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Cyclura stejnegeri BARBOUR & NOBLE, 1916

IUCN Red List - Cyclura stejnegeri - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaIguanidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Mona Island Iguana, Mona Rhinoceros Iguana
G: Mona Island Nashornleguan 
SynonymCyclura stejnegeri BARBOUR & NOBLE 1916
Cyclura stejnegeri — GRANT 1944
Cyclura cornuta stejnegeri — SCHWARTZ & THOMAS 1975
Cyclura stejnegeri — POWELL 1999
Cyclura stejnegeri — BUCKLEY et al. 2011
Cyclura cornuta stejnegeri — LEMM & ALBERTS 2012
Cyclura stejnegeri — PÉREZ-BUITRAGO et al. 2016
Cyclura stejnegeri — BUCKLEY et al. 2016 
DistributionMona Island

Type locality: Isla Mona.  
TypesHolotype: USNM 29367 
CommentPhylogenetics: C. stejnegeri appears to be nested within C. cornuta in a study by Reynolds et al. 2022 
EtymologyNamed after Leonhard Hess Stejneger (1851-1943), Norwegian-born herpetologist who moved to the US in 1881 and became curator of reptiles at the Smithsonian Institution in 1889. 
  • Alberts, A.C.; Carter, R.L.; Hayes, W.K. & Martins, E.P. (eds.) 2004. Iguanas - Biology and Conservation. University of California Press, 356 pp. - get paper here
  • Avery, D. F.; Tanner, W. W. 1971. Evolution of the iguanine lizards (Sauria, Iguanidae) as determined by osteological and myological characters. Brigham Young University Science Bulletin 12 (3): 1-79
  • Barbour, T. and Noble, G.K. 1916. A revision of the lizards of the genus Cyclura. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 60 (4): 139-64. - get paper here
  • Bonetti, Mathilde 2002. 100 Sauri. Mondadori (Milano), 192 pp. - get paper here
  • Bonnaterre, P.J. 1789. Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature, . . . Erpétologie. Panckoucke, Paris, xxviii+71 pp. (+ plates + index) - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1890. On the distinctive cranial characters of the Iguanoid lizards allied to Iguana. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 6: 412-414 - get paper here
  • Buckley, L.J. et al. 2011. Iguanas of the world (Iguanidae; Iguaninae). IUCN ISG - get paper here
  • Buckley, Larry J.; Kevin de Queiroz, Tandora D. Grant, Bradford D. Hollingsworth, John B. Iverson (Chair, <br />Stesha A. Pasachnik, and Catherine L. Stephen (Iguana Taxonomy Working Group, ITWG 2016. A Checklist of the Iguanas of the World (Iguanidae; Iguaninae). Herp. Cons. Biol. 11 (Monograph 6) - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1885. The large iguanas of the Greater Antilles. American Naturalist 19: 1005-1006
  • Cope, E.D. 1886. On the species of Iguaninae. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 23 (122): 261-271 - get paper here
  • Cuvier, G. 1831. The Animal Kingdom arranged in conformity with its organization, by the Baron Cuvier, ... with additional descriptions of all the species hitherto named, and of many not before noticed, by Edward Griffith... and others. Vol. 9. Whittaker, Treacher and Co., London, 481 pp. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • García, Miguel A. and Glenn P. Gerber 2016. Conservation and Management of Cyclura Iguanas in Puerto Rico. Herp. Cons. Biol. 11 (Monograph 6) - get paper here
  • Geißler, L. 2008. Herpetologische Beobachtungen auf der Halbinsel Barahona, Dominikanische Republik. Elaphe 16 (1): 48-52
  • Glor, R.E., R. Powell, and J.S. Parmerlee, Jr. 2000. Cyclura cornuta (Bonnaterre) Hispaniolan Rhinoceros Iguana. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (709): 1-6 - get paper here
  • Grant, C. 1944. Cyclura stejnegeri: A Portrait. Herpetologica 2: 139-140 - get paper here
  • Günther, Albert 1882. Observations on some rare Reptiles and a Batrachian now or lately living in the Society's Menagerie. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 11 (7): 215-222, 5 plates (2 in color)
  • Krysko, K.K.; Enge, K.M.; Donlan, E.M.; Golden, E.Z.; Burgess, J.P. & Larson, K.W. 2009. THE NON-MARINE HERPETOFAUNA OF KEY BISCAYNE, FLORIDA. Herp. Cons. Biol. 5 (1):132-142 - get paper here
  • Lemm, J.M. & Alberts, A.C. 2012. Cyclura. Elsevier / Academic Press, 221 pp.
  • Malone,C.L.; Wheeler,T.; Taylor, J.F. & Davis,S.K. 2000. Phylogeography of the Caribbean Rock Iguana (Cyclura): implications for conservation and insights on the biogeographic history of the West Indies. Mol. Phylogen. Evol. 17 (2): 269 - get paper here
  • Pasachnik, Stesha Ann & Victor Martin-Velez 2017. An evaluation of the diet of Cyclura iguanas in the Dominican Republic. Herpetological Bulletin (140): - get paper here
  • Pérez-Buitrago, Néstor; Alberto M. Sabat, and W. Owen McMillan 2016. Nesting Migrations and Reproductive Biology of the Mona Rhinoceros Iguana, Cyclura stejnegeri. Herp. Cons. Biol. 11 (Monograph 6) - get paper here
  • Powell, R. 1999. Herpetology of Navassa Island, West Indies. Carib. J. Sci. 35: 1-13
  • Powell, R. 2000. Cyclura onchiopsis Cope Navassa Island Rhinoceros Iguana. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (710): 1-3 - get paper here
  • Powell, R. & Incháustegui, S.J. 2009. Conservation of the herpetofauna of the Dominican Republic. Applied Herpetology 6: 103–122 - get paper here
  • Powell, R. and R.E. Glor 2000. Cyclura stejnegeri Barbour and Noble Mona Island Rhinoceros Iguana. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (711): 1-4 - get paper here
  • Reynolds, R. G., Miller, A. H., Pasachnik, S. A., Knapp, C. R., Welch, M. E., Colosimo, G., ... & Iverson, J. B. 2022. Phylogenomics and Historical Biogeography of West Indian Rock Iguanas (genus Cyclura). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 107548 - get paper here
  • Rosas, K.G.; Perez-Buitrago, N.; Acevedo, J.P.; Martinez, N.; Funk, S.M.; McMillan, W.O. 2008. Development and characterization of 11 microsatellite loci for the Mona Island iguana (Cyclura cornuta stejnegeri). Molecular Ecology Resources 8(4):825-827 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Thomas, Richard; Joglar, Rafael 1996. The herpetology of Puerto Rico: Past, present, and future. Ann New York Acad. Sci. 776: 181-200 - get paper here
  • Tyler, R.E. 1852. On the iguana of Sta Lucia, Metopoceros cornutus of Wagler. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (2) 7: 494-494 - get paper here
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