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Cynisca feae (BOULENGER, 1906)

IUCN Red List - Cynisca feae - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAmphisbaenidae, Amphisbaenia, Lacertoidea, Squamata
Common NamesE: Ugly Worm Lizard 
SynonymPlacogaster feae BOULENGER 1906: 203
Cynisca feae — GANS 1987
Cynisca feae — PAUWELS & MEIRTE 1996
Cynisca feae — GANS 2005: 28
Cynisca feae — TRAPE 2014 
DistributionGuinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal, Guinea

Type locality: ‘‘Cassine River District, Portuguese Guinea’’.  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1906.3.30.34: RR1946.9.1.13, 1906.3.30.35, RR1946.9.1.14; MSNG 28162 (seven specimens). 
DiagnosisDescription. Rostral moderate, triangular; nasal fused with first and second labials, preocular, ocular, prefrontal and frontal, forming a long suture with its fellow behind the rostral; no prefrontals; no frontal; a pair of elongate postfrontals; no parietals(obviously fused with postfrontals); no occipitals (obviously fused with postfrontals); no supraocular; no preocular; no ocular (its former position indicated by a groove), eye hidden; 1 (third) upper labial; 2 temporals, upper very large, forming an extensive suture with a postfrontal; mental elongate; 2 lower labials, first very large,second small; no postmental (obviously fused with mental); no chin shields; 252-258 annuli on body, 9-24 on tail; 19 (12 + 7) segments in a midbody annulus, the median ventral segment six times as broad as long; 4 anals; 6 preanal pores.

Coloration. Above, pale brown; below, white.

Measurements. Total length 175 (160 + 15) mm.

Source: Loveridge 1941: 401

Diagnosis: Gans 1987: 35 
CommentType species: Placogaster feae BOULENGER 1906 is the type species of the genus Placogaster BOULENGER 1906 (now a synonym of Cynisca (fide GANS 2005). 
EtymologyNamed after Leonardo Fea, naturalist in Genoa. 
  • Barnett, Linda K. & Emms, Craig 2005. Common reptiles of The Gambia. Rare Repro, Hailsham, East Sussex, 24 pp.
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1906. Report on the reptiles collected by the late L. Fea in West Africa. Ann. Mus. civ. Stor. Nat. Genova (3) 2: 196-216 - get paper here
  • Gans C 1987. Studies on amphisbaenians (Reptilia). 7. The small round-headed species (Cynisca) from western Africa. American Museum Novitates (2896): 1-84 - get paper here
  • Gans, C. 2005. CHECKLIST AND BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE AMPHISBAENIA OF THE WORLD. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 289: 1-130 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, ARTHUR 1941. Revision of the African lizards of the family Amphisbaenidae. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 87: 353-451. - get paper here
  • Pauwels, O. & Meirte,D. 1996. Contribution to the knowledge of the Gambian herpetofauna. British Herpetological Society Bulletin (56): 27-34 - get paper here
  • Trape, J.F. 2014. Un reptile nouveau du genre Cynisca Gray, 1844, au Sénégal (Squamata, Amphisbaenidae). Bull. Soc. Herp. France 151: 11-20.
  • Trape, J.F.; Mané, Y. 2015. Note sur une collection d’amphisbènes (Squamata, Amphisbaenidae) d’Afrique occidentale. Bull. Soc. Herp. France 154 : 35-60
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