanas del género Cyclura. ZOODOM 3(2): 13-18.
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and Carey, M. 1977. Systematics and evolution in the West Indian iguanid genus Cyclura. Stud. Fauna Curaçao and Carib. Is. 53(173):15-97. - get paper here
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