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Cynisca bifrontalis (BOULENGER, 1906)

IUCN Red List - Cynisca bifrontalis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAmphisbaenidae, Amphisbaenia, Lacertoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: French Congo Worm Lizard 
SynonymAmphisbaena bifrontalis BOULENGER 1906: 202
Cynisca bifrontalis — LAURENT 1947
Cynisca bifrontalis — GANS 1987: 29
Cynisca bifrontalis — BRANCH et al. 2003
Cynisca bifrontalis — GANS 2005: 28 
DistributionGabon (endemic)

Type locality: “Fernand Vaz, French Congo”.  
TypesHolotype: MSNG 28163. 
CommentDistribution: Not listed by BROADLEY & POYNTON 1998 for the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire).

Differentiation between C. bifrontalis and C. haughi involves the lack of a discreet ocular in C. haughi (present in C. bifrontalis), and a caudal autotomy site at the level of the 7th caudal annulus (at the 11th in C. bifrontalis). 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1906. Report on the reptiles collected by the late L. Fea in West Africa. Ann. Mus. civ. Stor. Nat. Genova (3) 2: 196-216 - get paper here
  • Branch, William R., Oliver S. G. Pauwels and Marius Burger 2003. Re-discovery of Cynisca bifrontalis in Gabon, with additional notes on Monopeltis galeata (Reptilia: Amphisbaenia). African Journal of Herpetology 52 (2): 93-100 - get paper here
  • Laurent, R.F. 1947. Notes sur les Amphisbaenidae d'Afrique. Revue. Zool. Bot. Afr. Vol. 40: 52-63
  • Pauwels, O.S.G. & Vande Weghe, J.P. 2008. Les reptiles du Gabon. Smithsonian Institution, Washington: 272 pp. - get paper here
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